The importance of education of future elementary teachers about modern biotechnology issues

Authors

  • Jana Ambrožič Dolinšek
  • Andrej Šorgo

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.14720/abs.54.2.15480

Keywords:

genetically modified organisms, GMO, students of elementary education

Abstract

The tremendous development of science and technology has influenced many aspects of our everyday lives, society and environment. A good example of such technology is biotechnology. However, besides its promise, this technology has also
raised several controversial issues to which answers are not easily available. With increasing knowledge and applications on one side and controversy on the other the teaching of science is, anything but easy. Development of competencies for these issues, and questions like why, when, and how to integrate modern biotechnology into science education are becoming prominent in the near future. Nowadays, when we are confronted with issues of varying degrees of complexity and importance, it is necessary that teachers at all levels of education have the basic tools to cope with these issues. This is one of reason why we have attempted to establish what kind of knowledge, values and opinions about genetic engineering and genetically modified organisms (GMOs) are characteristic for the students, future Elementary Teachers, at three Slovene Faculties of Education. We collected answers of 360 questionnaires from pre-service elementary school teachers and analysed their statements from the field of general and classical genetics, modern biotechnology, legislation and the acceptance of different kind of GMOs. Prospective teachers have some knowledge of general and classical genetics and less knowledge about the use of modern biotechnology. They have concerns and fears about different kind of GMOs, mostly negative attitudes towards different kinds of GMOs, or they hold no strong opinions about them. Microorganisms and plants are generally more acceptable than GM animal. Furthermore, more knowledge does not mean that individual GMOs are more acceptable.

References

Allum, N., Sturgis, P., Tabourazi, D., Brunton-Smith, I., 2008. Science knowledge and attitudes across cultures: a meta-analysis. Public Understanding of Science, 17, 35–54. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1177/0963662506070159

Ambrožič-Dolinšek, J., Šorgo, A., 2009. Odnos študentov razrednega pouka do gensko spremenjenih organizmov (GSO). Acta Biologica Slovenica, 52(2), 21–31. DOI: https://doi.org/10.14720/abs.52.2.15199

Christoph, I.B., Bruhn, M., Roosen, J., 2008. Knowledge, attitudes towards and acceptability of genetic modification in Germany. Appetite, 51(1), 58–68. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.appet.2007.12.001

Cavanagh, H., Hood, J., Wilkinson, J., 2005. Riverina high school students’ views of biotechnology. Electronic Journal of Biotechnology, 8(2), 121–127. [cited 19. 3. 2009]. Available from: http://www.scielo.cl/pdf/ejb/v8n2/a01.pdf. ISSN: 0717-3458 DOI: https://doi.org/10.2225/vol8-issue2-fulltext-1

Čagran, B., Grmek, Ivanuš, M., Štemberger, T., 2009. External differentiation and emotional-personal views of learning. Didactica Slovenica-Pedagoska Obzorja, 24(2), 3–19.

Flores, V.S., Tobin, A.J., 2002. Frankenfoods: Values about genetics embedded in a metaphor. American Biology Teacher, 64(8), 581–586. DOI: https://doi.org/10.2307/4451380

Harms, U., 2002. Biotechnology Education in Schools. Electronic Journal of Biotechnology [on line], 5(3), 205–211. Available from: http://www.ejbiotechnology.info/content/vol5/issue3/teaching/01/. Retrieved 24. 9. 08. DOI: https://doi.org/10.2225/vol5-issue3-fulltext-i03

Sadler,T.D., Zeidler, D.L., 2004. The morality of socioscientific issues: Construal and resolution of genetic engineering dilemmas. Science Education, 88(1), 4–27. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1002/sce.10101

Sadler,T.D., Zeidler, D.L., 2005a. The significance of content knowledge for informal reasoning regarding socioscientific issues: Applying genetic knowledge to genetic engineering issues, Science Education, 89, 71–93. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1002/sce.20023

Sadler,T.D., Zeidler, D.L., 2005b. Patterns of informal reasoning in the context of socioscientific decision making. Journal of Research in Science Teaching, 42(1), 112–138. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1002/tea.20042

Stewart, P.A., McLean,W.P., 2005. Public opinion toward the first, second, and third generations of plant biotechnology. In vitro Cellular Developmental Biology Plant, 41(6), 718–724. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1079/IVP2005703

Šorgo, A., Ambrožič-Dolinšek, J., 2009. The relationship among knowledge of, attitudes toward and acceptance of genetically modified organisms (GMOs) among Slovenian teachers. Electronic Journal of Biotechnology, 12(3) 1–13. DOI: https://doi.org/10.2225/vol12-issue4-fulltext-1

Šorgo, A., Ambrožič-Dolinšek, J., 2010. Knowlege of, attitudes toward, and acceptance of genetically modified organisms among prospective teachers of biology, home economics, and grade school in Slovenia. Biochemistry and molecular biology education, 38(3) 141–150. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1002/bmb.20377

Šorgo, A., Ambrožič-Dolinšek, J. Tomažič, I., Janžekovič, F., 2011. Emotions expressed toward genetically modified organisms among secondary school students and pre.service teachers. Journal of Baltic Science Education, 10(1), 53–64.

Yunta, E.R., Herrera, C.V., Misseroni, A., Milla, L.F., Ooutomuro, D., Lemus, I.S., Lues, M.F., Stepke, F.L., 2005. Attitudes towards Genomic Research in Four Latin American Countries. Electronic Journal of Biotechnology, 8(3), 238 – 248 [cited 24. 9. 2008]. Available from: http://www.ejbiotechnology.info/content/vol8/issue3/full/9/BIP/. ISSN: 0717-3458. DOI: https://doi.org/10.2225/vol8-issue3-fulltext-9

Downloads

Published

01.12.2011

Issue

Section

Original Research Paper

How to Cite

Ambrožič Dolinšek, J., & Šorgo, A. (2011). The importance of education of future elementary teachers about modern biotechnology issues. Acta Biologica Slovenica, 54(2), 85-92. https://doi.org/10.14720/abs.54.2.15480

Similar Articles

1-10 of 44

You may also start an advanced similarity search for this article.