Nest survival of Great Tit Parus major in spatial and temporal gradient

Authors

  • Dejan Bordjan
  • Davorin Tome

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.14720/abs.56.1.15549

Keywords:

Great Tit, nest survival, altitude, Slovenia

Abstract

The aim of the study was to compare nest survival of Great Tit between different regions, altitudes and years to discern which has the highest influence. Temperature is known to be prominent for breeding parameters and it changes consistently with altitude. Our hypothesis was that altitude has greater influence on nest survival than the region and year. Breeding parameters were monitored with the use of nestboxes over a three year period at three altitude belts in two regions. The main factor influencing nesting success was modelled using daily survival rate in the program MARK. We gathered data from 104 first nesting attempts of which 26 failed. Although nest failure increased with altitude this was significant only for one region. There was significant difference in nest failure between the regions but not between the years. Modelling showed higher support in data for regions than for altitudes and years thus rejecting the hypothesis. Some possible reasons for such results are discussed.

References

Avery, M.I., Krebs, J.R., 2008. Temperature and foraging success of great tits Parus major hunting for spiders. Ibis, 126 (1), 33–38. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1474-919X.1984.tb03661.x

Bednekoff, P. A., H. Biebach, Krebs, J., 1994. Great Tit Fat Reserves under Unpredictable Temperatures. Journal of Avian Biology, 25 (2), 156–160. DOI: https://doi.org/10.2307/3677035

Begon, M., Harper, J. L., Townsend, C. R., (1996): Ecology. Individuals, population and communities. 3rd edition. Blackwell Science Ltd., Oxford, 1060 pp.

Belda, E. J., Barba, E., Gil-Delgado, J. A., Iglesias, D. J., López, G. M., Monrós, J. S., 1998. Laying date and clutch size of Great Tit (Parus major) in the Mediterranean region: a comparison of four habitat types. Journal of Ornithology, 139, 169–276. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/BF01653337

Bionda, R., Brambilla, M., 2012. Rainfall and landscape features affect productivity in an alpine population of eagle owl Bubo bubo. Journal of Ornithology, 153, 167–171. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s10336-011-0721-2

Burnham, K.P., Anderson, D.R. 2002. Model Selection and Multi-model Inference: A Practical Information-Theoretic Approach, 2nd ed. Springer, New York.

Cresswell, W., Mccleery, R., 2003. How Great Tits maintain synchronization of their hatch date with food supply in response to long-term variability in temperature. Journal of Animal Ecology, 72 (2), 356–366. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1046/j.1365-2656.2003.00701.x

Denac, D. 2006. Resource-dependent weather effect in the reproduction of the White Stork Ciconia ciconia. Ardea, 94, 2, 233–240.

Eeva, T., Lehikoinen, E., Nurmi, J., 1994. Effect of ectoparasites on breeding success of great tit (Parus major) and pied flycatchers (Ficedula hypoleuca) in an air pollution gradient. Canadian Journal of Zoology, 72, 624–635. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1139/z94-085

Eeva, T., Ahola, M., Lehikoinen, E., 2009. Breeding performance of blue tits (Cyanistes caeruleus) and great tits (Parus major) in a heavy metal polluted area. Environmental Pollution, 157, 3126–3131. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envpol.2009.05.040

Fairhurst, G.D., Bechard, M.J., 2005. Relationships between winter and spring weather and northern goshawk (Accipiter gentilis) reproduction in northern Nevada. Journal of Raptor Research, 39 (3), 229–236.

Gosler, A.G., Wilson, J. 1997. Parus major Great Tit. In: Hagemeijer, W.J.M. and Blair, M.J. (ed.): The EBCC Atlas of European breeding birds: Their Distribution and Abundance. T & AD Poyser, London, pp. 644–645.

Haftorn, S. Reinertsen, R.E., 1985. The effect of temperature and clutch size on the energetic cost of incubation in a free-living blue tit (Parus caeruleus). The Auk, 102 (3), 470–478. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1093/auk/102.3.470

Högstedt, G., 1980. Resource partitioning in Magpie Pica pica and Jackdaw Corvus monedula during breeding season. Ornis scandinavica, 11, 110–115. DOI: https://doi.org/10.2307/3675916

Holt, R. D., 1977. Predation, apparent competition and the structure of prey communities. Theoretical population biology, 12, 197–229. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/0040-5809(77)90042-9

Julliard, R., McCleery, R.H., Clobert, J., Perrins, C.M., 1997. Phenotypic adjustment of clutch size due to nest predation in the great tit. Ecology, 78 (2), 394–404. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1890/0012-9658(1997)078[0394:PAOCSD]2.0.CO;2

Kania, W. 1989. Brood desertion by great tits Parus major cought at the nest. Acta Ornithologica, 25, 1, 78–105.

Keller L.F., Van Noordwijk A.J., 1994. Effects of local environmental conditions on nestling growth in the Great Tit Parus major L. Ardea, 82 (2), 349 – 362.

Klosius, H., 2008. Species richness and composition of bird assemblages along an elevational gradient in the Eastern Alps (National Park Gesäuse, Austria). Diplomarbeit. Wien, Universität Wien. 45 pp.

Kluijver, H.N., 1951. The population ecology of the Great Tit, Parus m. major L. Ardea, 39 (1–3), 1–135.

Krementz, D. G., Handford, P., 1984. Does Avian Clutch Size Increase with Altitude? Oikos, 43 (2), 256–259. DOI: https://doi.org/10.2307/3544780

Kryštufek, B., 1991. Sesalci Slovenije. Prirodoslovni muzej Slovenije, Ljubljana, 294 pp.

Kryštufek, B., Flajšman B., 2007. Polh in človek. Ekološki forum LDS v sodelovanju z Liberalno akademijo, Ljubljana, 248 pp.

McCleery, R.H., Clobert, J., Julliard, R., Perrins, C.M., 1996. Nest predation and delayed cost of reproduction in the great tit. Journal of Animal Ecology, 65 (1), 96–104. DOI: https://doi.org/10.2307/5703

McDonald, P. G., Olsen, P.D., Cockburn, A., 2004. Weather dictates reproductive success and survival in the Australian brown falcon Falco berigora. Journal of Animal Ecology, 73, 683–692. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/j.0021-8790.2004.00842.x

Mihelič, T., Vrezec, A., Perušek, M., Svetličič, J. 2000. Kozača strix uralensis v Sloveniji. Acrocephalus 21, 98/99, 9–22.

Naef-Daenzer, B., Widmer, F., Nuber, M. 2001. Differential post-fledging survival of great and coal tits in relation to their condition and fledging date. Journal of Animal Ecology, 70, 730–738. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1046/j.0021-8790.2001.00533.x

Neal, J.C., James, D.A., Montague, W.G., Johnson, J.E., 1993. Effects of weather and helpers on survival of nestling red-cockaded woodpeckers. Wilson bulletin, 105 (4), 666–673.

Newton, I., 1979. Population ecology of raptors. T & A D Poyser, Berkhamsted, England, 399 pp.

Newton, I., 1998. Population limitation in birds. Academic press, London, 597 pp.

van Noordwijk, Mccleery, R.H., Perrins, C.M., 1995. Selection for the timing of great tit breeding in relation to caterpillar growth and temperature. Journal of Animal Ecology, 64, 451–458. DOI: https://doi.org/10.2307/5648

Nussey, D.H., Postma, E., Gienapp, P., Visser, M.E., 2005. Selection on heritable phenotypic plasticity in a wild bird population. Science, 310, 304. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1117004

Pasinelli, G., 2001. Breeding performance of the middle spotted woodpecker Dendrocopos medius in relation to weather and territory quality. Ardea, 89 (2), 353–361.

Perko D., Orožen Adamič M. 1998. Slovenija. Ljudje in pokrajine. Ljubljana, Mladinska knjiga, 735 pp.

Prokop, P., 2004. The effect of nest usurpation on breeding success of the black-billed magpie Pica pica. Biologia Bratislava, 59 (2), 213–217.

Quader, S., 1995. The Grey Tit (Parus major caschmerensis) in Northern India: Behaviour and Ecology in the Non-Breeding Season. Doctoral dissertation, Saurashtra University, Rajkot. 46 pp.

Radford, A.N., McCleery, R.H., Woodburn, R.J. W., Morecroft, M.D., 2001. Activity patterns of parent great tits Parus major feeding their young during rainfall. Bird Study, 48, 214–220. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/00063650109461220

Radford, A.N., du Plessis M.A., 2003. The importance of rainfall to a cavity-nesting species. Ibis, 145 (4), 692–694 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1046/j.1474-919X.2003.00198.x

Riddington, R., Gosler, A.G., 2008. Differences in reproductive success and parental qualities between habitats in the Great Tit Parus major. Ibis, 137 (3), 371–378. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1474-919X.1995.tb08035.x

Rotella, J.J., Dinsmore, S.J., Shaffer, T.L., 2004. Modelling nest–survival data: a comparison of recently developed methods that can be implemented in MARK and SAS. Animal Biodiversity and Conservation, 27 (1), 187–205.

Rytkönen S., Krams, I., 2003. Does foraging behaviour explain the poor breeding success of great tits Parus major in northern Europe? Journal of Avian Biology, 34 (3), 288–297. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1034/j.1600-048X.2003.03041.x

Sanz, J.J., 1998. Effects of geographic location and habitat on breeding parameters of great tits. The Auk, 115 (4), 1034–1051. DOI: https://doi.org/10.2307/4089520

Sanz, J.J., Tinbergen, J.M., Moreno, J., Orel, M., Verhulst, S., 2000. Latitudinal variation in parental energy expenditure during brood rearing in great tit. Oecologia, 122, 149–154. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/PL00008842

Sasvári, L., Orell, M., 1992. Breeding Success in a North and a Central European population of the great tit Parus major. Ornis scandinavica, 23 (1), 96–100. DOI: https://doi.org/10.2307/3676432

Sather, B.-E., Engen, S., Meller, A.P., Matthysen, E., Adriaensen, F., Fiedler, W., Leivits, A., Lambrechts, M.M., Visser, M.E., Anker-Nilssen, T., Both, C., Dhondt, A.A., McCleery, R.H., McMeeking, T.J., Potti, J., Rostad, O.W., Thomson, D., 2003. Climate variation and regional gradients in population dynamics of two hole-nesting passerines. Proceedings The Royal Society of London Series B-Biological Sciences, 270 (1531), 2397–2404. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1098/rspb.2003.2499

Schmid, H., Luder, R., Naef-Daenzer, B., Graf, R., Zbinden, N., 1998. Schweizer Brutvogelatlas. Verbreitung der Brutvögel in der Schweiz und im Fürstentum Liechtenstein 1993–1996. Schweizerische Vogelwarte, Sempach, 574 pp.

Schmidt, K.A., Rush, S.A., Ostfeld, R.S. 2008. Wood thrush nest success and post-fledging survival across a temporal pulse of small mamma abundance in an oak forest. Journal of Animal Ecology 77: 830–837. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2656.2008.01378.x

Silverin, B., Wingfield, J., Stokkan, K.-A., Massa, R., Järvinen, A., Andersson, N.-Å., Lambrechts, M., Sorace, A., Blomqvist, D., 2008. Ambient temperature effects on photo induced gonadal cycles and hormonal secretion patterns in Great Tits from three different breeding latitudes. Hormones and Behavior, 54, 60–68. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.yhbeh.2008.01.015

Slagsvold, T., 1976. Annual and geographical variation in the time of breeding of the Great Tit Parus major and the Pied Flycatcher Ficedula hypoleuca in relation to environmental phenology and spring temperature. Ornis Scandinavica, 7 (2), 127–145. DOI: https://doi.org/10.2307/3676183

Sotenšek, B. 2012. Prehranski niši simpatričnih vrst sov kozače (Strix uralensis) in lesne sove (Strix aluco) v gnezditvenem obdobju. Diplomsko delo, Ljubljana, Univerza v Ljubljani, pp. 80.

Strusis-Timmer, M., 2009. Habitat associations and nest survival of yellow warblers in California. Master thesis No. 3682. San Jose, San Jose State University, 41 pp.

Tanner, M., Kölliker, M., Richner, H., 2008. Differential food allocation by male and female great tit, Parus major, parents: are parents or offspring in control? Animal Behaviour, 75, 1563–1569. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.anbehav.2007.10.010

Tilgar, V., Mänd, R., Mägi, M. 2002. Calcium shortage as a constraint on reproduction in great tits Parus major: a field experiment. Journal of Avian Biology, 33, 407–413. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1034/j.1600-048X.2002.02990.x

Veistola S., Lehikoinen E., Iso-Iivari L., 1995. Breeding biology of the Great Tit Parus major in a marginal population in northernmost Finland. Ardea 83 (2), 419–420.

Verhulst, S., 1995. Reproductive decisions in great tits. An optimality approach. Doctoral Dissertation, Wiskunde en Natuurwetenschappen an de Rijksuniversiteit Groningen. 184 pp.

Visser, M.E., Holleman, L.J.M., Gienapp, P., 2006. Shifts in caterpillar biomass phenology due to climate change and its impact on the breeding biology of an insectivorous bird. Oecologia, 147, 164–172. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s00442-005-0299-6

Visser, E.M., Adriaensen, F., van Balen, J.H., Blondel, J., Dhondt, A.A., van Dongen, S., du Feu C., Ivankina, E.V., Kerimov, A.B., de Laet, J., Matthysen, E., McCleery, R., Orell, M., Thomson, D.L., 2009a. Variable responses to large-scale climate change in European Parus populations. Proceedings The Royal Society of London Series B-Biological Sciences, 270, 367–372. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1098/rspb.2002.2244

Visser, M.E., Holleman, L.J.M., Caro, S.P., 2009b. Temperature has a causal effect on avian timing of reproduction. Proceedings The Royal Society of London Series B-Biological Sciences, 276, 2323–2331. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1098/rspb.2009.0213

Wesolowski. T., Czeszczewik, D., Rowitiski, P., Walankiewicz, W., 2002. Nest soaking in natural holes – a serious cause of breeding failure? Ornis Fennica, 79, 132–138.

White, G.C., Burnham, K.P., 1999. Program MARK: survival estimation from populations of marked animals. Bird Study, 46 (Suppl), 120–139. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/00063659909477239

Downloads

Published

01.07.2013

Issue

Section

Original Research Paper

How to Cite

Bordjan, D., & Tome, D. (2013). Nest survival of Great Tit Parus major in spatial and temporal gradient. Acta Biologica Slovenica, 56(1), 55-63. https://doi.org/10.14720/abs.56.1.15549

Similar Articles

1-10 of 112

You may also start an advanced similarity search for this article.