Analysis of elementary school pupils’ achievements on the national assessment of knowledge in biology

Authors

  • Jelka Strgar

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.14720/abs.61.1.15880

Keywords:

primary education, achievements, knowledge, biology, national assessment of knowledge

Abstract

The purpose of the national assessment of knowledge (NAK) in Slovenia is to gather feedback information about how the national educational system works and what level of educational aims and standards that are prescribed in the national curriculum is being reached. Thus far, biology has been one of the subjects on the NAK five times. In our survey, we analysed 119 items taken from the last four NAK in biology (2009, 2011, 2014, and 2017) in which 18,730 pupils took part. We were interested in weak and strong sides of the biological knowledge of our pupils at the end of their primary education. We determined that pupils, in general, possess satisfactory basic knowledge of biology. The quality of knowledge of all six tested content units (cell, heredity, and biotechnology; human body; ecology; plants; animals; research, experiments, reading of tables, graphs, and figures) was not significantly different. However, pupils showed the least knowledge about cell, heredity, and biotechnology; therefore, in planning lessons in the future, there should be more emphasis on these three topics. Pupils showed significantly more knowledge on multiple-choice items in comparison to half-open-ended items, which was expected. As also expected, they showed significantly more knowledge on items of the first cognitive level, less on items of the second cognitive level, and the least on items of the third cognitive level. The role of the NAK in biology should remain helping teachers in planning their lessons and, through this, positively influencing pupils’ knowledge.

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Published

01.07.2018

Issue

Section

Original Research Paper

How to Cite

Strgar, J. (2018). Analysis of elementary school pupils’ achievements on the national assessment of knowledge in biology. Acta Biologica Slovenica, 61(1), 47-60. https://doi.org/10.14720/abs.61.1.15880

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