‘Only introduced’ or ‘invasive’: spread of the alga Aulacoseira ambigua f. japonica from Asia to Africa and Europe

Authors

  • Tina Eleršek

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.14720/abs.61.2.15893

Keywords:

algae, Aulacoseira ambigua f. japonica, introduced species, invasive species, scanning electron microscopy

Abstract

Many non-native algal species are found in waters all over the world. Many terms are used to describe such organisms that have expanded their distribution. However, a unified model or concept remains to be defined, as how biological ‘invasions’ are seen depends on the perspective. Understanding invasive organisms is important for biodiversity, science policy and water management. During monitoring sampling at Slivniško Lake (Slovenia) in 2016, the curved diatom Aulacoseira ambigua f. japonica Tuji & D.M. Williams was identified. This species originates from Japan, from where it was described more than 100 years ago. The chronology of the published distributions of A. ambigua f. japonica defines its spread from Japan to Asia, then to western Russia and South Africa, and now to central Europe. This study provides further evidence that A. ambigua f. japonica has become established in Europe (Slovenia), as supported by light microscopy and scanning electron microscopy. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first qualitative and quantitative description of A. ambigua f. japonica in Europe. It has been suggested that the shape of these algal colonies is significant for the interpretation of ecological information, and indeed, also in the present case, spiral colonies were found in this eutrophic water body. Although curved cells and colonies can also be interpreted as (sub)populations or morphological variants, only detailed molecular studies can reveal if these also have taxonomic significance.

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Published

01.12.2018

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Section

Original Research Paper

How to Cite

Eleršek, T. (2018). ‘Only introduced’ or ‘invasive’: spread of the alga Aulacoseira ambigua f. japonica from Asia to Africa and Europe. Acta Biologica Slovenica, 61(2), 39-46. https://doi.org/10.14720/abs.61.2.15893

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