The vascular flora of Kopački rit Nature Park (Croatia)

Authors

  • Vlatko Rožac
  • Dragan Prlić
  • Siniša Ozimec

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.14720/abs.61.2.15894

Keywords:

Kopački rit, flora, Danube, biodiversity

Abstract

Kopački rit Nature Park is a large fluvial-marshy floodplain, situated in the northeastern Croatia, between courses of the Danube and the Drava Rivers. Due to exceptional biological and ecological values of this floodplain area in the middle course of the Danube River, it had been protected since 1967; proclaimed as Nature Park in 1999 and from 2012 is a part of the UNESCO Transboundary Biosphere Reserve Mura-Drava-Danube. This paper lists a total of 522 vascular plant taxa, classified in 295 genera and 96 families, recorded for Kopački rit Nature Park. The list is completed according to checked literature records and data for 114 new taxa, found during the floristic investigation carried outfrom 2010 to 2018. Taxonomic, ecological and phytogeographical analyses are presented. Hemicryptophytes dominate (39.3%) in the biological spectrum, followed by therophytes (23.8%), geophytes (12.6%) and hydrophytes (12.5%). In the chorological spectrum, the most numerous are plants of Eurasian floral elenent (32.8%), followed by Cosmopolites (27.4%), and European floral element (10.7%). Out of 53 recorded allochthonous plants, 26 are invasive alien plant species. According to protection and conservation status at the national level, 55 taxa are listed in the RedBook of Vascular Plants of Croatia and 53 taxa are strictly protected. One species, Marsilea quadrifolia, is listen in Annex II of the Habitat Directive.

References

Anonymous, 1992. Council Directive 92/43/EEC of 21 May 1992 on the Conservation of Natural Habitats and of Wild Fauna and Flora. Official Journal of the European Communities L 206, 35.

Anonymous, 1999. Zakon o Parku prirode „Kopački rit“. Narodne novine, 45.

Anonymous, 2006. Odluka o donošenju Prostornog plana Parka prirode „Kopački rit“. Narodne novine, 24.

Anonymous, 2013a. Uredba o ekološkoj mreži. Narodne novine, 124. Anonymous, 2013b. Pravilnik o strogo zaštićenim vrstama. Narodne novine, 144.

Anonymous, 2013c. Council Directive 2013/17/EU of 13 May 2013 Adapting Certain Directives in the Field of Environment by Reason of the Accession of the Republic of Croatia. Official Journal of the European Union L 158, 56.

Anonymous, 2015. Uredba o izmjenama i dopunama Uredbe o ekološkoj mreži. Narodne novine, 105.

Anonymous, 2016. Pravilnik o izmjenama Pravilnika o strogo zaštićenim vrstama. Narodne novine, 73.

Balátová-Tuláčková, E., Knežević, M., 1975. Beitrag zur Kenntnis der Überschwemmungswiesen in der Drava- und Karašica-Aue (Nord-Jugoslawien). Acta Botanica Croatica, 34(1), 63-80.

Bognar, A., 1990. Geomorfologija Baranje. Savez geografskih društava Hrvatske, Zagreb, 312 pp. Boros, A., 1944a. A lápi csalán (Urtica kioviensis) a Drávaközben. Albertina 1, 113-122.

Boros, A., 1944b. A Veronica peregrina úabb magayroszági előfordulása. Botanikai Közlemények, 41(3-5), 154.

Boros, A., 1946. A Kopácsi ártér növényvilága nagyvízálláskor. Botanikai Közlemények, 43 (1), 21-24. Boršić, I., Milović, M., Dujmović, I., Bogdanović, S., Cigić, P., Rešetnik, I., Nikolić, T., Mitić, B., 2008. Preliminary check-list of invasive alien plant species (IAS) in Croatia. Natura Croatica, 17(2), 55-71.

Ciocârlan, V., 2011. Vascular flora of the Danube Delta. Analele ştiinţifice ale Universităţii „Aexandru Ioan Cuza” Iaşi, 57(1), 41-64.

Cvitan, L., 2014. Početne naznake o prostornoj raznolikosti klime šireg područja Parka prirode „Kopački rit“. Hrvatski meteorološki časopis, 48/49, 63-91.

Domac, R., 2002. Flora Hrvatske. Priručnik za određivanje bilja. Školska knjiga, Zagreb, pp. 504.

Dobrović, I. Nikolić, T., Jelaska S.D., Plazibat, M., Hršak, V., Šoštarić, R., 2006. An evaluation of floristic diversity in Medvednica Nature Park (northwestern Croatia). Plant Biosystems, 140(3), 234-244 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/11263500600756785

Drescher, A., Magnes, M., 2002. Antropochoren im Nationalpark Donau-Auen – Ziel von Bekämpfung- smaßnahmen oder Bereicherung der Biodiversität? 10. Österreichisches Botanikertreffen, BAL Gumpenstein, Tagungsbd, 141-144.

Ellenberg, H., 1988. Vegetation Ecology of Central Europe (4th Edition). Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 731 pp.

Gugić, G., (ed.), 2008. Park prirode Lonjsko polje, živući krajobraz i poplavni ekosustav Srednje Posavine, Plan upravljanja. Bilten Parka prirode Lonjsko Polje, 10 (1), 1-161.

Horvatić, S., 1963. Vegetacijska karta otoka Paga s općim pregledom vegetacijskih jedinica Hrvatskog primorja. Prirodoslovna istraživanja 33, Jugoslavenska akademija znanosti i umjetnosti, Zagreb, 187 pp.

Horvatić, S., Ilijanić, Lj., Marković-Gospodarić, Lj., 1967–1968. Biljni pokrov okolice Senja. Senjski zbornik 3, 298-322.

Ilijanić, Lj., 1968. Die Ordnung Molinietalia in der Vegetation Nordostkroatiens. Acta Botanica Croatica, 26-27(1), 161-180.

Jávorka, S., Csapody, V., 1991. Iconographia Florae Partis Austro-Orientalis Europae Centralis. Akadémiai Kiadó, Budapest, pp. 576.

Jovanović, B., 1965. Biljni svet – osnovne karakteristike autohtone flore i vegetacije Beljskog lovno- šumskog područja. Jelen 3, 61-78.

Knežević, M., 2006. Atlas korovne, ruderalne i travnjačke flore. Poljoprivredni fakultet u Osijeku, Osijek, 402 pp.

Kočić, A., Horvatić, J., Jelaska, S.D., 2014. Distribution and morphological variations of invasive macrophytes Elodea nuttallii (Planch.) H. St. John and Elodea canadensis Michx in Croatia. Acta Botanica Croatia, 73(2), 437-446. DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/botcro-2014-0011

Kovačić, M., Puškadija, Z., Ozimec, S., Majić, I., Sarajlić, A., 2016. Importance of pollinating insects for maintaining sustainable agriculture in eastern Croatia. Journal of Environmental Protection and Ecology, 17(4), 1408-1415.

Marsigli, A. F., 1726. Danubius Pannonico-Mysicus. Tomus Sextus. P. Gosse, R. Chr. Alberts, P. de Hond, Hague; H. Uytwerf, F. Changuion, Amsterdam.

Mihai, D., Oprea, A., Ştefan, N., Sârbu, I., 2011. Vascular wild flora of Danube Delta Biosphere Re- serve. Scientific Annals of the Danube Delta Institute Tulcea, Romania, 17, 15-52.

Mitić, B., Boršić, I., Dujmović, I., Bogdanović, S., Milović, M., Cigić, P., Rešetnik, I., Nikolić. T., 2008. Alien flora of Croatia: proposals for standards in terminology, criteria and related database. Natura Croatica, 17(2), 73–90.

Neilreich, A., 1866. Aufzählung der in Ungarn und Slavonien bisher beobachteten gefässpflanzen nebst einer pflanzengeografischen uebersicht. Wilhelm Braumüller, Wien. DOI: https://doi.org/10.5962/bhl.title.9872

Nikolić, T., 2018. Flora Croatica Database. Department of Biology, Faculty of Science, University of Zagreb. Retrieved March 5, 2018 from http://hirc.botanic.hr/fcd

Nikolić, T., Mitić, B., Boršić, I., 2014. Flora Hrvatske – invazivne biljke. Alfa, Zagreb, 296 pp. Nikolić, T., Topić, J. (eds.), 2005. Crvena knjiga vaskularne flore Hrvatske, kategorije EX, RE, CR, EN i VU. Ministarstvo kulture, Državni zavod za zaštitu prirode, Zagreb, 693 pp.

Ozimec, S., Topić, J., 2018. Macrophytes of the Croatian Danube Reach. In: Janauer, G.A., Kvet, J., Germ, M., Exler, N., Gaberščik, A. (eds.): Macrophytes of the River Danube Basin. Academia, Prague, pp. 252-267.

Panjković, B., 1990. Analiza životnih oblika i flornih elemenata u flori Baranje (Hrvatska). Acta Botanica Croatica, 49(1), 107-123.

Panjković, B., Krizmanić, L., Puzović, S., Stojšić, V., Kovačević, B., Štetić, J., 2000. Significant biodiversity components at Apatinski and Monoštorski rit (YU). International Association for Danube Research, Limnological Reports, 33, 171-178.

Panjković, B., Stojšić, V., 2001. Prilog poznavanju adventivne flore „Gornjeg Podunavlja“. Zaštita prirode, 53 (1), 21-27.

Petrić, I., Stojanović, V., Lazarević, P., Pećinar, I., Đorđević, V., 2010. Florističke karakteristike područja NP „Đerdap“ i njegove neposredne okoline. Zaštita prirode, 61(1), 35-59.

Pignatti, S., 2002. Flora d’Italia, Vols. 1–3. Edagricole, Bologna.

Preston, C.D., 1995. Pondweeds of Great Britain and Ireland. Botanical Society of the British Isles, London, 350 pp.

Purger, D., Csiky, J. 2008. Biljke Banskog brda. University of Pécs, Pécs, 62 pp. Raunkiaer, C., 1937. Plant life forms. The Clarendon Press, Oxford, 104 pp.

Rauš, Đ., 1995. Sto trajnih ploha Republike Hrvatske (Ekološka istraživanja). Glasnik za šumske pokuse, 32, 225-376.

Rauš, Đ., Seletković, Z., Šegulja, N., Topić, J., 1980. Komparativna istraživanja ekosistema u Hrvatskoj.

Šumarski list, 104(5-6), 201-218,

Rauš, Đ., Šegulja, N., Topić, J., 1985. Vegetacija sjeveroistočne Hrvatske. Glasnik za šumske pokuse, 23, 223-355.

Rothmaler, W., 2009. Exkursionsflora von Deutschland 3, Gefäβpflanzen: Atlasband. Spektrum Aka- demischer Verlag, Heidelberg, 822 pp.

Stoyanov, S., 2005. The vascular flora of the catchment basin of the river Roussenski Lom in the beginning of the 21st century. Flora Mediterranea, 15, 51-383.

Tadić, Z., 1999. Hidrološke značajke.. In: Mihaljević, M., Martinčić, J. (eds.): Kopački rit, pregled istraživanja i bibliografija. Hrvatska akademija znanosti i umjetnosti, Centar za znanstveni rad Osijek, Zagreb-Osijek, pp. 24-28.

Tadić, L., Bonacci, O., Dadić, T., 2014. Dynamics of the Kopački rit (Croatia) wetland floodplain water regime. Environmental Earth Sciences, 71(8), 3559-3570. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s12665-013-2747-7

Topić, J., 1989. Vegetation of the Special Zoological Reserve of Kopački rit. Hydrobiologia, 182, 149-160. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00006040

Topić, J., 1999: Flora i vegetacija. In: Mihaljević, M., Martinčić, J. (eds.): Kopački rit, pregled istraživanja i bibliografija. Hrvatska akademija znanosti i umjetnosti, Centar za znanstveni rad Osijek, Zagreb-Osijek, pp. 71-79.

Topić, J., Ozimec, S., 2001. Typha laxmannii Lepechin (Typhaceae), a new species in Croatian flora.

Natura Croatica, 10(1), 61-65.

Topić, J., Šegulja, N., 2005: Biljnogeografski položaj i raščlanjenost Hrvatske. In: Nikolić, T., Topić,

J. (eds.): Crvena knjiga vaskularne flore Hrvatske, kategorije EX, RE, CR, EN i VU. Ministarstvo kulture, Državni zavod za zaštitu prirode, Zagreb, pp. 564-567.

Trinajstić, I., Pavletić, Z., 1978. Azolla filiculoides Lam. u vegetaciji vodenjara istočne Hrvatske. Acta Botanica Croatica, 37(1), 159-162.

Zahirović, Ž., 2000. Rijetke i ugrožene biljne vrste sjeveroistočne Hrvatske. Magistarski rad. Sveučilište u Zagrebu, Prirodoslovno-matematički fakultet, Zagreb

Downloads

Published

01.12.2018

Issue

Section

Original Research Paper

How to Cite

Rožac, V., Prlić, D., & Ozimec, S. (2018). The vascular flora of Kopački rit Nature Park (Croatia). Acta Biologica Slovenica, 61(2), 47-70. https://doi.org/10.14720/abs.61.2.15894

Similar Articles

1-10 of 31

You may also start an advanced similarity search for this article.