Exclamation in Late Archaic Chinese

Authors

  • WANG Aiqing University of Liverpool

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.4312/ala.13.2.59-85

Keywords:

Late Archaic Chinese, sentence exclamations, exclamatives, exclamativity tests

Abstract

Exclamation is constituted of sentence exclamations and exclamatives. Sentence exclamations in Late Archaic Chinese (LAC) are expressives asserting denoted propositions, parallel to their counterparts in modern Mandarin. Sentence exclamations in LAC also indicate that the asserted propositions fail to meet speakers’ expectations, yet such a sense of surprise is not obligatory. Another property of sentence exclamations in LAC is their compatibility with focus structures whose value is reflected in a degree property. As for exclamatives, although they exist in modern Mandarin, they do not exist in LAC. There are exclamatory constructions involving degree adverbials he and heqi, which, according to traditional analyses (Yang & He, 1992, pp. 899-900; Chu, 1994, p. 303), are exclamatives. Nevertheless, I suggest that exclamatory constructions involving he and heqi in LAC fail to pass the exclamativity tests (Zanuttini & Portner 2000, 2003; Badan & Cheng, 2015), disparate from their modern counterparts, so they should not be treated as true exclamatives.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Aldridge, E. (2007). Wh-indefinites and their Relation to Wh-in-Situ. In M. Elliott, J. Kirby, O. Sawada, E. Staraki & S. Yoon (Eds.), Proceedings of the 43rd Meeting of the Chicago Linguistics Society, vol. 2 (pp. 139-153).

Aldridge, E. (2010a). Clause-internal wh-movement in Archaic Chinese. Journal of East Asian Linguistics 19, 1-36.

Aldridge, E. (2010b). Focus and Archaic Chinese Word Order. In L. E. Clemens & C.-M. L. Liu (Eds.), Proceedings of the 22nd North American Conference on Chinese Linguistics (NACCL-22) & the 18th International Conference on Chinese Linguistics (IACL-18), Vol 2, (pp. 84-101). Cambridge, MA: Harvard University.

Badan, L., & Cheng, L. L.-S. (2015). Exclamatives in Mandarin Chinese. Journal of East Asian Linguistics 24, 383-413.

Chu, Y. (1994). Guhanyu biaoda Lihua 古汉语表达例话. Beijiing: China Youth Publishing Group.

Djamouri, R. (2001). Markers of predication in Shang bone inscriptions. In H. Chappell (Ed.), Synchronic and Diachronic Perspectives of the Grammar of Sinitic Languages (pp. 143-171). Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Galambos, I. (2014). Punctuation Marks in Medieval Chinese Manuscripts. In J. Quenzer, D. Bondarev & J.-U. Sobisch (Eds.), Manuscript Cultures: Mapping the Field (pp. 341-358). Berlin: De Gruyter.

Guo, X., Tang, Z., He, J., Jiang, S., & Tian, R. (1999). Gudai hanyu 古代汉语. Beijing: The Commercial Press.

Liao, Z. (1979). Gudai hanyu teshu yufa 古代汉语特殊语法. Huhehaote: Inner Mongolia People’s Publishing House.

Meisterernst, B. (2010). Object Preposing in Classical and pre-Medieval Chinese. Journal of East Asian Linguistics 19, 75-102.

Nouwen, R., & Chernilovskaya, A. (2015). Two types of wh-exclamatives. Linguistic Variation, 15(2), 201-224.

Pan, Y. (1982). Hanyu yufashi gaiyao 汉语语法史概要. Zhengzhou: Zhongzhou Shuhuashe.

Portner, P., & Zanuttini, R. (2000). The force of negation in WH exclamatives and interrogatives. In L. R. Horn & Y. Kato (Eds.), Studies in negation and polarity: Syntactic and semantic perspectives (pp. 201-239). New York and Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Rett, J. (2008). Degree modification in natural language. PhD dissertation, Rutgers University.

Rett, J. (2011). Exclamatives, degrees and speech acts. Linguistics and Philosophy 34, 411-442.

Vanderveken, D. (1990). Meaning and speech acts. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Wang, L. (1980). Hanyu shigao 汉语史稿. Beijing: Zhonghua Shuju.

Wang, L. (2001). Gudai hanyu 古代汉语. Beijing: Zhonghua Shuju.

Wang, L. (2005). Hanyu yufa shi 汉语语法史. Beijing: The Commercial Press.

Wu, F. (1980). Gudai hanyu 古代汉语. Lanzhou: Gansu People’s Publishing House.

Xiang, X., Jing, B., Kang, R., Li, R., & He, Y. (1988). Gudai hanyu zhishi cidian 古代汉语知识词典. Chengdu: Sichuan People’s Publishing House.

Xu, W. (2002). Guhanyu yufa jingjiang 古汉语语法精讲. Shanghai: Shanghai University Press.

Yang, B., & He, L. (1992). Guhanyu yufa ji qi fazhan 古汉语语法及其发展. Beijing: Language and Culture Press.

Yang, J. (2003). Shiyong guhanyu zhishi baodian 实用古汉语知识宝典. Shanghai: Fudan University Press.

Zanuttini, R., & Portner, P. (2000). The characterization of exclamative clauses in Paduan. Language, 76(1), 123-132.

Zanuttini, R., & Portner, P. (2003). Exclamatives clauses: At the syntax-semantics interface. Language, 79(1), 39-81.

Downloads

Published

30.07.2023

How to Cite

Wang, A. (2023). Exclamation in Late Archaic Chinese. Acta Linguistica Asiatica, 13(2), 59–85. https://doi.org/10.4312/ala.13.2.59-85

Issue

Section

Research articles