The Relation Between the View on the Language and Educational Ideology in the Early Meiji Period in Japan Through the Discourse of Regionalism
Keywords:national language policy, vernacular, opaque language, educational thought, late 19th century Japan
In this article, the Japanese language situation in early Meiji period will be analysed from the viewpoint of the provinces. In concrete terms, the origin of the idea that "an opaque language yields an unlcear ideology" – we can often find such a discourse through Meiji, Taisho and early Showa period – will be searched for by using primary sources in northern Kyushu, the southern part of Japan. This kind of idea can be seen in the writings of teachers and professors. Consequently, educational theories and teaching methods which had spread over the country in that period will be clues to analyse this subject. Moreover, I will try to compare the concept of "opaque language" in the Taisho period, during which dialects were considered as the representative example of such a language, with what was considered "opaque language" in the early Meiji period, when the definition of dialect and the concrete form of the standard language were still vague.
Calkins, N. A., Kaneko N. (trans.), Takahashi K. (ed.). Shougaku Jugyou Hikkei. (The Companion to Elementary school classes.) Matsumoto: Keirindo.
Chibaken Jinjou Shihan Gakkou Fuzoku Shougakkou Kyouju Youshi. (Guidelines for Teaching at the Elementary School Affiliated to the Normal School of the Chiba Prefecture) (1893). Ooitaken Kyouritsu Kyouiku Zassi, 104, 18-23.
Hiroike, J. (1888). Shougakkou no Gakki Shiken. (The Semester Examination of Elementary School.) Ooitaken Kyouritsu Kyouiku Zassi, 39, 7-10.
Hojo, S. (1890). Gakuji Shisatsu. (School observation.) Ooitaken Kyouritsu Kyouiku Zassi, 67, 28-35.
Ito, T. (1995). Pestalozzi’s Quest for the “Right” Question-Answer-From : His Proposition and Its Limits. Annual of Educational Study, 12, 81-93. Nara woman’s university.
Kuroda, S. (1889). Tankyuu Kyouju Seiseki Houkoku. (The Report of the One-class School Teaching and Their Learning Results.) Ooitaken Kyouritsu Kyouiku Zassi, 52, 20-31 & 53, 31-41.
Lee, Y. (1996). “Kokugo” to iu Shiso. (The thought of Japanese National Language named “Kokugo”) Tokyo: Iwanami shoten.
Matsubara, K. (1888). Sakubun Kyouju ni Tsuite no Kouan. (Some Ideas for Composition Lesson.) Ooitaken Kyouritsu Kyouiku Zassi, 40, 19-23.
Mieken Jinjou Shihan Gakkou Fuzoku Shougakkou Kyouiku Youshi. (The Rules of Behaviour at the Elementary School Affiliated to The Normal School of the Mie Prefecture) (1893). Ooitaken Kyouritsu Kyouiku Zassi, 104, 18-23.
Mino?, T. (1888). Gengo Renshuu no Hitsuyou. (The Importance of Language Practice.) Ooitaken Kyouritsu Kyouiku Zassi, 39, 5-7.
Miyake, Y. (1929). Hougen Torishirabe Nakama no Shuisho. (Statement of Intent-The Research circle of dialects.) In Bungaku Hakase Miyake Yonekichi Chojutsusyuu Joukan, 849. Tokyo: Meguro Shoten.
Morokuzu, N. (1875). Shōgaku kyōshi hikkei. (The Companion to Elementary School Teacher.) Tokyo: Seizando.
Mukai, G. (1914). Boukokuteki Kyouiku wo Haishite Koukokuteki Kyouiku wo Susumu.(Encouraging Use of Prosperous Education instead of Treasonable one.) Chuuou Kouron, 312, 52-68.
Osa, S. (1998). Kindai Nihon to Kokugo Nashonarizumu. (The Modern Japan and Nationalism in National Language.) Tokyo: Yoshikawa Koubunkan.
Shibata, T. (1958). Nihon no Hougen. (The dialect of Japan.) Tokyo, Iwanami Shinsho.
Shizuokaken Jinjou Shihan Gakkou Fuzoku Shougakkou Kyouju Ippan. (The Teaching Methods at the Elementary School Affiliated to The Normal School of the Shizuoka Prefecture.) (1891). Ooitaken Kyouritsu Kyouiku Zassi, 81, 37-39.
Wakabayashi T. & Shirai, K. (1883). Kaisei Kyoju jutsu. (A Revision of Teaching Techniques)
Yano, M. (1907). Ichi-kou yori. (From Dai-ichi high school.) Shuuyuu, 15, 39-42.
Yasuda, T. (1999). Kokugo to Hougen no Aida – Gengo Kouchiku no Seijigaku. (Between National Language and Dialect – Politics in the construction of Language.) Tokyo: Jinbun shoin.
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2011 Yufuko ICHIMIYA
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
- Authors are confirming that they are the authors of the submitting article, which will be published online in journal Acta Linguistica Asiatica by Ljubljana University Press, Faculty of Arts (University of Ljubljana, Faculty of Arts, Aškerčeva 2, 1000 Ljubljana, Slovenia). Author’s name will be evident in the article in journal. All decisions regarding layout and distribution of the work are in hands of the publisher.
- Authors guarantee that the work is their own original creation and does not infringe any statutory or common-law copyright or any proprietary right of any third party. In case of claims by third parties, authors commit their self to defend the interests of the publisher, and shall cover any potential costs.
- Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work.