Korean Honorifics in Flux: a Case Study of Seoul National University LEI Textbooks
Keywords:Korean language, Korean honorifics, sociolinguistics, Korean society, second language textbooks
This paper aims to demonstrate the close connection between society and politeness styles by analyzing Korean language textbooks for foreign learners published by Seoul National University Language Education Institute from 2000 to 2019. Changes in these textbooks indicate a dynamic interplay between society and language. The study reveals notable shifts in politeness styles, particularly the near-complete replacement of the formal hasipsioche with the polite informal style haeyoche. This paper seeks to connect the observed changes in textbooks and shifts in Korean culture and society. The paper offers a brief introduction to Korean history, society, and culture, highlighting their relevance to the Korean language in general and specifically to Korean in a second language education.
Ahn, J. K. 안정근. (2010). The use of Korean honorifics for the heritage Koreans in the US. Yeongeo yeongmunak yeongu영어영문학연구, 36(3), 235–254. https://doi.org/10.21559/aellk.2010.36.3.013
BBC News. (2018). The rise of fake Amazon reviews. Retrieved from https://www.bbc.com/news/business-44770777
Brown, L. (2008). Contrasts Between Korean And Japanese Honorifics. Rivista Degli Studi Orientali, 81(1/4), 369–385. http://www.jstor.org/stable/41913346
Choo, M. (1999). Teaching Language Styles of Korean. The Korean Language in America, 3, 77–95. http://www.jstor.org/stable/42922234.
Choo, M. (2006). The structure and use of Korean honorifics. In H.-M. Sohn (Ed.), Korean Language in Culture and Society (pp. 132–145). Honolulu: University of Hawai’i Press.
Duolingo. (2020). Global Language Report 2020. [Duolingo Blog]. Retrieved from https://blog.duolingo.com/global-language-report-2020/
Eoneo gyoyugwon sogae 언어교육원소개. (n.d.). Wonjang insa원장 인사. Retrieved from https://lei.snu.ac.kr/mobile/kr/lei/greeting/greeting.jsp
Hanguk minjok munhwa daebakgwa sajeon한국민족문화대백과사전 (Encyclopedia of Korean Culture). (n.d.-a). Geundaegugeo근대국어. Retrieved from https://encykorea.aks.ac.kr/Article/E0007396. Last accessed 14.5.2023.
Hanguk minjok munhwa daebakgwa sajeon한국민족문화대백과사전 (Encyclopedia of Korean Culture). (n.d.-b). Godaegugeo고대국어. Retrieved from https://encykorea.aks.ac.kr/Article/E0003382. Last accessed 14.5.2023.
Hanguk minjok munhwa daebakgwa sajeon한국민족문화대백과사전 (Encyclopedia of Korean Culture). (n.d.-c). Gyeongeo경어. Retrieved from http://encykorea.aks.ac.kr/Article/E0002676. Last accessed 13.5.2023.
Hanguk minjok munhwa daebakgwa sajeon한국민족문화대백과사전 (Encyclopedia of Korean Culture). (n.d.-d). Hyeondaegugeo현대국어. Retrieved from https://encykorea.aks.ac.kr/Article/E0063285. Last accessed 13.5.2023.
Hanguk minjok munhwa daebakgwa sajeon한국민족문화대백과사전 (Encyclopedia of Korean Culture). (n.d.-e). Jungsegugeo중세국어. Retrieved from https://encykorea.aks.ac.kr/Article/E0053799. Last accessed 14.5.2023.
Hanguk minjok munhwa daebakgwa sajeon한국민족문화대백과사전 (Encyclopedia of Korean Culture). (n.d.-f). Yeokgwan역관. Retrieved from https://encykorea.aks.ac.kr/Article/E0036568. Last accessed 13.5.2023.
Hong, J. S., Gwak, S. Y., Gwon, Y. M., Mun, H. S., & Ha, Y. U. (2009). Gugeo nopimbeop pyohyeonui baldal 국어 높임법 표현의 발달. Seoul: Bakmunsa.
Ihm, H. B., Pyo, H. G., & In, J. S. (2005). Singaejeong oegugineul wihan hangugeo munbeop 신개정 외국인을 위한 한국어 문법. Seoul: Yonsei University Press.
Joseon wangjo sillok 조선왕조실록. (n.d.) Gojong sillok 32 gwon, Gojong 31 nyeon 11 wol 21 il 고종실록 32권, 고종 31년11월21일. Retrieved from https://sillok.history.go.kr/id/kza_13111021_002. Last accessed 21.2.2023.
Kang, A. (2018). Negative politeness in Korean questions: Interaction between epistemic uncertainty and conventional indirectness. Language Research, 54(2), 229–247. https://doi.org/10.30961/lr.2018.54.2.229
Kim, B. G. 김병건 (2012). 20-30dae sangdaenopimbeop chegye yeongu 20·30 대 상대높임법 체계 연구. Munbeopgyoyuk 문법교육, 17, 1–32.
Kim, B. R. (2015). Past, Present and Future of Hallyu (Korean Wave). American International Journal of Contemporary Research, 5(5), 154–160.
Kim, D.-S. 김동소. (1997). Hangugeo yeoksaui sidae gubune gwanhan yeongu한국어 역사의 시대 구분에 관한 연구. Gugeogungmunhak국어국문학, 118, 19–31.
Kim-Renaud, Y.-K. (2001). Change in Korean honorifics reflecting social change. In T. E. McAuley (Ed.), Language Change in East Asia (pp. 27–46). Surrey: Curzon Press.
Korean Language Education Center, Language Education Institute, Seoul National University. (n.d.). Introduction to KLEC. Retrieved from https://lei.snu.ac.kr/mobile/en/klec/introduction/klec.jsp
Language Education Institute, Seoul National University. (2000). Hangugeo 1 한국어 1. Seoul: Moonjinmedia.
Language Education Institute, Seoul National University. (2013). Seouldae hangugeo 1A Student’s Book 서울대 한국어 1A Student’s Book. Seoul: TWOPONDS Co.
Language Education Institute, Seoul National University. (2019). Saranghaeyo hangugeo 1 Student’s Book 사랑해요 한국어 1 Student’s Book. Seoul: Seoul National University Press.
Lee, E. H. 이은희. (2010). Hangugeo nopimbeop gyoyuk naeyong yeongu 한국어 높임법 교육 내용 연구. Munbeopgyoyuk 문법교육, 13, 280–315.
Lee, T. H. 이태환. (2008). Hangugeo gyeongeobeop yeoksajoek byeoncheone gwahan yeongu 한국어 경어법 역사적 변천에 관한 연구 (A Study on the Historical Change of the Korean Honorific Expression) [Doctoral dissertation, Kyungwon University].
Lee, I. (2018). Effects of Contact with Korean Popular Culture on KFL Learners’ Motivation. The Korean Language in America, 22(1), 25–45. https://doi.org/10.5325/korelangamer.22.1.0025
Munhwa cheyuk gwangwangbu 문화체육관광부. (n.d.). Sejonghakdang seolchi hyeonhwang deung gwallyeon juyo tonggye (2015nyeon 12wol mal gijun) 세종학당 설치 현황 등 관련 주요 통계(2015년 12월 말 기준). Retrieved from https://www.mcst.go.kr/kor/s_policy/dept/deptView.jsp?pDataCD=0417000000&pSeq=608
Park, S. A. 박새암. (2016). ‘Geundaejeok hangugeogyoyuk hyeongseonggi’ seoljeongui munje ‘근대적 한국어교육 형성기’ 설정의 문제. Eoneowa jeongbo sahoe언어와 정보 사회, 29, 151–180. https://doi.org/10.29211/soli.2016.29..006
Park, S. J. 박석준. (2005). Chogeup hangugeo gyojaeui cheongja nopimbeopje 초급 한국어 교재의 청자 높임법. Hanmalyeongu 한말연구, 17, 85–107.
Park, Y.-G. 박양규. (1991). Gugeo gyeongeobeobui byeoncheon국어 경어법의 변천. Saegugeosaenghwal새국어생활, 1(3), 23–39.
Shin, M. K. (2017). A comparative study of honorific systems in North and South Korea: Shifts since 1950 [Doctoral dissertation, University of York]. White Rose eTheses Online.
Sohn, H.-M. (1999). The Korean Language. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
YSKLI. (n.d.). Hangugeohakdang 한국어학당. Retrieved from https://www.yskli.com/hp/intro/kliIntro001.do?yskliMenuNo=kliIntro001
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2023 Lukman, Klaudija; Ryu, Hyeonsook
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
- Authors are confirming that they are the authors of the submitting article, which will be published online in journal Acta Linguistica Asiatica by Ljubljana University Press, Faculty of Arts (University of Ljubljana, Faculty of Arts, Aškerčeva 2, 1000 Ljubljana, Slovenia). Author’s name will be evident in the article in journal. All decisions regarding layout and distribution of the work are in hands of the publisher.
- Authors guarantee that the work is their own original creation and does not infringe any statutory or common-law copyright or any proprietary right of any third party. In case of claims by third parties, authors commit their self to defend the interests of the publisher, and shall cover any potential costs.
- Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work.