The Construction of a Database to Support the Compilation of Japanese Learners’ Dictionaries


  • Yuriko SUNAKAWA University of Tsukuba
  • Jae-ho LEE University of Tsukuba
  • Mari TAKAHARA University of Tsukuba



Japanese language learners’ dictionary, dictionary editing support, bilingual dictionary, database, list of basic vocabulary for Japanese language learning


The number of Japanese language learners outside Japan, especially of advanced level learners, is increasing yearly. From the intermediate level onwards, they could profit from bilingual Japanese learners’ dictionaries in their native language, but in most linguistic areas of the world only very simple dictionaries for beginners and for tourists are available. Our project therefore aims at supporting the compilation of Japanese language learners’ dictionaries for intermediate and advanced learners by building a database of contents needed when editing a Japanese language learners’ dictionary, and offering it online. This 4 year project is going to be running from 2011 to 2014. Two surveys were conducted: a survey of the vocabulary used in textbooks of Japanese as a foreign language and a quantitative survey on the targeted area of the Japanese language in a large-scale corpus, in order to select the list of words to be included in the database, and a general list of basic vocabulary for Japanese language instruction was created. At present, usage examples are being compiled on the basis of this vocabulary list, and a database system is being developed. A prototype of a database search interface and download system has been completed. The database is going to include various types of information which are considered to be useful for learners, such as grammar, phonetics, synonyms, collocations, stylistics, learners’ errors etc. These are presently being studied in detail to be made public in 2014.


Download data is not yet available.

Author Biography

  • Yuriko SUNAKAWA, University of Tsukuba
    Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, Professor


Amano, S. [天野成昭], Kobayashi, T. [小林哲生] (ed.) (2008). Kihongo deetabeesu - gogibetsu tango shinmitsudo [基本語データベース-語義別単語親密度] ("Database of basic words - Word familiarity index for single subsenses"). Tōkyō: Gakken [学研].

Den, Y. [伝康晴], Ogiso, T. [小木曽智信], Ogura, H. [小椋秀樹], Yamada, A. [山田篤], Minematsu, N. [峯松信明], Uchimoto, K. [内元清貴] & Koiso, H. [小磯花絵] (2007). Koopasu nihongogaku no tame no gengo shigen: keitaisokaisekiyou denshika jisho no kaihatsu to sono ouyou [コーパス日本語学のための言語資源:形態素解析用電子化辞書の開発とその応用] ("The development of an electronic dictionary for morphological analysis and its application to Japanese corpus linguistics"), Nihongokagaku [日本語科学] ("Japanese linguistics") 22: 101-122.

Kawamura, Y. et al. (2012). The Reading Tutor Web Dictionary - Chuta no web jisho [チュウ太のweb辞書]. Retrieved from:

Kudo, T. (2011). MeCab: yet another part-of-speech and morphological analyzer. Retrieved from

Lee, J.[李在鎬] (2011). Nihongo nōryoku shiken no chōsen: Atarashii nihongo nōryoku shiken wo rei ni (Kokusai kōryū kikin jigyō repōto 14) [日本語能力試験の挑戦~新しい日本語能力試験を例に(国際交流基金事業レポート14)] (“The challenge of the Japanese Language Proficiency Test: The case of the new Japanese Language proficiency test” [Japan Foundation Project Report 14]), Nihongogaku [日本語学] (“Japanese Language”) 30(1), 95-107.

National Institute for Japanese Language and Linguistics [国立国語研究所] (ed.) (2004). Bunrui goihyō zouhokaiteiban [分類語彙表増補改訂版] ("Table of vocabulary by semantic categories"). Tokyo: Dainihontosho [大日本図書].

Oshio, K. [押尾和美], Akimoto, M.[秋元美晴], Takeda, A.[武田明子], Abe, Y.[阿部洋子], Takanashi, M.[高梨美穂], Yanagisawa, Y.[柳澤好昭], Iwamoto, R.[岩元隆一], & Ishige, J.[石毛順子] (2008). Atarashii nihongo nōryoku shiken no tame no goi-hyō sakusei ni mukete [新しい日本語能力試験のための語彙表作成にむけて] (“Towards a new vocabulary list for the new Japanese Language Proficiency Test”), Kokusai kōryū kikin nihongokyōiku kiyō [国際交流基金日本語教育紀要] ("Japan Foundation Japanese Language Journal"), 4,71-86.



23. 10. 2012



Research articles (Project reports)

How to Cite

SUNAKAWA, Y., LEE, J.- ho, & TAKAHARA, M. (2012). The Construction of a Database to Support the Compilation of Japanese Learners’ Dictionaries. Acta Linguistica Asiatica, 2(2), 97-115.