The Typology of Āmreḍita Compounds in the Ṛgveda
Keywords:Vedic Linguistics, Ṛgvedic Exegesis, Typology of Nominal Compounds, Vedic Compounds, Āmreḍita word-groups
Āmreḍita compounds in the Ṛgveda are considered to be a type of coordinative nominal constructions, closely related to dvandva compounds. This article investigates āmreḍita compounds against the background of other coordinative nominal constructions from Ṛgveda 1.1–1.50 which were analysed and compared with their parallel attestations in other maṇḍalas of the Ṛgveda. The first fifty hymns of the Ṛgveda form an organic whole: they belong to the middle period in the Ṛgvedic chronology and address a rich variety of deities, providing a substantial amount of material to address the typological problems of āmreḍita compounds. The article overviews the problems related to the typology of āmreḍita compounds, their analysis in the Ṛgvedapadapāṭha and the Aṣṭādhyāyī, examines all āmreḍita compounds attested in Ṛgveda 1.1–1.50 and compares them with dvandva compounds, noting their interrelations, similarities and differences and consequently, identifies some of their typological features.
Cardona, G. (1996). “Āmreḍita compounds?” In Veda-vyākaraṇa-Vyākhyāna: Festschrift Paul Thieme zum 90. Geburtstag am 18. März 1995, ed. by H. Schmidt and A. Wezler. Studien zur Indologie und Iranistik 20. Reinbek: Verlag für Orientalische Fachpublikationen, 67–72.
Collitz, H. (1882). “Ueber eine besondere Art vedischer Composita.” Verhandlungen des fünften internationalen Orientalisten-Congresses: gehalten zu Berlin im September 1881, vol. II, 2. Berlin: A. Asher & Co. Weidmannsche Buchhandlung, 287–298.
Delbrück, B. (1893). Vergleichende Syntax der indogermanischen Sprachen. Theil 3. Grundriss der vergleichenden Grammatik der indogermanischen Sprachen, by K. Brugmann and B. Delbrück. Band 3. Strassburg: Karl J. Trübner.
Ditrich, T. (2009). “Chronological Relationship between the Ṛgvedasaṃhitā, the Ṛgvedapadapāṭha, and the Aṣṭādhyāyī Revisited”. Paper presented at the 14th World Sanskrit Conference, Kyoto University, Japan, 01–05 September 2009. [forthcoming]
Ditrich, T. (2007). “Stylistic Analysis of Coordinative Nominal Constructions for Dual Deities in the Rgveda”. In Proceedings of the 13th World Sanskrit Conference, Edinburgh, July 2006. Delhi: Motilal Banarsidass. [forthcoming]
Ditrich, T. (2006). “Dvandva Compounds and the Chronology of the Rgveda”. Crossroads 1 (Autumn 2006), 26–35 (Website: http://uq.edu.au/crossroads/).
Dressler, W. (1968). “Ved. divé-dive und die idg. Iterativkomposita.” In Studien zur Sprachwissenschaft und Kulturkunde: Gedenkschrift für Wilhelm Brandenstein (1898–1967), ed. by M. Mayrhofer. Innsbrucker Beiträge zur Kulturwissenschaft, Band 14. Innsbruck: AMŒ, 39–46.
Dunkel, G. E. (1981). “Āmreḍita and iteration of preverbs in Vedic and Hittite.” Zeitschrift für vergleichende Sprachforschung begründet von Adalbert Kuhn 95, 214–231.
Elizarenkova, T. IA. (1987). Vediiskii iazyk. Moskva: Nauka.
Gonda, J. (1975). Vedic Literature: Saṃhitās and Brāhmaṇas. A History of Indian Literature, vol. I, fasc. 1. Wiesbaden: Otto Harrassowitz.
Jha, V. N. (1992). A Linguistic Analysis of the Ṛgveda-padapāṭha. Sri Garib Dass Oriental Series No. 142, Pre-Pāṇinian Grammatical Traditions (Part 1). Delhi: Sri Satguru Publications.
Joshi, S. D. & Roodbergen, J. A. F. (eds., trans.). (1974). Vyākaraṇa-Mahābhāṣya: Bahuvrīhidvandvāhnika (P. 2.2.23–2.2.38), Publications of the Centre of Advanced Study in Sanskrit, Class C, No. 9 (Poona: University of Poona).
Joshi, S. D. & Roodbergen, J. A. F. (1993). The Aṣṭādhyāyī of Pāṇini: With Translation and Explanatory Notes, vol. 2 (1.2.1–1.2.73). New Delhi: Sahitya Akademi.
Macdonell, A. A. (1910). Vedic Grammar. Strassburg: Karl Trübner.
Oldenberg, H. (1888). Die Hymnen des Ṛigveda. Band I: Metrische und textgeschichtliche Prolegomena. Berlin: Wilhelm Hertz.
Renou, L. (1952). Grammaire de la langue védique. Collection “Les langues du monde”, vol. 9. Paris: IAC.
Renou, L. (1961). Grammaire sanscrite. Paris: Adrien-Maisonneuve.
Salus, P. H. (1963). “On the Origin of the Dvandva.” Orbis 12 (2), 551–554.
Wackernagel, J. (1957). Altindische Grammatik: Einleitung zur Wortlehre, Nominalkomposition. Band II,1, 2nd ed. Göttingen: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht.
Whitney, W. D. (1964). Sanskrit Grammar. 2nd ed. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
Witzel, M. (1997). “The Development of the Vedic Canon and its Schools: The Social and Political Milieu.” In Inside the Texts, Beyond the Texts, ed. by Michael Witzel Harvard Oriental Series, Opera Minora, vol. 2. Cambridge, MA: Department of Sanskrit and Indian Studies, Harvard University, 257–345.
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2011 Tamara DITRICH
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
- Authors are confirming that they are the authors of the submitting article, which will be published online in journal Acta Linguistica Asiatica by Ljubljana University Press, Faculty of Arts (University of Ljubljana, Faculty of Arts, Aškerčeva 2, 1000 Ljubljana, Slovenia). Author’s name will be evident in the article in journal. All decisions regarding layout and distribution of the work are in hands of the publisher.
- Authors guarantee that the work is their own original creation and does not infringe any statutory or common-law copyright or any proprietary right of any third party. In case of claims by third parties, authors commit their self to defend the interests of the publisher, and shall cover any potential costs.
- Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work.