Assessing the Quality of Persian Translation of Orwell's Nineteen Eighty-four Based on House's Model: Overt-covert Translation Distinction


  • Hossein Heidani TABRIZI MA in Translation Studies, Department of Foreign Languages, Khorasgan (Isfahan) Branch, Islamic Azad University
  • Azizeh CHALAK
  • Amir Hossein TAHERIOUN



translation, quality, assessment, House, Nineteen Eighty-Four, Orwell


This study aimed to assess the quality of Persian translation of Orwell's (1949) Nineteen Eighty-Four by Balooch (2004) based on House's (1997) model of translation quality assessment. To do so, about 10 percent of the source text was randomly selected. The profile of the source text register was produced and the genre was realized. The source text profile was compared to the translation text profile. The result of this comparison was dimensional mismatches and overt errors. The dimensional mismatches were categorized based on different dimensions of register. The overt errors which were based on denotative mismatches and target system errors were categorized into omissions, additions, substitutions, and breaches of the target language system. Then, the frequencies of occurrences of subcategories of overt errors along with their percentages were calculated. The dimensional mismatches and a large number of major overt errors including omissions and substitutions indicated that the translation was not in accordance with the House's view stating that literary works needed to be translated overtly. Mismatches on different levels of register showed that the cultural filter was applied in translation and the second-level functional equivalence required for overt translation was not reached. Therefore, the Persian translation of Nineteen Eighty-Four did not fulfill the criteria to be an overt translation.


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Author Biography

Hossein Heidani TABRIZI, MA in Translation Studies, Department of Foreign Languages, Khorasgan (Isfahan) Branch, Islamic Azad University

Islamic Azad University


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How to Cite

TABRIZI, H. H., CHALAK, A., & TAHERIOUN, A. H. (2015). Assessing the Quality of Persian Translation of Orwell’s Nineteen Eighty-four Based on House’s Model: Overt-covert Translation Distinction. Acta Linguistica Asiatica, 4(3), 29–42.



Research articles