A Phonemic and Acoustic Analysis of Hindko Oral Stops


  • Haroon Ur RASHID University of Azad Jammu and Kashmir
  • Raja Nasim AKHTAR University of Azad Jammu and Kashmir




Hindko oral stops, phonemic analysis, acoustic analysis, VOT, closure duration, burst


Hindko is an Indo-Aryan language that is mainly spoken in Khyber Pukhtoonkhaw province of Pakistan. This work aims to identify the oral stops of Hindko and determine the intrinsic acoustic cues for them. The phonemic analysis is done with the help of minimal pairs and phoneme distribution in contrastive environments which reveals that Hindko has twelve oral stops with three way series. The acoustic analysis of these segments shows that intrinsically voice onset time (VOT), closure duration and burst are reliable and distinguishing cues of stops in Hindko.


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Author Biography

Haroon Ur RASHID, University of Azad Jammu and Kashmir

Assistant Proffessor


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How to Cite

RASHID, H. U., & AKHTAR, R. N. (2014). A Phonemic and Acoustic Analysis of Hindko Oral Stops. Acta Linguistica Asiatica, 4(1), 9–28. https://doi.org/10.4312/ala.4.1.9-28



Research articles