Praksa akademske in aplikativne arheologije v Sloveniji iz perspektive socialne epistemologije

Avtorji

  • Predrag Novaković Univerza v Ljubljani, Filozofska fakulteta, Oddelek za arheologijo

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.4312/ars.17.2.41-58

Ključne besede:

slovenska arheologija, arheološka praksa, socialna epistemologija, akademska arheologija, preventivna arheologija, aplikativna arheologija

Povzetek

V relativno številni bibliografiji arheološke teorije in epistemologije je bil vpliv prakse na epistemologijo arheologije nekoliko slabše raziskan, čeprav je v zadnjih treh desetletjih prav v arheološki praksi pršlo do korenitih sprememb. Omenili bomo samo tri medseboj povezane trende: izjemna količinska rast arheološkeg terenskega dela, več kot 90% vseh terenskih projektov se izvaja v okviru varstva dediščine in da je arheologija dejansko postala podatkovno gnana veda, ki so ustvarili nove okoliščine, ki predstavljajo izziv za tradicionalno epistemologijo in zahtevajo premislek iz perspektive socialne epistemologije. V prispevku želimo preučiti določene socialno-epistemološke vidike sodobne arheološke prakse v Sloveniji, kjer sta se oblikovali dve različni skupini raziskovalcev, akademski arheologi in terenski strokovnjaki. Razlika med obema skupinama je pričela izrazito naraščati od konca devetdesetih let, ko je bila v Slovenijo vpeljana preventivna arheologija, kot rezultat zakonodajnih sprememb na področju varstva kulturne dedičine in nastajanja tržnega modela v arheologiji. Te spremembe so odprle serijo vprašanj o epistemičnih učinkih v novih okoliščinah, npr. kako ti dve skupini raziskovalcev prispevata k arheološkem znanju, kako je strukturirano in organizirano njuno pridobivanje znanja, kateri družbeni dejavniki učinkujejo na pridobivanje znanja, in vprašanje o oblikah epistemične asimetrije.

Prenosi

Podatki o prenosih še niso na voljo.

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Objavljeno

21.12.2023

Kako citirati

Novaković, P. (2023). Praksa akademske in aplikativne arheologije v Sloveniji iz perspektive socialne epistemologije. Ars & Humanitas, 17(2), 41–58. https://doi.org/10.4312/ars.17.2.41-58