Historična arheologija na stičišču arheologije in zgodovine

Zgodovina iz stvari ali arheologija z besedili?

Avtorji

  • Katarina Predovnik Univerza v Ljubljani, Filozofska fakulteta, Oddelek za arheologijo

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.4312/ars.17.2.91-106

Ključne besede:

historična arheologija, srednjeveška arheologija, posrednjeveška arheologija, arheologija in zgodovina

Povzetek

Članek obravnava razmerje med arheologijo in zgodovinopisjem z vidika historične arheologije. Ta ni enovito znanstveno podpodročje in jo je mogoče opredeliti na različne načine. V tem članku izraz historična arheologija zaradi priročnosti uporabljamo kot krovno poimenovanje za (poznejšo) srednjeveško in posrednjeveško arheologijo ter arheologijo sodobnosti.

Historična arheologija je prvenstveno arheologija, saj se osredotoča na materialne ostanke in gradi znanstvena spoznanja o preteklosti (zgodovino) iz stvari. Vendar lahko podatke, pridobljene iz materialnih virov, dopolnjuje in sooča z drugimi viri (besedilnimi, slikovnimi, ustnimi), zatorej je arheologija z besedili. To predstavlja metodološki in epistemološki izziv. Mnogi opozarjajo na nevarnost »tiranije zgodovinskih virov«, nekritičnega zanašanja na besedilne informacije in dajanja prednosti le-tem v primerjavi z materialnimi podatki. 

Številne (historične) arheologe so navdihnili različni koncepti in pristopi iz zgodovinopisja, kot so denimo kulturna zgodovina, analovska šola družbene in ekonomske zgodovine, Braudelov koncept dolgega trajanja, zgodovina vsakdana (Alltagsgeschichte) in mikrozgodovina. Obratno pa večina zgodovinarjev spoznanj arheologov ne upošteva. To je vredno obžalovanja, saj materialni viri ponujajo pomembne uvide v nekdanje življenjske svetove in jih ne bi smeli prezreti. 

 

Prenosi

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Objavljeno

21.12.2023

Kako citirati

Predovnik, K. (2023). Historična arheologija na stičišču arheologije in zgodovine: Zgodovina iz stvari ali arheologija z besedili?. Ars & Humanitas, 17(2), 91–106. https://doi.org/10.4312/ars.17.2.91-106