COVID-19, Digital Tracking Control and Chinese Cosmotechnology
Keywords:digital technology, ontology of digital objects, China and the Sinic region, COVID-19
The COVID-19 pandemic has opened our eyes to numerous global problems that can only be solved on a global scale. Especially in light of the good performance of the Sinic region in containing and eliminating the coronavirus, the importance of intercultural dialogue between East and West became even more evident. In this context, this paper explores the role of digital technologies and the underlying ontology of digital objects in China as well as in the wider Sinic region. Indeed, the third millennium, which has just begun and will witness the accelerating trends of global warming and most likely the deepening of the gap between rich and poor, numerous wars, and new pandemics, will certainly be marked by the development of digital technologies. Therefore, the paper investigates the specific features of traditional Sinic perceptions of technology as such, as well as their ideational underpinnings, which certainly influence specific Sinic perceptions of digital objects. This will, I hope, provide us with a better understanding of the cultural conditionality of differences and commonalities in the global processes of digitalization and their ontological underpinnings, so that we can pay more attention to both the dangers and the opportunities that cross-cultural interactions in this area can offer us.
Arendt, Hannah. 1998. The Human Condition. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Bauer, Wolfgang. 2000. Geschichte der chinesichen Philosophie. München: C.H. Beck.
BBC News. 2020. “Covid: Merkel Warns of ‘Long, Hard Winter’ as Lockdowns Return.” Accessed November 7, 2020. https://www.bbc.com/news/world-europe-54728893.
Buras, Piotr. 2020. “First Hungary, now Poland. It’s time for Europeans to Speak Out Against COVID-19 Power Grabs.” Euronews, April 15, 2020. Accessed November 7, 2020. https://www.euronews.com/2020/04/15/first-hungary-now-poland-time-for-europeans-to-speak-out-against-covid-19-power-grabs-view.
Cohen, S. Marc in C. D. C. Reeve. 2020. “Aristotle’s Metaphysics.” In The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy (Winter 2020 Edition), edited by Edward N. Zalta. Accessed December 15, 2020. https://plato.stanford.edu/archives/win2020/entries/aristotle--metaphysics/.
Dunker, Anders. 2020. “On Technodiversity: A Conversation with Yuk Hui.” Los Angeles Review of Books, June 9, 2020: 1–23. Accessed October 20, 2020. https://lareviewofbooks.org/article/on-technodiversity-a-conversation-with-yuk-hui/.
Floridi, Luciano. 2014. “The Rise of MASs.” In Protection of Information and the Right to Privacy – A New Equilibrium?, edited by Luciano Floridi, 95–122. New York, Dordrecht, London: Springer.
Heidegger, Martin. 1969. “Interview mit Richard Wisser (1969).” Accessed December 6, 2020. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=k7S0xER_cg0.
——. 1979. “The Question Concerning Technology.” In The Question Concerning Technology and Other Essays, translated by William Lovit, 3–35. New York/London: Garland Publishing, Inc. Accessed March 19, 2021. https://monoskop.org/images/4/44/Heidegger_Martin_The_Question_Concerning_Technology_and_Other_Essays.pdf.
——. 2000. “Die Frage nach der Technik.” In Gesamtausgabe I, 7: 5–36. Frankfurt/Main: Vittorio Klostermann.
Heubel, Fabian. 2019. “Beyond Murderous Dialectics: On the Heritage of Paradoxical Thinking in Maoism.” Asian Studies 7 (1): 37–54. https://doi.org/10.4312/as.2019.7.1.37-54.
Huang Yasheng, Sun Meicen, and Sui Yuze. 2020. “How Digital Contact Tracing Slowed Covid-19 in East Asia.” Harvard Business Review, April 15, 2020. Accessed November 7, 2020. https://hbr.org/2020/04/how-digital-contact-tracing-slowed-covid-19-in-east-asia.
Hui, Yuk. 2016a. The Question Concerning Technology in China: An Essay in Cosmotechnics. Falmouth: Urbanomic.
——. 2016b. On the Existence of Digital Objects. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press.
——. (Xu Yu) 许煜.2017a. “Shumahua shidai keji he rewende qiji 数码化时代科技和人文的契机 (Possibilities of Technology and Humanities in The Digital Era).” Wenhua congheng 2017 (5): 20–27.
——. 2017b. “Cosmotechnics as Cosmopolitics.” e-flux journal# 86, November 8, 2017: 1–11. Accessed December 5, 2020. https://www.e-flux.com/journal/86/161887/cosmotechnics-as-cosmopolitics/.
——. (Xu Yu) 许煜. 2018. “‘Qi’ yu ‘dao’: chao renleizhuyi weilaide yizhong huiying ‘器’ 与 ‘道’: 超人类主义未来的一种回应 (A Reply Regardgin the Future of Humanism).” Shehui kexue bao 2018 (6): 1–2.
——. 2019. “What Begins After the End of the Enlightenment?” e-flux journal# 96, January 17, 2019: 1–10. Accessed November 13, 2020. https://www.e-flux.com/journal/96/245507/what-begins-after-the-end-of-the-ewnlightenment/#:~:text=The%20end%20of%20the%20Enlightenment%20has%20to%20begin,sensitivity%20to%20resolve%20tensions%20within%20increasingly%20isolated%20groupings.
Jiang, Xinyan. 2002. “Zhang Dongsun: Pluralist Epistemology and Chinese Philosophy.” In Contemporary Chinese Philosophy, edited by Cheng Chung-Ying, and Nicholas Bunnin, 57–81. Oxford: Blackwell Publishers.
Kempter Streib, Kathleen, and Victor L. Streib. 1978. “Social Control in Traditional China.” International Journal of Comparative and Applied Criminal Justice 2 (2): 207–18, DOI: 10.1080/01924036.1978.9688661.
Kim, Tammy. 2020. “Audrey Tang on her “Conservative-Anarchist” Vision for Taiwan’s Future.” Rest of World: Reporting Global Tech Stories, September 29, 2020. Accessed December 12, 2020. https://restofworld.org/2020/audrey-tang-the-conservative-anarchist/.
Kostka, Genia. 2019. “China’s Social Credit Systems and Public Opinion: Explaining High Levels of Approval.” New Media and Society 21 (7): 1565–93.
Lanier, Jaron, and Glen Weyl. 2020. “AI Is an Ideology, Not a Technology.” Wired, March 15, 2020. Accessed November 7, 2020. https://www.wired.com/story/opinion-ai-is-an-ideology-not-a-technology/.
Leroi-Gourhan, André. 1945. Milieu et techniques. Paris: Albin Michel.
Li, Zehou, and Jane Cauvel. 2006. Four Essays on Aesthetics: Toward a Global View. Lanham: Lexington Books.
Li, Zehou 李澤厚. 2016. Renleixue lishi bentilun 人類學歷史本體論 (Anthropo-Historical Ontology). Qingdao: Qingdao chuban she.
Lunyu s.d. (The Analects). Chinese Text Project. Pre-Qin and Han. Accessed July 7, 2020. https://ctext.org/analects.
Rockmore, Tom. 2019. “Hegel and Chinese Marxism.” Asian Studies 7 (1): 55–73. https://doi.org/10.4312/as.2019.7.1.55-73.
Rošker, Jana S. 2008. Searching for the Way: Theories of Knowledge in Pre-Modern and Modern China. Hong Kong: Chinese University Press.
——. 2018. “Strukturna zveza zavesti ter zunanjega sveta v kitajski tradiciji.” Asian Studies 6 (1):161–81.
——. 2021. Kriza kot nevarnost in upanje: etike pandemij, razcvet avtokracij in sanje o avtonomiji v transkulturni perspektivi. Ljubljana: Znanstvena založba FF.
Simodon, Gilbert. 1980. On the Mode of Existence of Technical Objects. Translated by Ninian Mellamphy. Oshawa: University of Ontario.
Stiegler, Bernard. 2016. “Foreword.” In On the Existence of Digital Objects, author Yuk Hui, vii–xiv. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press.
Tian, Chenshan. 2019. “Mao Zedong, Sinization of Marxism, and Traditional Chinese Thought Culture.” Asian Studies 7 (1): 13–37. https://doi.org/10.4312/as.2019.7.1.13-37.
Zhang, Dongsun 張東蓀. 1995. Lixing yu liangzhi – Zhang Dongsun wenxuan 理性與良知 - 張東蓀文選 (Reason and Original Knowledge—Selected Works by Zhang Dongsun). Edited by Zhang Rulun. Shanghai: Yuandong chuban she.
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2022 Jana S. ROŠKER
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
- Authors are confirming that they are the authors of the submitting article, which will be published (print and online) in journal Asian Studies by Znanstvena založba Filozofske fakultete Univerze v Ljubljani (University of Ljubljana, Faculty of Arts, Aškerčeva 2, 1000 Ljubljana, Slovenia). Author’s name will be evident in the article in journal. All decisions regarding layout and distribution of the work are in hands of the publisher.
- Authors guarantee that the work is their own original creation and does not infringe any statutory or common-law copyright or any proprietary right of any third party. In case of claims by third parties, authors commit their self to defend the interests of the publisher, and shall cover any potential costs.
- Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work.