The Motherboard of Myriad Things

Daoism, Zhuangzi, and the Internet


  • Billy WHEELER VinUniversity, Hanoi, Vietnam



Daoism, Zhuangzi, Laozi, technology, wuwei, xinzhai


Machines, instruments and tools offer many benefits, but according to the classical Daoists—Laozi and Zhuangzi—they can also interfere with living a life in harmony with nature. Despite this, the Zhuangzi offers numerous stories of individuals who use technologies whilst exemplifying the virtues of a sage, although how this is achieved is not well understood. I examine two recent interpretations and argue that they are problematic on both philosophical and interpretative grounds. In their place I offer a new solution based on comparing Zhuangzi with recent studies of the effects of the internet on the way we think.


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How to Cite

Wheeler, B. (2022). The Motherboard of Myriad Things: Daoism, Zhuangzi, and the Internet. Asian Studies, 10(1), 425–446.