Johann Michael Haydn’s Missa Sancti Hieronymi: An Unusual Eighteenth-Century Tribute to Saint Jerome

Authors

  • Jane Schatkin Hettrick Rider University, Lawrenceville (New Jersey), United States

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.4312/clotho.3.2.129-144

Keywords:

Johann Michael Haydn, Archbishop Colloredo, Enlightenment, Emperor Joseph II, Salzburg

Abstract

Johann Michael Haydn (1737–1806), court musician to the prince-archbishop of Salzburg, composed the Missa Sancti Hieronymi in 1777, apparently intended to mark the name-day of his employer: 30 September, the feast-day of St. Jerome. Because of its wind-band scoring, this Mass is unique, not only among Haydn’s Masses, but also in the Mass repertoire of Salzburg, and apparently in that of all late eighteenth-century Austria. The present article discusses the environment in which Haydn functioned and its effect on the practice of church music in Salzburg and generally in Catholic Austria. Haydn’s employer, Archbishop Colloredo, was a proponent of Enlightenment thinking. He expressed in his Hirtenbrief of 1782 ideas opposed to the kind of sacred music then prevalent in Austria, in particular, the orchestral Mass. Reflective of the new Gottesdienstordnung promulgated by Emperor Joseph II, the proposed changes include the introduction of congregational hymns in the vernacular and severe reduction in numbers of liturgies and the amount of music allowed in them. Colloredo finds support for his ideas in the writings of St. Jerome and other church fathers. Given Haydn’s strong Catholic faith and dedication as a composer of sacred music, the article suggests that although he wrote the Missa as a dutiful servant of his employer, he meant it above all as a tribute to St. Jerome.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Arenas, Erick. “Johann Michael Haydn and the Orchestral Solemn Mass in Eighteenth-Century Vienna and Salzburg.” PhD dissertation, Stanford University, 2013.

Burney, Charles. The Present State of Music in Germany, the Netherlands, and United Provinces. London, 1775. Reprint New York: Broude Brothers, 1969.

Clive, Peter. Mozart and His Circle: A Biographical Dictionary. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1993.

Colloredo, Hieronymus Joseph. “Hirtenbrief auf die am 1ten Herbstm. dieses Jahrs, nach zurückgelegten zwölften Jahrhundert, eintretende Jubelfeyer Salzburgs.” In Der aufgeklärte Reformkatholizismus in Österreich, edited by Peter Hersche, 45–102. Bern: Verlag Herbert Lang, 1976.

Eisen, Cliff. “Salzburg under Church Rule.” In The Classical Era, edited by Neal Zaslaw, 166–187. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice Hall, 1989.

Glöggl, Franz Xaver. Kirchenmusik-Ordnung: Erklärendes Handbuch des musikalischen Gottesdienstes, für Kapellmeister, Regenschori, Sänger und Tonkünstler. Vienna: J. B. Wallishauser, 1828.

Hayburn, Robert F. Papal Legislation on Sacred Music: 95 AD to 1977 AD. Collegeville, MN: The Liturgical Press, 1979. Reprint Harrison, NY, n. d.

Haydn, Johann Michael. Missa Sancti Hieronymi. Edited by Armin Kircher. Stuttgart: Carus-Verlag, 2006.

Hollerweger, Hans. Die Reform des Gottesdienstes zur Zeit des Josephinismus in Österreich. Regensburg: Verlag Friedrich Pustet, 1976.

Jancik, Hans. Johann Michael Haydn: Ein vergessener Meister. Zurich: Amalthea Verlag, 1952.

Jungmann, Joseph A. SJ. The Mass of the Roman Rite: Its Origins and Development. Tr. Francis A. Brunner CSSR, 2 vols. Allen, TX: Christian Classics, 1986.

Mac Intyre, Bruce C. The Viennese Concerted Mass of the Early Classic Period. Ann Arbor, MI: UMI Research Press, 1986.

Mozart: Briefe und Aufzeichnungen, Gesamtausgabe. 7 vols. Edited by Wilhelm A. Bauer and Otto Erich Deutsch. Basel: Bärenreiter, 1962–1975.

Pauly, Reinhard G. “The Reforms of Church Music under Joseph II.” Musical Quarterly 43 (1957): 372–382.

Reformation, Emigration: Protestanten in Salzburg, Ausstellung Oktober 1981, Schloß Goldegg-Pongau, Land Salzburg. Edited by Friederike Zaisberger. Salzburg: Salzburger Landesregierung, 1981.

Robbins Landon, H. C. Haydn: Chronicle and Works, vol. 5, Haydn: The Late Years, 1801–1809. London: Thames and Hudson, 1977.

Schuler, Heinz. “Fürsterzbischof Hieronymus von Colloredo: Herkunft und Ahnenerbe.” Mitteilungen der Internationalen Stiftung Mozarteum 34:1–4 (1986): 1–30.

Sherman, Charles H., and T. Donley Thomas. Johann Michael Haydn (1737–1806): A Chronological Thematic Catalogue of His Works. Stuyvesant, NY: Pendragon Press, 1993.

——— . “The Masses of Johann Michael Haydn: A Critical Survey of Sources.” PhD dissertation, University of Michigan, 1967.

Stelton, Leo F. Dictionary of Ecclesiastical Latin. Peabody, MA: Hendrickson Publishers, 1995.

Zaslaw, Neal. Mozart’s Symphonies: Context, Performance Practice, Reception. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1989.

Downloads

Published

24.12.2021

How to Cite

Schatkin Hettrick, Jane. 2021. “Johann Michael Haydn’s Missa Sancti Hieronymi: An Unusual Eighteenth-Century Tribute to Saint Jerome”. Clotho 3 (2):129-44. https://doi.org/10.4312/clotho.3.2.129-144.

Issue

Section

Articles