“The First Language in My Head”: Student Attitudes to L2 English and L1 Slovene

Authors

  • Monika Kavalir University of Ljubljana
  • Ina Poteko University of Ljubljana

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.4312/elope.19.2.35-61

Keywords:

English, foreign language, mother tongue, Slovene, sociolinguistics

Abstract

With the global spread of English, young people are exposed to it while still acquiring their first language. As the impact of English in Slovenia is relatively under-researched, this study investigates how often and in what situations university students in Slovenia use English, and what attitudes they have to it compared to Slovene. The results are based on 365 respondents, all students of the Faculty of Arts, University of Ljubljana, who filled out an online questionnaire. The results show that Slovene still dominates in everyday communication, but that English has become an essential skill which goes beyond the traditional function of a foreign language. In addition, many respondents already feel it to be an additional first language, with a sizable group reporting a preference for English as their intimate language.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Baker, Colin. 1992. Attitudes and Language. Clevedon: Multilingual Matters. https://doi.org/10.2307/329108. DOI: https://doi.org/10.2307/329108

Council of Europe. 2001. Common European Framework of Reference for Languages: Learning, Teaching, Assessment. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Državni izpitni center. 2021. Nacionalno preverjanje znanja. Letno poročilo o izvedbi v šolskem letu 2020/2021. Ljubljana: Državna komisija za vodenje nacionalnega preverjanja znanja.

Education First. 2018. EF English Proficiency Index. Accessed November 10, 2022. https://www.ef.com/assetscdn/WIBIwq6RdJvcD9bc8RMd/cefcom-epi-site/reports/2018/ef-epi-2018-english.pdf.

European Commission. 2012a. Europeans and Their Languages: Report. Accessed December 19, 2022. https://op.europa.eu/en/publication-detail/-/publication/f551bd64-8615-4781-9be1-c592217dad83.

—. 2012b. First European Survey on Language Competences: Executive Summary. https://ec.europa.eu/assets/eac/languages/library/studies/executive-summary-eslc_en.pdf.

Garrett, Peter. 2010. Attitudes to Language. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Gerenčer, Laura. 2011. “Attitudes of Different Age Groups of Slovene Speakers toward English.” BA thesis, University of Maribor.

Görlach, Manfred. 1988. Even More Englishes: Studies 1996–1997. Amsterdam: John Benjamins. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1075/veaw.g22

Jessner, Ulrike, and Jasone Cenoz. 2007. “Teaching English as a Third Language.” In International Handbook of English Language Teaching, edited by Jim Cummins and Chris Davison, 155–67. New York: Springer. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-0-387-46301-8_12

Kachru, Braj Bihari. 1988. “The Sacred Cows of English.” English Today 16: 3–8. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1017/S0266078400000973

Kalin Golob, Monika. 1994. “Sodobni pogledi na ogroženost slovenščine.” Javnost – The Public 1 (3): 23–37. https://doi.org/10.1080/13183222.1994.11008572. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/13183222.1994.11008572

Kalin Golob, Monika, Gaja Červ, Marko Stabej, and Mojca Stritar. 2013. “Jezikovna politika slovenskega visokega šolstva: stališča do rabe jezikov in priporočila za njeno urejanje.” Slavistična revija 61 (2): 395–411.

Lee, Ju Seong, and Kilryoung Lee. 2019. “Perceptions of English as an International Language by Korean English-Major and Non-English-Major Students.” Journal of Multilingual and Multicultural Development 40 (1): 76–89. https://doi.org/10.1080/01434632.2018.1480628. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/01434632.2018.1480628

Leung, Constant. 2016. “English as an Additional Language – A Genealogy of Language-in-Education Policies and Reflections on Research Trajectories.” Language and Education 30 (2): 158–74. https://doi.org/10.1080/09500782.2015.1103260. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/09500782.2015.1103260

McArthur, Tom. 1987. “The English Languages?” English Today 11: 9–11. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1017/S0266078400013511

McKenzie, Robert M. 2010. The Social Psychology of English as a Global Language: Attitudes, Awareness and Identity in the Japanese Context. Berlin: Springer.

Meisel, Jürgen M. 2011. First and Second Language Acquisition: Parallels and Differences. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9780511862694

Mesthrie, Rajend, and Rakesh M. Bhatt. 2008. World Englishes. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. https://doi.org/10.4324/9780203785416. DOI: https://doi.org/10.4324/9780203785416

Mežek, Špela. 2009. “English in Slovenia: Status, Functions, and Features.” English Today 25 (4): 28–38. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0266078409990423. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1017/S0266078409990423

Novak Lukanovič, Sonja, and David Limon. 2015. “Jezikovna raznolikost in stališča do učenja angleščine v Sloveniji.” Unpublished report. Univerza v Ljubljani.

“Oddelek za anglistiko in amerikanistiko.” 2019. In Slavnostni zbornik ob 100-letnici Filozofske Fakultete Univerze v Ljubljani, edited by Gregor Pompe, 22–25. Ljubljana: Znanstvena založba Filozofske fakultete Univerze v Ljubljani. https://doi.org/10.4312/9789610602033. DOI: https://doi.org/10.4312/9789610602033

Pan, Haiying, Chang Liu, Fan Fang, and Tariq Elyas. 2021. “‘How Is My English?’: Chinese University Students’ Attitudes Toward China English and Their Identity Construction.” SAGE Open 11 (3): 1–15. https://doi.org/10.1177/21582440211038271. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1177/21582440211038271

Percillier, Michael. 2016. World Englishes and Second Language Acquisition: Insights From Southeast Asian Englishes. Amsterdam: John Benjamins. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1075/veaw.g58

Perkon Kofol, Mojca. 2014. “Jezikovna ogroženost in nesamoumevnost: osrednja lastnost slovenske narodno-jezikovne zavesti.” Razpotja: revija humanistov Goriške 5 (15): 4–9.

Peterson, Elizabeth. 2020. Making Sense of “Bad English”: An Introduction to Language Attitudes and Ideologies. London: Routledge. DOI: https://doi.org/10.4324/9780429328343

Phillipson, Robert. 2007. “English, No Longer a Foreign Language in Europe?” In International Handbook of English Language Teaching, edited by Jim Cummins and Chris Davison, 123–36. New York: Springer. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-0-387-46301-8_10

Pisanski Peterlin, Agnes. 2013. “Attitudes towards English as an Academic Lingua Franca in Translation.” Interpreter and Translator Trainer 7 (2): 195–216. https://doi.org/10.1080/13556509.2013.10798851. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/13556509.2013.10798851

Podpečan, Anja. 2017. “Poučevanje angleščine v prvem triletju osnovne šole z uporabo pedagoškega pristopa storyline.” MA thesis, University of Ljubljana.

Poteko, Ina. 2020. “Naslov challenge: jezikovna podoba naslovov slovenskih videoposnetkov na YouTubu.” In Obdobja 39. Slovenščina – diskurzi, zvrsti in jeziki med identiteto in funkcijo, edited by Jerca Vogel, 79–87. https://doi.org/10.4312/obdobja.39.79-87. DOI: https://doi.org/10.4312/Obdobja.39.79-87

Skela, Janez. 2011. “Opredelitev tujejezikovne sporazumevalne zmožnosti v Skupnem evropskem jezikovnem okviru.” Sodobna pedagogika 62 (2): 114–33.

—. 2019. “Razvojni tokovi poučevanja in učenja angleščine v Sloveniji kot alegorija Guliverjevih potovanj v deželo velikanov in palčkov.” In Poti in stranpoti poučevanja tujih jezikov v Sloveniji, edited by Tatjana Balažic Bulc, Jana Kenda, Meta Lah, and Vesna Požgaj Hadži, 9–26. Ljubljana: Znanstvena založba Filozofske fakultete Univerze v Ljubljani.

Sung, Chit Cheung Matthew. 2014. “Hong Kong University Students’ Perceptions of Their Identities in English as a Lingua Franca Contexts.” Journal of Asian Pacific Communication 24 (1): 94–112. https://doi.org/10.1075/japc.24.1.06sun. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1075/japc.24.1.06sun

Šabec, Nada. 2009. “Sloglish or the Mixing/Switching of Slovene and English in Slovene Blogs.” Slavia Centralis 2 (1): 32–42. DOI: https://doi.org/10.17161/SCN.1808.7271

—. 2011. “Slovene-English Language Contact and Language Change.” ELOPE 8 (1): 31–49. https://doi.org/10.4312/elope.8.1.31-49. DOI: https://doi.org/10.4312/elope.8.1.31-49

—. 2014. “Raba slovenščine in angleščine v fizičnem in virtualnem prostoru.” Slavistična revija 62 (3): 395–409.

—. 2016. “O angleščini, njeni vlogi v svetu in v slovenskem visokošolskem izobraževalnem sistemu.” Dialogi 52 (7–8): 65–80.

van Mulken, Margot, and Berna Hendriks. 2015. “Your Language or Mine? Or English as a Lingua Franca? Comparing Effectiveness in English as a Lingua Franca and L1–L2 Interactions: Implications for Corporate Language Policies.” Journal of Multilingual and Multicultural Development 36 (4): 404–22. https://doi.org/10.1080/01434632.201. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/01434632.2014.936873

Downloads

Published

31. 12. 2022

Issue

Section

Special Issue Articles

How to Cite

Kavalir, M., & Poteko, I. (2022). “The First Language in My Head”: Student Attitudes to L2 English and L1 Slovene. ELOPE: English Language Overseas Perspectives and Enquiries, 19(2), 35-61. https://doi.org/10.4312/elope.19.2.35-61