Storytime in English Language Teaching – Teachers’ Practices, Attitudes, and Challenges

Authors

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.4312/elope.20.2.83-101

Keywords:

authentic children’s literature, primary school, story, teaching English as a foreign language

Abstract

The research paper explores how primary school English language teachers in Croatia (N=110) use authentic literature in teaching. The survey examined the teachers’ attitudes, the frequency of use, criteria for text selection, and teaching methods. Additionally, teachers assessed their competences and readiness for using authentic children’s literature. The study found that teachers predominantly choose texts available in coursebooks, on average once a month. They present stories by combining reading aloud and storytelling, with only a few engaging in storytelling alone. Stories are mainly used for teaching vocabulary, but teachers also use them for activities such as dramatizations or discussions. Generally, the teachers reported feeling competent in using stories for teaching English language skills. However, the research revealed some areas that require more attention and support, especially regarding story selection, techniques for implementing stories, and time management. Some aspects of using authentic stories in teaching could be improved by being addressed in pre- and inservice teacher training.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Allwright, Richard. 1979. “Language Learning through Communication Practice.” In The Communicative Approach to Language Teaching, edited by Christopher J. Brumfit and Keith Johnson, 167–82. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Andraka, Marija. 2020. Strani jezik, udžbenik i kultura. Kulturni sadržaji u hrvatskim osnovnoškolskim udžbenicima engleskog jezika. Zagreb: Učiteljski fakultet Sveučilišta u Zagrebu.

Andraka, Marija, and Smiljana Narančić Kovač, eds. 2019. Engleski u primarnom obrazovanju: razvoj i načela zagrebačkoga studija. Zagreb: Učiteljski fakultet Sveučilišta u Zagrebu.

Bland, Janice. 2013. Children’s Literature and Learner Empowerment: Children and Teenagers in English Language Education. London: Bloomsbury.

—. 2015. “Oral Storytelling in the Primary English Classroom.” In Teaching English to Young Learners. Critical issues in Language Teaching with 3–12 year olds, edited by Janice Bland, 183–98. London: Bloomsbury.

—. 2019. “Teaching English to Young Learners: More Teacher Education and More Children’s Literature!” CLELE Journal 7 (2): 79–103. https://clelejournal.org/article-4-teaching-english-young-learners/.

Brewster, Jean, Gail Ellis, and Denis Girard. 2002. The Primary English Teacher’s Guide. Harlow: Penguin English.

Butler, Yuko Goto. 2019. “How Teachers of Young Learners of English Are Educated in East and Southeast Asia: Research-Based Lessons.” In Early Language Learning and Teacher Education: International Research and Practice, edited by Subhan Zein and Sue Garton, 17–38. Bristol: Multilingual Matters.

Cameron, Lynne. 2001. Teaching Languages to Young Learners. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Cantizano, Blasina. 2020. “Fostering Language Acquisition and Intercultural Competence through Authentic Literary Texts: The Use of Short Stories in ELT.” In Using Literature to Teach English as a Second Language, edited by Veronica Membrive and Armie Madalina, 34–51. Hershey, PA: IGI Global.

Clarke, Jane, and Michael Clarke. 1990. “Stereotyping in TESOL Materials.” In Culture and the Language Classroom, edited by Brian Harrison, 31–44. Modern English Publications and the British Council.

Dagarin Fojkar, Mateja, and Tina Rozmanič. 2021. “Teachers’ Conceptualisations and Needs in Developing Foreign Language Literacy Skills at Primary Level.” Croatian Journal of Education 23 (1): 45–63. https://doi.org/10.15516/cje.v23i0.4035.

Dagarin Fojkar, Mateja, Janez Skela, and Pija Kovač. 2013. “A Study of the Use of Narratives in Teaching English as a Foreign Language to Young Learners.” English Language Teaching 6 (6): 21–28. https://doi.org/10.5539/elt.v6n6p21.

Ellis, Gail, and Jean Brewster. 2014. Tell it Again! The Storytelling Handbook for Primary English Language Teachers. The British Council.

Enever Janet. 2011. “Policy.” In ELLiE: Early Language Learning in Europe, edited by Janet Enever, 24–36. The British Council.

Fisher, Robert. 1990. Teaching Children to Think. London: Basil Blackwell.

Gačić, Milica, and Renata Šamo. 2014. “Foreword.” In Early Foreign Language Learning and Teaching: Perspectives and Experience, edited by Milica Gačić and Renata Šamo, 5–7. Zagreb: Faculty of Teacher Education.

—, eds. 2014. Early Foreign Language Learning and Teaching: Perspectives and Experience. Zagreb: Faculty of Teacher Education.

Ghosn, Irma. 2013a. “Humanizing Teaching English to Young Learners with Children’s Literature.” CLELE Journal 1 (1): 39–57. https://clelejournal.org/humanizing_teaching-english_to_young_learners_with_childrens_literature/.

—. 2013b. Storybridge to Second Language Literacy. The Theory, Research and Practice of Teaching English with Children’s Literature. Charlotte, NC: Information Age Publishing.

Hall, Geoff. 2016. “Using Literature in ELT.” In The Routledge Handbook of English Language Teaching, edited by Graham Hall, 456–69. Oxon: Routledge.

Hunte, Bem Le, and Jan Golembiewski. 2014. “Stories Have the Power to Save us: A Neurological Framework for the Imperative to Tell Stories.” Arts and Social Sciences Journal 5 (2): 73–76. https://doi.org/10.4172/2151-6200.1000073.

Kramsch, Claire. 1993. Context and Culture in Language Teaching. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Krashen, Stephen, and Janice Bland. 2014. “Compelling Comprehensible Input, Academic Language and School Libraries.” CLELE Journal 2 (2): 1–12.

Kurikulum nastavnog predmeta Engleski jezik za osnovne škole i gimnazije. 2019. Ministarstvo znanosti i obrazovanja.

Lauš, Ivana, and Smiljana Narančić Kovač. 2008. “Razumijevanje priče i diskursa na engleskom kao stranom jeziku.” In Konferencijski zbornik – Drugi međunarodni specijalizirani znanstveni skup: Rano učenje hrvatskoga jezika 2, edited by Dunja Pavličević-Franić and Ante Bežen, 99–113. Zagreb: Europski centar za napredna i sustavna istraživanja (ECNSI) i Učiteljski fakultet Sveučilišta u Zagrebu.

Lewis, David. 2001. Reading Contemporary Picturebooks: Picturing Text. Oxon: RoutledgeFalmer.

Lovrović, Leonarda, and Cathy-Theresa Kolega. 2021. “Teaching Culture through Reading Literature in English Language Teaching.” ELOPE: English Language Overseas Perspectives and Enquiries 18 (2): 185–203. https://doi.org/10.4312/elope.18.2.185-203.

Mason, Beniko. 2013. “Efficient Use of Literature in Foreign Language Education Free Reading and Listening to Stories.” In Children’s Literature in Second Language Education, edited by Janice Bland and Christiane Lütge, 25–32. London: Bloomsbury Academic.

McRae, John. 1994. Literature with a Small ‘l’. Macmillan Education.

—. 2008. “What is Language and What Is Literature? Are They the Same Question? An Introduction to Literature with a Small ‘l’ and Five Skills English.” Fremdsprachen Lehren und Lernen (FluL) 37: 63–80.

McRae, John, and Roy Boardman. 1984. Reading between the Lines. Integrated Language and Literature Activities. Teacher’s Book. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Mihaljević Djigunović, Jelena, and Marta Medved Krajnović, eds. 2015. Early Learning and Teaching of English: New Dynamics of Primary English. Bristol: Multilingual Matters.

Milković, Ivana, Ivana Cindrić, and Diana Cvitanović. 2023. “U potrazi za izvornim i prilagođenim tekstovima u udžbenicima za rano učenje engleskoga kao stranoga jezika.” Paper presented at XI. međunarodni znanstveni skup DIJETE I JEZIK DANAS Jezik udžbenika – udžbenici jezika. Osijek: Fakultet za odgojne i obrazovne znanosti Sveučilišta Josipa Jurja Strossmayera u Osijeku, October 12–13, 2023.

Ministry of Science and Education. 2023. “Standard for School Libraries.” Official Gazette 17/19 and 98/19. https://mzo.gov.hr/UserDocsImages//dokumenti/Obrazovanje/OpremanjeSkola/Standard-zaknjiznice//Standard-za-skolske-knjiznice.pdf.

Mourão, Sandie. 2015. “The Potential of Picturebooks with Young Language Learners.” In Teaching English to Young Learners. Critical Issues in Language Teaching with 3–12 Year Olds, edited by Janice Bland, 199–218. London: Bloomsbury Academic.

—. 2016. “Picturebooks in the Primary EFL Classroom: Authentic Literature for and Authentic Response.” CLELE Journal 4 (1): 25–43.

Narančić Kovač, Smiljana. 1999. “Dječja književnost u nastavi stranoga jezika.” In Strani jezik u osnovnoj školi, edited by Yvonne Vrhovac et al., 257–71. Zagreb: Naprijed.

—. 2019a. “Dječja književnost i slikovnica u nastavi stranoga jezika.” In Izazovi učenja stranoga jezika u osnovnoj školi, edited by Yvonne Vrhovac et al., 336–57. Zagreb: Ljevak.

—. 2019b. “Nastanak i razvoj studija za učitelje engleskog jezika: zagrebački model.” In Engleski u primarnom obrazovanju, edited by Marija Andraka and Smiljana Narančić Kovač, 15–60. Zagreb: Učiteljski fakultet Sveučilišta u Zagrebu.

Narančić Kovač, Smiljana, and Ivana Lauš. 2011. “Razumijevanje vremenske strukture narativnoga teksta u ranom učenju engleskoga jezika”. In Dijete i jezik danas: Dijete i tekst. Zbornik radova s međunarodnoga znanstvenog skupa, edited by Višnja Pavičić Takač, Vesna Bagarić Medve and Lidija Bakota, 203–26. Osijek: Sveučilište Josipa Jurja Strossmayera u Osijeku.

Petrović, Elvira. 1988. Teorija nastave stranih jezika. Zagreb: Školska knjiga.

Rijavec, Maja. 2015. “How to Outdo the Textbook.” In Children and English as a Foreign Language, edited by Jelena Mihaljević Djigunović, 119–22. Zagreb: FF Press.

Skela, Janez. 2014. “The Quest for Literature in EFL Textbooks – A Quest for Camelot?” ELOPE: English Language Overseas Perspectives and Enquiries 11 (1): 113–36. https://doi.org/10.4312/elope.11.1.113-136.

Stanišić, Ana, and Ivana Milković. 2022. “The Picturebook as a Starting Point: A Case Study of First-Grade Chameleons.” In Trends and Challenges in Foreign Language Education and Research, edited by Ivana Cindrić and Ivana Milković, 44–62. Zagreb: Faculty of Teacher Education, University of Zagreb.

Štokić, Lidvina, and Jelena Mihaljević Djigunović. 2003. “Early Foreign Language Education in Croatia.” In An Early Start: Young Learners and Modern Languages in Europe and Beyond, edited by Marianne Nikolov and Helena Curtain, 41–50. Council of Europe.

Tomlinson, Brian. 2015. “Developing Principled Materials for Young Learners of English as a Foreign Language.” In Teaching English to Young Learners. Critical Issues in Language Teaching with 3–12 Year Olds, edited by Janice Bland, 279–93. London: Bloomsbury.

Vale, David, and Anne Feunteun. 1995. Teaching Children English. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Vrhovac, Yvonne et al., eds. 2019. Izazovi učenja stranoga jezika u osnovnoj školi. Zagreb: Ljevak.

Widdowson, Henry George. 1978. Teaching Language as Communication. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

—. 1990. Aspects of Language Teaching. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Downloads

Published

22.12.2023

How to Cite

Cindrić, I., & Milković, I. (2023). Storytime in English Language Teaching – Teachers’ Practices, Attitudes, and Challenges. ELOPE: English Language Overseas Perspectives and Enquiries, 20(2), 83–101. https://doi.org/10.4312/elope.20.2.83-101

Issue

Section

English Language and Literature Teaching