Motivation and Second Language Acquisition


  • Steve Buckledee University of Cagliari



instrumental motivation, intrinsic motivation


A feature of Italian universities is the high student drop-out rate in nearly all degree courses. It is likely that among the causes of this phenomenon a significant factor is loss of motivation. This study represents the first stage of a longitudinal research project aimed at monitoring students’ motivation levels over a three-year period. At the beginning of the academic year 2008-2009 a questionnaire was administered to 150 newly enrolled students of English at the University of Cagliari in Italy. The closed-response items were designed to measure the respondents’ instrumental and intrinsic motivation. The responses were then considered in the light of the following variables: age, gender, level of competence in English and choice of degree course. The major finding was that a clear majority of respondents reported a considerably higher level of intrinsic than instrumental motivation, while the most significant variables were shown to be competence level and choice of degree.


Download data is not yet available.



16. 06. 2008

How to Cite

Buckledee, S. (2008). Motivation and Second Language Acquisition. ELOPE: English Language Overseas Perspectives and Enquiries, 5(1-2), 159-170.