Tragic Beauty

On the Deianeira of Sophocles

Authors

  • Sergej Valijev

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.4312/keria.23.2.11-25

Keywords:

Sophocles, Trachiniae, Deianeira, tragic irony, tragic recognition

Abstract

The article sheds light on several key aspects of Deianeira’s tragic fate. Beginning with a presentation of Sophocles’ use of tragic irony, which arises from Deianeira’s ignorance of the meaning of her own words, it continues by describing her first tragic recognition: her realisation of the true cause of Heracles’ attack on Oechalia, which shakes the foundations of her life. In her shock she decides on her fateful deed, which cannot be interpreted as mere thoughtlessness but must be considered in the broader frame of her hopeless existential condition. Her second tragic recognition, that is, recognition of the fact that she has inflicted out of love a mortal wound on her beloved, conclusively reinforces her feeling of hopelessness, from which she considers death to be the only exit. However, in her movingly depicted moments of farewell we can once again perceive the tragic beauty of the woman who is paradoxically robbed of the meaning of her life by her steadfast love.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Primarni viri

Campbell, D. A., izd. in prev. Greek Lyric: Bacchylides, Corinna, and Others, 4. zv. Loeb Classical Library 461. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1992.

Easterling, P. E., izd. Sophocles: Trachiniae. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2004.

Frazer, J. G., izd. in prev. Apollodorus: The Library, 1. zv. Loeb Classical Library 121. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1921.

Jebb, R. C., izd. in prev. Sophocles: The Plays and Fragments. Part V: The Trachiniae. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. 1902.

Lloyd-Jones, H., izd. in prev. Sophocles: Antigone. The Women of Trachis. Philoctetes. Oedipus at Colonus. Loeb Classical Library 21. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1994.

Merkelbach, R. in M. L. West, izd. Fragmenta Hesiodea. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1967.

Oldfather, C. H., izd. in prev. Diodorus Siculus: Library of History, Volume II: Books 2.35–4.58. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1935.

Sofokles. Ajant. Trahinke. Filoktet. Prevod Ajanta in Filokteta: K. Gantar. Prevod Trahink: B. Senegačnik. Maribor: Založba Obzorja, 2000.

Sophokles. Die Trachinierinnen (Die Heimkehr des Herakles). Nemški prevod W. Kraus. Stuttgart: Reclam, 1989.

*******

Sekundarna literatura

Beck, A. »Der Empfang Ioles. Zur Technik und Menschengestaltung im ersten Teile der Trachinierinnen«. Hermes 81 (1953): 10–21.

Bowra, C. M. Sophoclean Tragedy. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1944.

Carawan, E.: »Deianira‘s Guilt«. Transactions of the American Philological Association 130 (2000): 189–237.

Gardiner, C. P. The Sophoclean Chorus. A Study of Character and Function. Iowa City: University of Iowa Press, 1987.

Goldhill, S. Sophocles and the Language of Tragedy. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2012.

Kamerbeek, J. C. The Plays of Sophocles: commentaries. Part II. The Trachiniae. Leiden: E. J. Brill, 1959.

Kirkwood, G. M. A Study of Sophoclean Drama. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 1958.

Kraus, W. »Bemerkungen zum Text und Sinn in den Trachinierinnen«, WSt 20 (1986): 87–108.

Kyriakou, P. The Past in Aeschylus and Sophocles. Berlin in Boston: De Gruyter, 2011.

Lefèvre, E. Die Unfähigkeit, sich zu erkennen: Sophokles‘ Tragödien. Leiden: Brill, 2001.

Lesky, A. Die tragische Dichtung der Hellenen. Göttingen: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht, 1972.

Loraux, N. Tragic Ways of Killing a Woman. Angleški prevod A. Forster. Cambridge, MA in London: Harvard University Press, 1987.

Parlavantza-Friedrich, U. Täuschungsszenen in den Tragödien des Sophokles. Berlin: Walter de Gruyter & Co., 1969.

Riemer, P. »Chor und Handlung in den Tragödien des Sophokles«. V: P. Riemer in B. Zimmermann, ur, Der Chor im antiken und modernen Drama, 89–112. Stuttgart: J.B. Metzler, 1998.

Ryzman, M. »Deianeira‘s Moral Behaviour in the Context of the Natural Laws in Sophocles’ ‘Trachiniae’«. Hermes 119 (1991): 385–98.

Seidensticker, B. »Die Wahl des Todes bei Sophokles«. V: J. de Romilly, ur., Sophocle. Sept exposés suivis de discussions, 105–44. Entretiens sur l’antiquité classique 29. Ženeva: Fondation Hardt, 1983.

Senegačnik, B. »Deianeira and her guilt«. Živa antika 53.1–2 (2003): 23–39.

Sulivan, S. D. Sophocles’ Use of Psychological Terminology: Old and New. Ottawa: Carleton University Press, 1999.

Winnington-Ingram, R. P. Sophocles: An Interpretation. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1980.

Published

29.12.2021

How to Cite

Valijev, Sergej. 2021. “Tragic Beauty: On the Deianeira of Sophocles”. Keria: Studia Latina Et Graeca 23 (2):11-25. https://doi.org/10.4312/keria.23.2.11-25.

Issue

Section

Articles