Five Private Christian Letters from Egypt

Authors

  • Sergej Valijev Research Centre of the Slovenian Academy of Sciences and Arts, Institute of Slovenian Literature and Literary Studies, Ljubljana, Slovenia

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.4312/keria.24.2.153-168

Keywords:

Christian letters from late antiquity, early Christian community in Egypt, bishop Sotas, Oxyrhynchus

Abstract

The article discusses five private letters found in Egypt, dating from the 3rd and 4th centuries A.D.: P. Bour. 25, PSI X 1161, P. Oxy 12 1492, PSI III 208 and PSI IX 1041. There is sufficient evidence for ascribing them to Christian authors. The indications allowing such identification are particularly the opening and closing formulae and the use of nomina sacra. The letters of Sotas, who was probably the bishop of Oxyrhynchus in the second half of the 3rd century, provide some data about the ecclesiastic organisation in this period. Furthermore, the paper draws attention to those orthographic and grammatical characteristics of the documents which deviate from the language norms of the classical period. These features grant us some insight into this stage of development of the Greek language.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Izdaje pisem

P. Bour.: P. Collart, izd. Les Papyrus Bouriant. Paris: Honoré Champion, 1962.

P. Oxy 12: B. Grenfell in A. Hunt, izd. The Oxyrhynchus Papyri. 12. zv. London: Egypt Exploration Fund, 1916.

PSI III: T. Lodi, izd. Papiri greci e latini. 3. zv. Firence: Felice le Monnier, 1914.

PSI IX: G. Coppola, izd. Papiri greci e latini. 9. zv. Firence: Felice le Monnier, 1929.

PSI X: G. Vitelli izd. Papiri greci e latini. 10. zv. Firence: Felice le Monnier, 1932.

*****

Sekundarna literatura

Bagnall, R. S. Egypt in Late Antiquity. Princeton, NY: Princeton University Press, 1993. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/9781400821167

Blumell, L. H. Lettered Christians. Christians, Letters, and Late Antique Oxyrhynchus. Leiden in Boston: Brill, 2012. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1163/9789004180987

Burnet, R. L’ Égypte ancienne à travers les papyrus. Vie quotidienne. Pariz: Éditions Flammarion, 2003.

Di Bernardino, A. »Ossirinco.« V: Nuovo dizionario patristico e di antichità cristiane, 2. zv., ur. A. Di Bernardino, 3700–3704. Genova in Milano: Marietti, 2007.

Gignac, F. T. A Grammar of the Greek papyri of the Roman and Byzantine periods. Phonology. Zv. 1: Phonology. Milano: Istituto Editoriale Cisalpino, 1975.

Horrocks, G. A History of the Language and its Speakers. 2. izd. Chichester: John Wiley & Sons, 2010.

Luijendijk, A. Greetings in the Lord. Early Christians and the Oxyrhynchus Papyri. Cambridge, MA: Harvard Theological Studies, 2008.

Martinez, D. G. »The Papyri and Early Christianity.« V: The Oxford Handbook of Papyrology, ur. R. S. Bagnall. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2011. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1093/oxfordhb/9780199843695.013.0025

Minnen, P. van. »The Millennium of Papyrology (2001–)?« Papyrologica Vindobonensia 1 (2007): 703–714.

Naldini, M. Il cristianesimo in Egitto. 2. izd. Firence: Nardini Editore, 1998.

Rees, B. R. »Popular Religion in Greaco-Roman Egypt: II. The Transition to Christianity.« The Journal of Egyptian Archaeology 36 (1950): 80–100. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1177/030751335003600113

Roberts, C. H. Manuscript, Society and Belief in Early Christian Egypt. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1979.

Trapp, M. Greek and Latin Letters. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2003.

Published

30.12.2022

Issue

Section

II.

Most read articles by the same author(s)