The synergistic effect of microwave drying and plasma surface treatments on the wettability of green wood

Sinergistični učinek mikrovalovnega sušenja in obdelave s plazmo na omočljivost svežega lesa

Authors

  • Sauradipta Ganguly
  • Jure Žigon
  • Kavyashree Srinivasa
  • Marko Petrič
  • Sebastian Dahle

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.26614/les-wood.2022.v71n01a01

Keywords:

Norway spruce wood, Wood drying, Microwave processing, Gliding arc plasma

Abstract

In spite of being both a one-step solution to several problems associated with woodworking and also energy efficient, the application of microwave (MW) modification in wood research has remained very limited and this promising method has practically no use in wood industries across the globe. Research done so far in this field primarily sheds light on its potential in enhancing wood permeability, treatability and uniform wood drying. While MW treatments are mostly used on wet or green wood, another modification technique, plasma, has potential benefits to synergistically enhance the effects of MW treatment, but so far has not been applied on wet or green wood specimens. This study takes a first step to investigate the effects of plasma treatments (PT) on green wood specimens, as well as combinations of MW and plasma treatments. As a preliminary study, the methodology focuses on water contact angle measurements, since these are most commonly used as indicators for surface modifications in industrial applications. An exponential time dependence was found for the contact angle on the investigated samples of Norway spruce (Picea abies Karst.). Initial contact angles after droplet deposition increased due to drying and migration of organic molecules during treatments. In comparison with the literature, the effect of plasma was significantly less pronounced on wet wood specimens. The initial contact angles showed the lowest statistical variations after MW treatment, whereas plasma increased inhomogeneities. The final contact angles on treated specimens was lowest for PT-only specimens as well as specimens treated with plasma after MW. In contrast to the initial contact angles, the final contact angles showed the lowest variations after PT. Wetting rates were insignificantly improved by plasma, with reduced statistical variations after all treatments.

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26.07.2022

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How to Cite

Ganguly, S., Žigon, J., Srinivasa, K., Petrič, M., & Dahle, S. (2022). The synergistic effect of microwave drying and plasma surface treatments on the wettability of green wood: Sinergistični učinek mikrovalovnega sušenja in obdelave s plazmo na omočljivost svežega lesa. Les/Wood, 71(1), 5-14. https://doi.org/10.26614/les-wood.2022.v71n01a01

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