Dieter Eckstein, 1939-2021 and his rich legacy of dendrochronology in Slovenia and the world

Dieter Eckstein, 1939-2021 in njegova bogata zapuščina za dendrokronologijo v Sloveniji in po svetu


  • Katarina Čufar



dendrochronology, wood biology, wood anatomy, tree-ring chronologies, dendrochronology community


Prof. Dr. Dieter Eckstein (1939-2021) was a leading scientist, teacher, mentor, leader, promoter and motivator
in the field of dendrochronology and wood biology. After graduating in wood science and receiving a PhD in
dendrochronology, he was professor of wood biology at the University of Hamburg. From 1995-2004, he was Director of the Department of Wood Biology, University of Hamburg, and of the Institute of Wood Biology and Wood Protection at the Federal Research Centre for Forestry and Forest Products in Hamburg, Germany. His work had a decisive influence on the development of wood anatomy, wood biology and dendrochronology and his laboratory was a reference point for dendrochronology worldwide. He supported dendrochronologists throughout Europe and around the world in their pioneering work to establish dendrochronology laboratories and develop dendrochronology in numerous countries, including Slovenia.


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Bauch, J., Liese, W., & Eckstein, D. (1967). Über die Altersbestimmung von Eichenholz in Norddeutschland mit Hilfe der Dendrochronologie. Holz als Roh und Werkstoff, 25, 285-291. DOI:

Bauch, J., & Eckstein, D. (1970). Dendrochronological dating of oak panels of Dutch seventeenth-century paintings. Studies in Conservation, 15, 45-50. DOI:

Čufar, K. (1990). Električna upornost tkiv, prirastne značilnosti in odziv na poškodbe pri zdravih in obolelih jelkah = Electrical resistance of tissues, increment characteristics and response to injuries in healthy and diseased silver firs : doktorska disertacija. Ljubljana

Čufar, K., De Luis, M., Zupancic, M., & Eckstein, D. (2008a). A 548-year tree-ring chronology of oak (Quercus spp.) for southeast Slovenia and its significance as a dating tool and climate archive. Tree-Ring Research, 64 (1), 3-15. DOI:

Čufar, K., De Luis, M., Eckstein, D., & Kajfež-Bogataj, L. (2008b). Reconstructing dry and wet summers in SE Slovenia from oak tree-ring series. International Journal of Biometeorology, 52(7), 607-615. DOI:

Čufar, K., Zupančič, M., Krže, L., de Luis, M., & Eckstein, D. (2009). Dendrochronology of oak (Quercus spp.) in Slovenia – an interim report. Pages 132-135 In: T. Levanič, J. Gričar, P. Hafner, R. Kranjnc, S. Jagodic, H. Gartner, I. Heinrich, and G. Helle, eds., Tree Rings in Archaeology, Climatology and Ecology, Volume 8. Proceedings of the Dendrosymposium 2009. GFZ German Research Centre for Geosciences: Potsdam, Germany. Scientific Technical Report STR10/05.

Čufar, K., Tegel, W., Merela, M., Kromer, B., & Velušček, A. (2015). Eneolithic pile dwellings south of the Alps precisely dated with tree-ring chronologies from the north. Dendrochronologia 35: 91–98. DOI:

Čufar, K. (2007). Dendrochronology and past human activity—A review of advances since 2000. Tree-Ring Research, 63(1), 47-60. DOI:

Dean, J. S., Meko, D. M., & Swetnam, T. W. eds. (1996). Tree Rings, Environment, and Humanity: Proceedings of the International Conference, Tucson, Arizona, 17-21 May 1994, Radiocarbon, Department of Geosciences, University of Arizona, 1996 - 889 pp.

Eckstein, D. (1969). Entwicklung und Anwendung der Dendrochronologie zur Alterbestimmung der Siedlung Haithabu. Ph.D. dissertation, University of Hamburg, Germany, Hamburg, Germany. 113 pp.

Eckstein, D., & Bauch, J. (1969). Beitrag zur Rationalisierung eines dendrochronologischen Verfahrens und zur Analyse seiner Aussagesicherheit. Forstwissenschaftliches Centralblatt, 88 (4), 230-250. DOI:

Eckstein, D. (1976). Die absolute Datierung der wikingerzeitlichen Siedlung Haithabu/Schleswig mit Hilfe der Dendrochronologie. Naturwissenschaftliche Rundschau, 29 (3), 81-84.

Eckstein, D., & Wrobel, S. (1983). Dendrochronologie in Europa. Dendrochronologia, 1, 9-20.

Eckstein, D. (2006). Human time in tree rings. In: K. Cufar, M. Romagnoli, and U. Sass-Klaassen, eds., EuroDendro 2005: Humans and Environment. Dendrochronologia, 24 (2-3), 53-60. DOI:

Eckstein, D., & Cherubini, P. (2012). The "dendrochronological community" at Rovaniemi, Finland, 2010: Lessons learned from the past and perspectives for the future. Dendrochronologia, 30 (2): 195-197. DOI:

Garcia Gonzalez, I., & Eckstein, D. (2003). Climatic signal of earlywood vessels of oak on a maritime site. Tree Physiology, 23(7), 497-504. DOI:

Liang, E., & Eckstein, D. (2006). Light rings in Chinese pine (Pinus tabulaeformis) in semiarid areas of north China and their palaeo-climatological potential. New Phytologyst, 171 (4), 783-791. DOI:

Liang, E., Liu., W., Ren, P., Dawadi, B., & Eckstein, D. (2014). The alpine dwarf shrub Cassiope fastigiata in the Himalayas: does it reflect site-specific climatic signals in its annual growth rings? Trees, 29 (1), 79-86. DOI:

Liese, W., Schneider, M., & Eckstein, D. (1975). Histometrische Untersuchungen am Holz einer rauchgeschädigten Fichte. European Journal of Forest Pathology, 5, 152-161. DOI:

Sander, C., Stiller, B., & Eckstein, D. (1996). A practical test of a new computer program for cell recognition. Dendrochronologia, 14, 241-245.

Sass, U., & Eckstein, D. (1994). Preparation of large thin sections and surfaces of wood for automatic image analysis. Holzforschung, 48(2), 117-118.

Sass, U., & Eckstein, D. (1995). The variability of vessel size in beech (Fagus sylvatica L.) and its ecophysiological interpretation. Trees, 9(5), 247-252. DOI:

Sass-Klaassen, U. (2005). Tribute to Dieter Eckstein at Eurodendro 2004. Dendrochronologia 22, 71–73. DOI:

Schichler, B., Levanič, T., Čufar, K., & Eckstein, D. (1997). Climate-growth relationship of fir in the Dinaric Mountains in Slovenia using different standardizations and response function calculations. Dendrochronologia, 15, 207-214.

Schmitt, U., Koch, G., Eckstein, D., Seo, J. W., Prislan, P., Gričar, J., Čufar, K., Stobbe, H., & Jalkanen, R. (2016). The vascular cambium of trees and its involvement in defining xylem anatomy. In: Kim, Y. S., Funada, R., P. Singh, A. P. Eds. Secondary Xylem Biology, Origins, Functions, and Applications. Academic Press, Elsevier, pp 3-24. DOI:

Seo, J.-W., Eckstein, D., Olbrich, A., Jalkanen, R., Salminen, H., Schmitt, U., & Fromm, J. (2013). Climate control of wood formation : illustrated for Scots Pine at its northern distribution limit. Plant Cell Monographs 20, 159-185. DOI:

Wazny, T., & Eckstein, D. (1987). Der Holzhandel von Danzig/Gdansk - Geschichte, Umfang, und Reichweite. Holz als Roh und Werkstoff, 45, 509-513. DOI:

Wazny, T., & Eckstein, D. (1991). The dendrochronological signal of oak (Quercus spp.) in Poland. Dendrochronologia, 9, 35-49.

Zhang, Q.-B., & Shao, X. (2007). Tree Rings and Ecology: The 7th International Conference on Dendrochronology. Journal of Integrative Plant Biology, 49, 129-130. DOI:

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Wazny, T. (2021). [ITRDBFOR] Dieter Eckstein 1939-2021, International dendrochronology discussion list - arc – itrdbfor (10 Nov. 2021)







How to Cite

Čufar, K. (2021). Dieter Eckstein, 1939-2021 and his rich legacy of dendrochronology in Slovenia and the world : Dieter Eckstein, 1939-2021 in njegova bogata zapuščina za dendrokronologijo v Sloveniji in po svetu. Les/Wood, 70(2), 99-109.

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