Drying characteristics of wood of invasive tree species growing in an urban environment
Določanje sušilnih karakteristik lesa invazivnih drevesnih vrst rastočih v urbanem okolju
Keywords:invasive wood species, wood, permeability, diffusivity, drying rate, drying quality
Non-native tree species are increasingly growing in urban environments, where they are exposed to cultivation and pruning measures, and in many cases their growth becomes uncontrolled, even invasive. In such cases the structure of the wood is more heterogeneous, with more tyloses, discolorations and decay, and higher moisture content. The drying of such wood is more demanding and cannot rely on the standard drying schedules. Therefore, the drying kinetics of the boards (thickness 22 mm, 28 mm and 46 mm) of three wood species (black locust – Robinia pseudoacacia; box elder – Acer negundo and horse chestnut – Aesculus hippocastanum) were analysed at 20 °C and 40 °C. Additionally, the drying quality was assessed by determining the moisture content gradient, drying stresses and presence of typical drying defects. In the drying tests the moisture content gradients were relatively low in all species, so no high drying stresses were generated. Due to the expected high risk of collapse, careful drying of green maple was needed, to prevent board twisting when a pronounced number of knots and greater fibre deviation occurred. Half-drying times indicated the longer drying of thicker black locust boards, and very careful drying of maple. We confirmed the usability of the half-drying time to compare the drying kinetics of different wood species and assortments.
Copyright (c) 2019 Denis Plavčak, Željko Gorišek, Aleš Straže, Maks Merela
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.