Qualitative/strategic analysis of selected value chains in the Slovenian forest and wood bioeconomy


  • Jože Kropivšek
  • Aleš Straže
  • Dominika Gornik Bučar




value chains, hardwood, forest-wood chain, SWOT, bioeconomy


Current global strategic directions promote the strengthening of green value chains. This opens up completely new potentials for the Slovenian forest-wood chain, which has faced several challenges in recent decades, including the increase in the share of deciduous trees in Slovenian forests. Therefore, it is necessary to establish or strengthen forest-wood value chains whose basic raw material is hardwood in different qualities. For the functioning of the whole chain it is important that all its links work and that the individual chains strictly follow the concept of marginal quality of the input raw material. The aim of the research was to conduct a qualitative strategic SWOT analysis of selected value chains in the Slovenian forest-wood bioeconomy and to identify and compare the main advantages and disadvantages of each chain, as well as to determine which of the value chains are particularly interesting for the development of the Slovenian forest-wood bioeconomy with a focus on hardwood processing. The results show that there are some weaknesses within the value chains, but there are many strengths, which can be used to effectively exploit opportunities and/or reduce risks, contributing to the successful further development of wood processing and all value chains.


Download data is not yet available.


Abdel-Basset, M., Mohamed, M., & Smarandache, F. (2018). An extension of neutrosophic AHP–SWOT analysis for strategic planning and decision-making. Symmetry, 10(4), 116. DOI: https://doi.org/10.3390/sym10040116 DOI: https://doi.org/10.3390/sym10040116

Arnič, D. (2023). Vpliv podnebnih sprememb na prirast lesa navadne bukve (Fagus sylvatica L.) in navadne smreke (Picea abies (L.) Karst.) in potencialne posledice za biogospodarstvo v Sloveniji. [University of Ljubljana]. URL: https://repozitorij.uni-lj.si/IzpisGradiva.php?lang=eng&id=145219

Benzaghta, M. A., Elwalda, A., Mousa, M., Erkan, I., & Rahman, M. (2021). SWOT analysis applications: An integrative literature review. Journal of Global Business Insights, 6(1), 55–73. DOI: https://doi.org/10.5038/2640-6489.6.1.1148 DOI: https://doi.org/10.5038/2640-6489.6.1.1148

Čater, T. (2022). Pomen in pravilna izvedba SWOT analize: interno gradivo.

European Organisation of the Sawmill Industry (EOS) (2020). Timber in construction and bioeconomy in the EU green deal resolution. URL: https://eos-oes.eu/2020/01/17/timber-in-construction-and-bioeconomy-in-the-eu-green-deal-resolution/ (9.3.2023)

European Organisation of the Sawmill Industry (EOS) (2022). Remarks by President von der Leyen at the plenary session of the New European Bauhaus goes Into the Woods event. URL: https://www.eos-oes.eu/en/news.php?id=2320 (15.3.2023)

Evropska komisija (2019). Sporočilo in časovni načrt o evropskem zelenem dogovoru. URL: https://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/SL/TXT/DOC/?uri=CELEX:52019DC0640&from=EN (15.3.2023)

Evropski zeleni dogovor: Postati prva podnebno nevtralna celina (2023). URL: https://commission.europa.eu/strategy-and-policy/priorities-2019-2024/european-green-deal_sl (15.3.2023)

Falcone, P. M., Tani, A., Tartiu, V. E., & Imbriani, C. (2020). Towards a sustainable forest-based bioeconomy in Italy: Findings from a SWOT analysis. Forest Policy and Economics, 110, 101910. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.forpol.2019.04.014 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.forpol.2019.04.014

Hurmekoski, E., Jonsson, R., Korhonen, J., Jänis, J., Mäkinen, M., Leskinen, P., & Hetemäki, L. (2018). Diversification of the forest industries: role of new wood-based products. Canadian Journal of Forest Research, 48(12), 1417–1432. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1139/cjfr-2018-0116 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1139/cjfr-2018-0116

Kropivšek, J., & Čufar, K. (2015). Potencialna raba bukovine in vrednotenje dodane vrednosti v izdelkih iz bukovine. Gozdarski Vestnik, 73(10), 470–478.

Kurttila, M., Pesonen, M., Kangas, J., & Kajanus, M. (2000). Utilizing the analytic hierarchy process (AHP) in SWOT analysis — a hybrid method and its application to a forest-certification case. Forest Policy and Economics, 1(1), 41–52. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/S1389-9341(99)00004-0 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/S1389-9341(99)00004-0

Longsheng, C., Ali Shah, S. A., Solangi, Y. A., Ahmed, M., & Ali, S. (2022). An integrated SWOT-multi-criteria analysis of implementing sustainable waste-to-energy in Pakistan. Renewable Energy, 195, 1438–1453. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/J.RENENE.2022.06.112 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.renene.2022.06.112

MGRT (2022). Izvedbeni dokument ukrepov razvoja lesnopredelovalne industrije do 2030. No Title.

MGRT, & MKO (2012). Akcijski načrt za povečanje konkurenčnosti gozdno-lesne verige v Sloveniji do leta 2020; “Les je lep.”

Regional SWOT Analysis and Mapping (2022). In State of the art of current wood and furniture policies in Europe. https://allview.eu/wp-content/uploads/2022/04/D6.1-v3.0-Regional-SWOT-Analysis-and-Mapping-GENERAL.pdf (15.3.2023)

Ringe, J. M., & Hoover, W. L. (1987). Value added analysis: a method of technological assessment in the U.S. forest products industry. Forest Products Journal, 37(11–12), 51–54.

Ščap, Š., Krajnc, N., & Prislan, P. (2021). Stanje žagarske panoge v Sloveniji v letu 2019 = Situation of the Slovenian sawmill sector in 2019. Gozdarski Vestnik, 79(10), 363–375.

Sevkli, M., Oztekin, A., Uysal, O., Torlak, G., Turkyilmaz, A., & Delen, D. (2012). Development of a fuzzy ANP based SWOT analysis for the airline industry in Turkey. Expert Systems with Applications, 39(1), 14–24. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.eswa.2011.06.047 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.eswa.2011.06.047

Shakoor Shahabi, R., Basiri, M. H., & Kahag, M. R. (2018). Ranking of productivity improvement strategies in Iran mineral sector based on integrated SWOT-FAHP-FTOPSIS analysis. Arabian Journal of Geosciences, 11(3), 65. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s12517-018-3402-0 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s12517-018-3402-0

Statistični urad RS (2023). Proizvodnja gozdno-lesnih sortimentov. URL: https://pxweb.stat.si/SiStatData/pxweb/sl/Data/-/1673145S.px (3.3.2023)

Straže, A., Gornik Bučar, D., & Kropivšek, J. (2023). Identifikacija verig vrednosti v slovenskem gozdno-lesnem biogospodarstvu [Manuscript in preparation]. Les/Wood. DOI: https://doi.org/10.26614/les-wood.2023.v72n01a03

Taghavifard, M., Amoozad Mahdiraji, H., Alibakhshi, A., Zavadskas, E., & Bausys, R. (2018). An extension of fuzzy SWOT analysis: An application to information technology. Information, 9(3), 46. DOI: https://doi.org/10.3390/info9030046 DOI: https://doi.org/10.3390/info9030046

The international wood industry in one information service (2020). EU “Green Deal” creates new opportunities for timber. URL: https://www.globalwoodmarketsinfo.com/eu-green-deal-creates-new-opportunities-timber/ (15.3.2023)

UNECE (2023). COFFI market forecasts. URL: https://unece.org/forests/coffi-market-forecasts (15.3.2023)

Wang, L. (2015). Value chain analysis of bio-coal business in Finland: Perspectives from multiple value chain members. Biomass and Bioenergy, 78, 140–155. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biombioe.2015.04.005 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biombioe.2015.04.005

Zavod za gozdove Slovenije (2022). Poročilo zavoda za gozdove Slovenije o gozdovih za leto 2021. URL: http://www.zgs.si/fileadmin/zgs/main/img/PDF/LETNA_POROCILA/2021_Porocilo_o_gozdovih_ZGS.pdf (3.3.2023)






How to Cite

Kropivšek, J., Straže, A., & Gornik Bučar, D. (2023). Qualitative/strategic analysis of selected value chains in the Slovenian forest and wood bioeconomy. Les/Wood, 72(1), 35-48. https://doi.org/10.26614/les-wood.2023.v72n01a04

Similar Articles

1-10 of 115

You may also start an advanced similarity search for this article.

Most read articles by the same author(s)

1 2 3 4 > >>