Fluidne in kristalizirane sposobnosti kot napovedniki vsakodnevne spoznavne kompetentnosti v srednji odraslosti

Avtorji

  • Luka Juras Univerza v Zagrebu, Filozofska fakulteta, Oddelek za psihologijo, Hrvaška
  • Marina Martincević Univerza v Zagrebu, Filozofska fakulteta, Oddelek za psihologijo, Hrvaška
  • Andrea Vranić Univerza v Zagrebu, Filozofska fakulteta, Oddelek za psihologijo, Hrvaška
  • Blaž Rebernjak Univerza v Zagrebu, Filozofska fakulteta, Oddelek za psihologijo, Hrvaška

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.20419/2024.33.588

Ključne besede:

vsakodnevna kognitivna kompetentnost, kognicija, srednja odraslost, Test vsakodnevnih problemov

Povzetek

Sposobnost samostojnega reševanja vsakodnevnih nalog je izrednega pomena za kakovostno staranje. Manj pa je znanega o prispevku fluidnih in kristaliziranih sposobnosti k vsakodnevni spoznavni kompetentnosti pri posameznikih v srednji odraslosti. Pričujoča preliminarna študija preučuje relativni prispevek fluidne inteligentnosti ter kristaliziranih sposobnosti k vsakodnevni spoznavni kompetentnosti pri vzorcu 59 posameznikov v obdobju srednje odraslosti (starih med 49 in 65 let). Fluidna inteligentnost in kristalizirana sposobnost sta pri našem vzorcu bivariatno pomembno korelirali z vsakdanjo spoznavno kompetentnostjo. Presenetljivo pa nobeden od obeh napovednikov pri vključitvi v hierarhično linearno regresijo ni imel samostojnega prispevka pri napovedovanju vsakodnevne spoznavne kompetentnosti. Naši preliminarni rezultati kličejo po dodatnih raziskavah o kompleksnem odnosu med različnimi bazičnimi spoznavnimi sposobnostmi in vsakodnevno spoznavno kompetentnostjo.

Prenosi

Podatki o prenosih še niso na voljo.

Literatura

Allaire, J. C., & Marsiske, M. (1999). Everyday cognition: Age and intellectual ability correlates. Psychology and Aging, 14(4), 627–644. https://doi.org/10.1037/0882-7974.14.4.627

Allaire, J. C., & Willis, S. L. (2006). Competence in everyday activities as a predictor of cognitive risk and mortality. Aging, Neuropsychology, and Cognition, 13(2), 207–224. https://doi.org/10.1080/13825580490904228

Baltes, P. B., Staudinger, U. M., & Lindenberger, U. (1999). Lifespan psychology: Theory and application to intellectual functioning. Annual Review of Psychology, 50, 471–507. https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev.psych.50.1.471

Borella, E., Cantarella, A., Joly, E., Ghisletta, P., Carbone, E., Coraluppi, D., Piras, F., & De Beni, R. (2017). Performance-based everyday functional competence measures across the adult lifespan: The role of cognitive abilities. International Psychogeriatrics, 29(12), 2059– 2069. https://doi.org/10.1017/S1041610217000680

Bühner, M., Krumm, S., Ziegler, M., & Plücken, T. (2006). Cognitive abilities and their interplay: Reasoning, crystallized intelligence, working memory components, and sustained attention. Journal of Individual Differences, 27, 57–72. https://doi.org/10.1027/1614-0001.27.2.57

Castel, A. D. (2005). Memory for grocery prices in younger and older adults: The role of schematic support. Psychology and Aging, 20(4), 718–721. https://doi.org/10.1037/0882-7974.20.4.718

Cattell, R. B. (2000). Priručnik za ljestvice 2 i 3 [Manual for Culture Fair Intelligence Test—Scales 2 and 3]. Naklada Slap.

Cattell, R. B. (1963). Theory of fluid and crystallized intelligence: A critical experiment. Journal of Educational Psychology, 54(1), 1–22. https://doi.org/10.1037/h0046743

Chaytor, N., & Schmitter-Edgecombe, M. (2003). The ecological validity of neuropsychological tests: A review of the literature on everyday cognitive skills. Neuropsychology Review, 13(4), 181–197. https://doi.org/10.1023/B:NERV.0000009483.91468.fb

Chen, X., Hertzog, C., & Park, D. C. (2017). Cognitive predictors of everyday problem solving across the lifespan. Gerontology, 63(4), 372–384. https://doi.org/10.1159/000459622

Chen, B., Huang, Y., Wang, D., & Deng, W. (2019). Comparison of performance-based observed assessment, self-report, and paper–pencil measures of everyday problem solving in Chinese older adults. Journal of Adult Development, 26(2), 129–138. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10804-018-9305-1

Cunningham, W. R., Clayton, V., & Overton, W. (1975). Fluid and crystallized intelligence in young adulthood and old age. Journal of Gerontology, 30(1), 53–55. https://doi.org/10.1093/geronj/30.1.53

de Frias, C. M., Lövdén, M., Lindenberger, U., & Nilsson, L. G. (2007). Revisiting the dedifferentiation hypothesis with longitudinal multi-cohort data. Intelligence, 35(4), 381–392. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.intell.2006.07.011

Denney, N. W., & Palmer, A. M. (1981). Adult age differences on traditional and practical problem-solving measures. Journal of Gerontology, 36(3), 323–328. https://doi.org/10.1093/geronj/36.3.323

Giles, G. M., Edwards, D. F., Baum, C., Furniss, J., Skidmore, E., Wolf, T., & Leland, N. E. (2020). Making functional cognition a professional priority. The American Journal of Occupational Therapy, 74(1), 7401090010p1– 7401090010p6. https://doi.org/10.5014/ajot.2020.741002

Gross, A. L., Rebok, G. W., Unverzagt, F. W., Willis, S. L., & Brandt, J. (2011). Cognitive predictors of everyday functioning in older adults: Results from the ACTIVE cognitive intervention trial. Journals of Gerontology Series B: Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences, 66(5), 557–566. https://doi.org/10.1093/geronb/gbr033

Hülür, G., Ram, N., Willis, S. L., Schaie, K. W., & Gerstorf, D. (2015). Cognitive dedifferentiation with increasing age and proximity of death: Within-person evidence from the Seattle Longitudinal Study. Psychology and Aging, 30(2), 311–323. https://doi.org/10.1037/a0039260

Juras, L., Martincević, M., Vranić, A., Rebernjak, B., & Hromatko, I. (2022). The brief case for everyday problems: A proposal of two brief alternate forms of the Everyday Problems Test. European Journal of Ageing, 19, 1519–1528. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10433-022-00734-x

Kaufman, A. S., McLean, J. E., & Lincoln, A. (1996). The relationship of the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI) to IQ level and the fluid and crystallized IQ discrepancy on the Kaufman Adolescent and Adult Intelligence Test (KAIT). Assessment, 3(3), 225–239. https://doi.org/10.1177/1073191196003003004

Kimbler, K. J. (2013). Everyday problem solving and instrumental activities of daily living: Support for domain specificity. Behavioral Sciences, 3(1), 170–191. https://doi.org/10.3390/bs3010170

Križan, L., & Matešić, K. (2001). Priručnik za Ravenove progresivne matrice i ljestvice rječnika. Mill Hill ljestvica rječnika [Manual for Raven’s progressive matrices and vocabulary scales]. Naklada Slap.

Marsiske, M., & Willis, S. L. (1998). Practical creativity in older adults’ everyday problem solving: Life-span perspectives. In C. E. Adams-Price (Ed), Creativity and successful aging: Theoretical and empirical approaches (pp. 73–113). Springer.

Neupert, S. D., Patterson, T. R., Davis, A. A., & Allaire, J. C. (2011). Age differences in daily predictors of forgetting to take medication: The importance of context and cognition. Experimental Aging Research, 37(4), 435–448. https://doi.org/10.1080/0361073X.2011.590757

Salthouse, T. A. (2019). Trajectories of normal cognitive aging. Psychology and Aging, 34(1), 17–24. https://doi.org/10.1037/pag0000288

Salthouse, T. A. (1996). The processing-speed theory of adult age differences in cognition. Psychological Review, 103(3), 403–428. https://doi.org/10.1037/0033-295X.103.3.403

Tucker-Drob, E. M., Brandmaier, A. M., & Lindenberger, U. (2019). Coupled cognitive changes in adulthood: A meta-analysis. Psychological Bulletin, 145(3), 273–301. https://doi.org/10.1037/bul0000179

Tucker-Drob, E. M., De la Fuente, J., Köhncke, Y., Brandmaier, A. M., Nyberg, L., & Lindenberger, U. (2022). A strong dependency between changes in fluid and crystallized abilities in human cognitive aging. Science Advances, 8(5), Article eabj2422. https://doi.org/10.1126/sciadv.abj2422

Verhaeghen, P., Martin, M., & Sędek, G. (2012). Reconnecting cognition in the lab and cognition in real life: The role of compensatory social and motivational factors in explaining how cognition ages in the wild. Aging, Neuropsychology and Cognition, 19(1–2), 1–12. https://doi.org/10.1080/13825585.2011.645009

Willis, S. L., & Marsiske, M. (1993). Manual for the everyday problems test. Department of Human Development and Family Studies, Pennsylvania State University.

Yam, A., Gross, A. L., Prindle, J. J., & Marsiske, M. (2014). Ten-year longitudinal trajectories of older adults’ basic and everyday cognitive abilities. Neuropsychology, 28(6), 819–828. https://doi.org/10.1037/neu0000096

Objavljeno

10.07.2024

Številka

Rubrika

Znanstveni raziskovalnoempirični članki

Kako citirati

Juras, L., Martincević, M., Vranić, A., & Rebernjak, B. (2024). Fluidne in kristalizirane sposobnosti kot napovedniki vsakodnevne spoznavne kompetentnosti v srednji odraslosti. Psihološka Obzorja, 35-40. https://doi.org/10.20419/2024.33.588