SPORTS PROFILE OF ELITE ATHLETES IN RHYTHMIC GYMNASTICS

Authors

  • Ivanova Vesela Ivanova National Sports Academy Vassil Levski – Gymnastics, Sofia, Bulgaria

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.52165/sgj.14.1.73-88

Keywords:

Elite rhythmic gymnasts, Sports profile, Characteristics

Abstract

Elite athletes are competitors who combine in themselves exceptional talent, many years of hard work and distinctive psychological qualities. Highly qualified rhythmic gymnasts do not differ from this definition, as their sports profile includes all these characteristics. The aim of this study is to develop a methodology to create the sports profile of elite competitors in rhythmic gymnastics on the basis of current competitors from the USA, Singapore and Taiwan and to compare the obtained results. This could help us assess the current habits of these gymnasts, the positive or negative impact of those habits on their performance, and the necessary changes that need to be made to optimize the training process. The results of the current study and the statistical data processing from the conducted experiment showed that the three studied teams of elite athletes (total of 63 gymnasts) demonstrated strong commitment and engagement in the training process. Generally, the Singaporean and Taiwanese athletes had difficulties in communication with their coach and lagged behind in the development of technical qualities and mental skills for effective adaptation compared to their colleagues from the United States. At the same time, however, they showed a higher degree of self-awareness for improvement. On the other hand, the athletes from the US demonstrated shortcomings in Consistency in training. The numerical values also showed that some of the US athletes demonstrated limitations in the development of physical qualities which could affect their professional sports development in the future.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Allen, M. S., Greenlees, I., Jones, M. V. (2013). Personality in sport: A comprehensive review. International Review of Sport and Exercise Psychology, 6, 184-208. doi/10.1080/1750984X.2013.769614.

Burt, L. A., Naughton, G. A., Higham, D. G., Landeo, R. (2010). Training load in pre-puberal female artistic gymnastics. Science of Gymnastics Journal, 2, 5-14.

Claessens, A. L., Lefevre, J., Beunen, G., Malina, R. M. (1999). The contribution of anthropometric characteristics to performance score in elite female gymnasts. Journal Sports Medicine Physical Fitness, 39, 355-360.

Cosh, S., Tully, P. J. (2014). "All I have to do is pass": A discursive analysis of student athletes' talk about prioritising sport to the detriment of education to overcome stressors encountered in combining elite sport and tertiary education. Psychology, Sport and Exercise, 15, 180-189. doi: 10.1016/j.psychsport.2013.10.015.

DeVenzio, D. (1997). Think like a Champion. Charlotte, North Carolina, The Fool Court Press.

Dimitrova, B. (2020). Relationships between education and innovations in the recreational industry in Bulgaria. Trakia Journal of Sciences, 18(2), 143-149. Available at: http://tru.uni-sz.bg/tsj/Vol.17,%20Suppl.2,%202019/7.pdf.

Douda, H., Tokmakidis, S., Tsigilis, N. (2002). Effects of specific training on muscle strength and flexibility of rhythmic sports and artistic female gymnasts. Coach Sport Science Journal, 4(1), 23–27.

Douda, H. T., Toubekis, A. G., Avloniti, A. A., Tokmakidis, S. P. (2008). Physiological and Anthropometric Determinants of Rhythmic Gymnastics Performance. International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance, Human Kinetics, Inc., 3, 41-54.

Gantcheva, G., Borysova, Y., Kovalenko, N. (2021). Evaluation and development of artistic abilities of 7-8-year-old rhythmic gymnasts. Science of Gymnastics Journal, 13(1), 59-69.

Hardy, L., Jones, G., Gould, D. (2018). Understanding Psychological Preparation for Sport: Theory and Practice of Elite Performers. Chichester, Wiley.

Ignatova, D. (2020). Importance of motor skills in order to increase the overall physical capacity of children. International Scientific Journal: Smart Innovations in Recreational, Wellness Industry and Niche Tourism, 2(1-2), 40-44. Retrieved from: https://scjournal.globalwaterhealth.org/.

Ignatova, D., Iliev, A. (2020). Motor qualities and their influence on the children’s development. International Scientific Journal: Smart Innovations in Recreational, Wellness Industry and Niche Tourism, 2(1-2), 16-44. Retrieved from: https://scjournal.globalwaterhealth.org/.

Ivanova, V. (2017). Asymmetry in the development of the motor qualities. International Scientific Congress “Applied Sports Sciences”, Proceeding book, 106-109. Sofia, NSA Press.

Ivanova, V. (2016). Optimization of physical preparation in rhythmic gymnastics for juniors young age. Dissertation, NSA “Vassil Levski”, 255. Sofia.

Jones, J. G., Hardy, L. (1990). Stress in sport: Experiences of some elite performers. In G. Jones and L. Hardy (eds), Stress and Performance in Sport, 247-277. Chichester, Wiley.

Moraru, C. E., Radu, L. E., Grosu, E. F.,Puni, A. R. (2015). Influence of mental training on the execution technique in rhythmic gymnastics. Global Journal on Humanites & Social Sciences, 1, 176-181. Available at: http://www.world-education-center.org/index.php/pntsbs.

O’Donoghue, P. (2005). Normative Profiles of Sports Performance, International Journal of Performance Analysis in Sport, 5(1), 104-119. doi: 10.1080/24748668.2005.11868319.

Sports Management Degree Guide (2021, March 10). 20 Distinguishing Personality Traits of High-Performing Athletes. Retrieved from: https://www.sports-management-degrees.com/top-personality-traits-of-high-performing-athletes.

Verkooijen, K. T., Van Hove, P., Dik, G. (2012). Athletic identity and well-being among young talented athletes who live at Dutch elite sport center. Journal of Applied Sport Psychology, 24, 106-113. doi: 10.1080/10413200.633153.

Downloads

Published

2022-03-01

How to Cite

Vesela Ivanova , I. (2022). SPORTS PROFILE OF ELITE ATHLETES IN RHYTHMIC GYMNASTICS. Science of Gymnastics Journal, 14(1), 73–88. https://doi.org/10.52165/sgj.14.1.73-88

Issue

Section

Articles