THE INFLUENCE OF STRENGTH ON THE GYMNASTS’ SUCCESS IN PERFORMING VAULT

Authors

  • Miloš Paunović Faculty of Sport and Physical education, University of Niš, Serbia
  • Saša Velikčković Faculty of Sport and Physical education, University of Niš, Serbia
  • Tommislav Okičić Faculty of Sport and Physical education, University of Niš, Serbia
  • Stefan Jović Faculty of Sport and Physical education, University of Niš, Serbia
  • Dušan Đorđević Faculty of Sport and Physical education, University of Niš, Serbia

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.52165/sgj.14.2.173-183

Keywords:

vault, gymnasts, absolute strength, relative stregnth

Abstract

The aim of the study was to determine the influence of absolute and relative strength of the muscles of the legs, upper arms and shoulder girdle on the success of performing vault with gymnasts aged 13 to 16 who have been training gymnastics from five to 12 years. The Japanese digital dynamometer IMADAZ2H-1100 with WinWedge 3.4 software was used to estimate the absolute strength of the leg, upper arm and shoulder girdle muscles. The values shown on the digital meter represented the absolute value of the maximum force, and when the absolute value of the force was divided by the weight of the participant, the value of the relative force was obtained. Regression analysis was used to determine the influence of absolute and relative strength of leg muscles, upper arm and shoulder girdle on the success of performing vault. The results showed that although there is an influence of the above muscles, it is not statistically significant. Specifically, for a successful performance on the vault, the muscles of the shoulder girdle have the greatest influence (without statistical significance). The reason for the results obtained in this way lies in the fact that the phase of flight and landing depends on the support phase and the repulsion from the vault. As there are few research studies on the subject of this paper, regardless of the obtained results, this research represents a good foundation and basis for some future research of absolute and relative strength in artistic gymnastics.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Atiković, A., Kazazović, E., Kamanješavić, E., & Nožinović-Mujanović, A. (2019). Estimation correlation of biomechanical parameters and vault start value in men's artistic gymnastics. Sport Scientific and Practical Aspects - International Scientific Journal of Kinesiology. 16(1), 25-30.

Badric, M., Sporis, G., Trklja, E., i Petrovic, J. (2012). Trend razvoja motorickih sposobnosti ucenika od 5. do 8. razreda. U: Findak, V. (ured.). 21. ljetna skola kineziologa republike Hrvatske (str. 115-121), Zagreb: Hrvatski Kinezioloski Savez.

Čeklić, U., & Šarabon, N. (2021). Comparison between gymnasts and non-gymnasts in isometric strength of the lower limbs. Eur J Transl Myol, 31(1), 9663. DOI: https://doi.org/10.4081/ejtm.2021.9663

Dallas, G., Kirialanis, P., Dallas, C., & Mellos, V. (2017). The effect of training in maximal isometric strength in young artistic gymnasts. Science of Gymnastics Journal. 9(1), 71-81.

Dopsaj, M. (2010). Karakteristike Ft krive: Analiticki i dijagnosticki znacaj u sportu. U: Stankovic, R. (ured.). XIV Međunarodni naucni skup FIS Komunikacije u sportu, fizickom vaspitanju i rekreaciji (str. 47-69), Nis: Fakultet Sporta i Fizickog Vaspitanja.

Findak, V. (1999). Metodika telesne i zdravstvene kulture. Zagreb: Skolska Knjiga.

Hwang, K., Kim, Y., Choi, D., & Choi, M. (2020). Dynamic modeling for the second flight phase of the yurchenko layout vault based on msc. Adams. Science of Gymnastics Journal. 12(2), 163-171.

Ilic, M. (1980). Sportska gimnastika. Beograd: NIP „Partizan“.

International Gymnastics Federation - FIG, (2017), Code of points.

Kochanowicz, A., Niespodzinski, B., Mieszkowski, J., Kochanowicz, K., & Sawczyn, S. (2018). The effect of gymnastic training on muscle strength and co-activation during isometric elbow and glenohumeral flexion/extension. The Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness, 58(7-8), 966-73. DOI: https://doi.org/10.23736/S0022-4707.17.06916-X

Kukolj, M., Jovanovic, A., i Ropert, R. (1992). Opsta antropomotorika. Beograd: Fakultet fizicke kulture.

Kurelic, N., Momirovic, K., Stojanovic, M., Sturm, J., Radojevic, Dj., i Viskic-Stalec, N. (1975). Struktura i razvoj morfoloskih i motorickih dimenzija omladine. Beograd: Institut za naucna istrazivanja Fakulteta za Fizicko Vaspitanje.

Malacko, J., i Popovic, D. (2001). Metodologija kineziolosko antropoloskih istrazivanja (3. izd.). Leposavic: Fakultet za Fizicku Kulturu.

Milanovic, D. (2009). Teorija i metodika treninga. Zagreb: Kinezioloski Fakultet.

Nicin, Dj., i Kalajdzic, J. (1996). Antropomotorika. Novi Sad, Fakultet Fizicke Kulture.

Nicin, Dj. (2000). Antropomotorika (teorija). Novi sad: Fakultet Fizicke Kulture.

Opavski, P. (1971). Osnovi biomehanike. Beograd: Naucna knjiga.

Paunovic, M., Velickovic, S., Đurovic, M., Okicic, T., Stojanovic, N., & Milosevic, N. (2018). Influence of relative force on all-around competition result with gymnasts. In: Kocic, M. (ed.), XXI International Scientific Conference „Fis Communications 2018" in physical education, sport and recreation (pp. 48-51), Nis: Faculty of Sport and Physical Education.

Paunovic, M., Velickovic, S., Đurovic, M., Okicic, T., Antic, V., Milosevic, N., & Ostojic, S. (2019). Influence of strength of lower extremities on performance succsess on floor exercise. In: Stojiljkovic, N. (ed.), XXII International Scientific Conference „Fis Communications 2019" in physical education, sport and recreation (pp. 49-54), Nis: Faculty of Sport and Physical Education.

Petkovic, D., Velickovic, S., Petkovic, E., Hadzi – Ilic, S., i Mekic, H. (2013). Sportska gimnastika – I, teorija sportske gimnastike. Nis: Fakultet Sporta i Fizickog Vaspitanja.

Petkovic, E. (2011). Gimnastika za sve (generalna gimnastika). Nis: Fakultet Sporta i Fizickog Vaspitanja.

Prskalo, I. (2004). Osnove kineziologije (monografija). Petrinja: Visoka Uciteljska Skola.

Qomarrullah, R., Kristiyanto, A., Sugiharto., & Hidayatullah, M.F. (2018). Dominant factors of physical ability determining the achievement of artistic gymnastic techniques. International Conference on Science and Education and Technology (ASSEHR), 247, 395-399. DOI: https://doi.org/10.2991/iset-18.2018.80

Scharer, C., Haller, N., Taube. W., & Hubner, K. (2019). Physical determinants of vault performance and their age-related differences across male junior and elite top-level gymnasts. PLoS ONE, 14(12), e0225975. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0225975

Scharer, C., Huber, S., Bucher, P., Capelli, C., & Hubner, K. (2021). Maximum strength benchmarks for difficult static elements on rings in male elite gymnastics. Sports 2021, 9(6), 78. DOI: https://doi.org/10.3390/sports9060078

Scharer, C., Lehmann, T., Naundorf, F., Taube, W., & Hubner, K. (2019). The faster, the better? Relationships between run-up speed, the degree of difficulty (Dscore), height and length of flight on vault in artistic gymnastics. PLoS ONE, 14(03), e0213310. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0213310

Siff, M. (2001). Biomechanical foundations of strength and power training. In: Zatsiorsky V. (ed.), Biomechanics in Sport – Performance Enhancement and Injury Prevention, (pp. 103-139), London: Blackwell Science Ltd. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1002/9780470693797.ch6

Stojiljkovic, S. (2003). Osnove opste antropomotorike. Nis: Fakultet Fizicke Kulture.

Stone, M. H. (1993). Position/policy statement and literature review for the National Strength and Conditioning Association on” Explosive Exercise". National Strength and Conditioning Association Journal, 15(4), 7-15. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1519/0744-0049(1993)015<0007:EEAT>2.3.CO;2

Ugarkovic, D. L. (2004). Biomedicinske osnove sportske medicine. Novi Sad: FB print.

World Medical Association. (2013). Declaration of Helsinki. Bulletin of the world health organization, 79, 373-374.

Downloads

Published

2022-06-29

How to Cite

Paunović, M., Velikčković, S., Okičić, T., Jović, S., & Đorđević, D. (2022). THE INFLUENCE OF STRENGTH ON THE GYMNASTS’ SUCCESS IN PERFORMING VAULT. Science of Gymnastics Journal, 14(2), 173–183. https://doi.org/10.52165/sgj.14.2.173-183

Issue

Section

Articles