TIME COURSE OF CHANGES IN STRADDLE JUMP AND VERTICAL JUMP PERFORMANCE AFTER ACUTE STATIC STRETCHING IN ARTISTIC GYMNASTS

Authors

  • Damla Ercan Köse İstanbul Technical University, Physical Education Department, İstanbul, Türkiye https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0223-4508
  • Tolga Akşit Ege University Faculty of Sport Sciences, İzmir, Türkiye
  • Osman Açıkgöz Dokuz Eylül Üniversitesi, Faculty of Medicine, Physiology Department, İzmir, Türkiye
  • Gamze Ceyhan Ege University, Institute of Health Sciences, İzmir, Türkiye

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.52165/sgj.15.1.75-85

Keywords:

artistic gymnastics, static stretching, vertical jump, flexibility

Abstract

The aim of the present study was to examine the time course of changes of the effects of static stretching on straddle jump, vertical jump height and flexibility after performing dynamic movements in artistic gymnasts. The study was participated by 14 female artistic gymnasts aged between 9 and 14. Vertical jump heights were measured using the New Test 2000 testing device. Flexibility measurement was performed with sit and reach flexibility test. Artistic gymnastics-specific jump movement was evaluated looking at the angle between lower extremities using the Dartfish motion analysis program. Baseline measurements taken before the standard warm-up and the measurements taken after static stretching were assessed. Four sets of gymnastics moves each lasting two minutes were performed. The tests were repeated after each set. Static stretching was found to affect vertical jump performance significantly. Significant differences were found between Jump2 and Jump1 (p=0.01), Jump2 and Jump3 (p=0.03), Jump2 and Jump4 (p=0.01), Jump2 and Jumop5 (p=0.004), and Jump2 and Jump6 (p=0.009). In flexibility-related changes, significant differences were found between Reach2 and Reach3 (p=0.03), and Reach2 and Reach6 (p=0.006). Static stretching was found to have no significant effect on the lower extremity straddle jump degree. In conclusion, although the static stretching protocol reduced vertical jump performance significantly, it did not affect the artistic gymnastics-specific jump move. The negative effects of static stretching on jump height approached the baseline value approximately 4 minutes later.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Amiri-Khorasani, M. (2013). Kinematics analysis: the acute effect of different stretching methods on dynamic range of motion of lower extremity joints during soccer instep kicking. İnternational Journal Performance Analysis Sport, 13(1), 190-199. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/24748668.2013.11868641

Amiri-Khorasani, M., Sahebozamani, Mansour., Tabrizi, Kourosh G., & Yusof, Ashril, B. (2010). Acute effect of different stretching methods on illinois agility test in soccer players. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 24(10), 2698-2704. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1519/JSC.0b013e3181bf049c

Avela, J., Kyrolainen, H., & Komi, PV. (1999). Altered Reflex Sensitivity After Repeated and Prolonged Passive Muscle Stretching. Journal Applied Physiology, 86, 1283–91. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1152/jappl.1999.86.4.1283

Behm, DG., Button, DC., & Butt, JC. (2001). Factors Affecting Force Loss with prolonged stretching. Journal Applied Physiology. 26(3), 262–72. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1139/h01-017

Behm, DG., & Chaouachi, A. (2011). A review of the acute effects of static and dynamic stretching on performance. European Journal of Applied Physiology, 111(11), 2633–51. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s00421-011-1879-2

Booth, L. (2008). Mobility, stretching and warm-up: Applications in sport and exercise. SportEX Medicine, 37, 20–23.

Church, JB., Wıggıns, MS., Moode, FM., & Crıst, R. (2001). Effect of warmup and flexibility treatments on vertical jump performance. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research 15, 332–336. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1519/00124278-200108000-00012

Cross, KM., & Worell, TW. (1999). Effects of a Static Stretching Program on the Incidence of Lower Extremity Musculotendinous Strains. Journal of Athletic Training, 34(1), 11–4.

Ferri-Caruana, A., Roig-Ballester, N., & Romagnoli, M. (2020). Effect of dynamic range of motion and static stretching techniques on flexibility, strength and jump performance in female gymnasts. Science of Gymnastics Journal, 12(1), 87–100. DOI: https://doi.org/10.52165/sgj.12.1.87-100

Fletcher, I. BJ. (2004). The effect of different warm-up stretch protocols on 20 meter sprint performance in trained rugby union players. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 18:885–888. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1519/00124278-200411000-00035

Fox, E.L., (1988). Bowers, R.W., Foss ML. The Physiological Basis of Physical Education and Athletics. Sounders College Publishing, 128.

Freitas, SR., Vilarinho, D., Vaz, JR., Bruno, PM, Costa, PB., & Mil-homens, P. (2015). Responses to static stretching are dependent on stretch intensity and duration. Clinical Physiology and Functional Imaging.35(6):478–84. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/cpf.12186

Hartig, D HD. (1999). Increasing Hamstring Flexibility Decreases Lower Extremity Overuse Injuries in Military Basic Trainees. American Journal of Sports Medicine, 27(2):173–6. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1177/03635465990270021001

Jeni, R., & Mcneal, WS. (2003) Acute static stretching reduces lower extremity power in trained children. Pediatric Exercise Science, 15:139–145.

Knudson, D., Bennett K., Corn, R., Leick, D., & Smith, C. (2011). Acute effects of stretching are not evident in the kinematics of the vertical jump. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 15, 98–101. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1519/00124278-200102000-00017

Laban MM. (1962). İmplications of İts Response to Stress İn Vitro. The Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, 43(9):461–5.

Magnusson, S.P., (1998). Passive properties of human skeletal muscle during stretch manoeuvres. The Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sport, 8:65–77. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1600-0838.1998.tb00171.x

Mcneal, J.R.A. (2003). Acute static stretching reduces lower extremity power in trained children. Pediatric Exercise Science, 15:139–145. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1123/pes.15.2.139

Papia, K., Bogdanis, G. C., Toubekis, A., Donti, A., & Donti, O. (2018). Acute effects of prolonged static stretching on jumping performance and range of motion in young female gymnasts. Science of Gymnastics Journal, 10(2), 217–226.

Pollack, M., & Schimdt, D.J.A. (1980). Measurement of cardiorepiratory fitness and body composition in the clinical setting. Comprehensive Therapy, 6:12–27.

Pope, R, Herbert, R., & Kirwan, J GB. A. (2000). Randomized trial of pre-exercise stretching for prevention of lower limb injury. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise.; 32:271–7. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1097/00005768-200002000-00004

Power, K., Behm, D., Cahill, F., & Carroll, M YW. (2004). An acute bout of static stretching: effects on force and jumping performance. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 36(8):1389–96. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1249/01.MSS.0000135775.51937.53

Robbins, JW., & Scheuermann, BW. (2008). Varying amounts of acute static stretching and its effect on vertical jump performance. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 22(3):781-6. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1519/JSC.0b013e31816a59a9

Sekir, U., Arabaci R., & Akova B. (2015). Acute effects of static stretching on peak and end-range hamstring-to-quadriceps functional ratios. World Journal of Orthopedics, 6(9):719–26 DOI: https://doi.org/10.5312/wjo.v6.i9.719

Shellock, FG PW. (1985). Warming-up and stretching for improved physical performance and prevention of sports-related injuries. Sports Medicine, 2(4):267–78. DOI: https://doi.org/10.2165/00007256-198502040-00004

Shrier, I. (2004). Does Stretching İmprove Performance? A Systematic and Critical Review Of The Literature. Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine, Sep;14(5):267-73 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1097/00042752-200409000-00004

Stone, MH., Ramsey, MW., Kinser AM., Bryant HS., & Ayres C SW. (2006). Stretching: acute and chronic? The potential con- sequences. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 28:66–74. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1519/00126548-200612000-00010

Thacker, SB., Gilchrist J., & Stroup DF KC. (2004). The Impact of Stretching on Sports Injury Risk: A Systematic Review of the Literature. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 36(3):371–8. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1249/01.MSS.0000117134.83018.F7

Tsolakis, C., & Bogdanis GC. (2012). Acute effects of two different warm-up protocols on flexibility and lower limb explosive performance in male and female high level athletes. Journal of Sports Science and Medicine, 11(4):669–75.

Young, W. SE. (2001). Acute effects of static stretching, proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation stretching, and maximum voluntary contractions on explosive force production and jumping performance. Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 72:273–27 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/02701367.2001.10608960

Downloads

Published

2023-02-24

Issue

Section

Articles

How to Cite

Akşit, T., Açıkgöz, O., & Ceyhan, G. (2023). TIME COURSE OF CHANGES IN STRADDLE JUMP AND VERTICAL JUMP PERFORMANCE AFTER ACUTE STATIC STRETCHING IN ARTISTIC GYMNASTS (D. Ercan Köse , Trans.). Science of Gymnastics Journal, 15(1), 75-85. https://doi.org/10.52165/sgj.15.1.75-85

Similar Articles

1-10 of 181

You may also start an advanced similarity search for this article.