• Isaura Leite Centre for Research, Education, Innovation and Intervention in Sport (CIFI2D)
  • Pedro Fonseca Porto Biomechanics Laboratory (LABIOMEP)
  • Lurdes Ávila-Carvalho Centre for Research, Education, Innovation and Intervention in Sport (CIFI2D)
  • João Paulo Vilas-Boas Porto Biomechanics Laboratory (LABIOMEP)
  • Márcio Goethel Porto Biomechanics Laboratory (LABIOMEP)
  • Luis Mochizuki University of São Paulo - School of Arts, Sciences and Humanities
  • Filipe Conceição Porto Biomechanics Laboratory (LABIOMEP)



acrobatic gymnastics, bibliometric analysis, scientific production, quantitative data


Since acrobatic gymnastics is a recent gymnastics discipline, with only a few decades old, with only a few decades old, it is not yet much explored as a scientific research field. Despite its increasing popularity, and while science mapping has become an essential activity for all scientific disciplines, no bibliometric analysis on this topic was available. Therefore, this study aims to provide a static picture of the scientific research development in acrobatic gymnastics by collecting information about the main contributors as well as the main investigation topics, the publication dynamics and cooperative networks. A search conducted in the Web of Science and Scopus databases retrieved 37 journal articles between 2001-2021. Results suggest that the year of 2015 was a milestone for scientific research in acrobatic gymnastics since it marked the beginning of the dominance of authors from Spain, followed by Poland and Portugal. Countries are generally focused on their own territory and there is a limited scientific collaboration between different nations. The Spanish and the Polish research institutions are leading publishing in this sport. As a reference for future studies, our results suggest that although balance was identified as the niche investigation topic, there has been a lack of interest for the pyramids balance, which is a major feature of acrobatic gymnastics.


Download data is not yet available.


Aria, M., & Cuccurullo, C. (2017). bibliometrix: An R-tool for comprehensive science mapping analysis. Journal of Informetrics, 11(4), 959-975. doi: DOI:

Aria, M., Misuraca, M., & Spano, M. (2020). Mapping the Evolution of Social Research and Data Science on 30 Years of Social Indicators Research. Social Indicators Research, 149(3), 803-831. doi:10.1007/s11205-020-02281-3 DOI:

Ariza-Vargas, L., Salas-Morillas, A., Lopez-Bedoya, J., & Vernetta-Santana, M. (2021). Perception of body image in adolescent participants and non-participants in acrobatic gymnastics. Retos-Nuevas Tendencias En Educacion Fisica Deporte Y Recreacion(39), 71-77. Retrieved from DOI:

Bachinska, N. (2016). Dynamics of indicators of general and special physical training of acrobats in the process of long-term perfecting. Science and Education(4), 100-+. DOI:

Bachinskaya, N. V. (2015). Features of construction of structures in long-term training acrobatics at the modern stage. Physical Education of Students, 19(1), 3-10. doi:10.15561/20755279.2015.0101 DOI:

Belter, C. W. (2015). Bibliometric indicators: opportunities and limits. Journal of the Medical Library Association: JMLA, 103(4), 219-221. doi:10.3163/1536-5050.103.4.014 DOI:

Bores-Calle, N. J., Escudero, A., & Bores-Garcia, D. (2020). Teaching Approaches to Learn Theoretical Contents in Physical Education: A Study about Contour Lines. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 17(22). doi:10.3390/ijerph17228599 DOI:

Bradford SCE, Egan M, & Shera JH. (1953). Documentation (2nd ed.): London, United Kingdom: Crossby Lockwood.

Cahlik, T. (2000). Comparison of the Maps of Science. Scientometrics, 49, 373-387. doi: DOI:

Callon, M., Courtial, J. P., & Laville, F. (1991). Co-word analysis as a tool for describing the network of interactions between basic and technological research: The case of polymer chemsitry. Scientometrics, 22(1), 155-205. doi:10.1007/BF02019280 DOI:

Campbell, R. A., Bradshaw, E. J., Ball, N. B., Pease, D. L., & Spratford, W. (2019). Injury epidemiology and risk factors in competitive artistic gymnasts: a systematic review. British Journal of Sports Medicine, 53(17), 1056-1069. Retrieved from DOI:

Ciomaga, B. (2013). Sport management: A bibliometric study on central themes and trends. European sport management quarterly, 13(5), 557-578. doi: DOI:

Cobo, M. J., López-Herrera, A. G., Herrera Viedma, E., & Herrera, F. (2011). An approach for detecting, quantifying, and visualizing the evolution of a research field: A practical application to the Fuzzy Sets Theory field. J. Informetrics, 5, 146-166. Retrieved from DOI:

Coulter, N. S., Monarch, I., & Konda, S. L. (1998). Software Engineering as Seen through Its Research Literature: A Study in Co-Word Analysis. J. Am. Soc. Inf. Sci., 49, 1206-1223. Retrieved from;2-F DOI:<1206::AID-ASI7>3.0.CO;2-F

Courtial, J. (1994). A coword analysis of scientometrics. Scientometrics, 31(3), 251-260. Retrieved from DOI:

Fédération Internationale de Gymnastique. (2020). Acrobatic Gymnastics: Presentation. Fédération Internationale de Gymnastique. Retrieved from

Floria, P., Gomez-Landero, L. A., & Harrison, A. J. (2015). Centre of pressure correlates with pyramid performance in acrobatic gymnastics. Sports Biomech, 14(4), 424-434. doi:10.1080/14763141.2015.1084032 DOI:

Fonseca, P., Goethel, M., Vilas-Boas, J. P., Gutierres, M., & Correia, M. V. (2021). A Bibliometric Analysis of Intraoperative Neuromonitoring in Spine Surgery. World Neurosurgery, 154, 3-12. doi: DOI:

Garfield, E. (1970). Can Citation Indexing Be Automated? Essasy of an Information Scientist, 1, 84-90.

Gaudreau, P., Louvet, B., & Kljajic, K. (2019). The performance trajectory of physical education students differs across subtypes of perfectionism: A piecewise growth curve model of the 2 × 2 model of perfectionism. Sport, Exercise, and Performance Psychology, 8(2), 223-237. doi:10.1037/spy0000138 DOI:

Gómez-Landero, L. A., Leal Del Ojo, P., Walker, C., & Floría, P. (2021). Static balance performance differs depending on the test, age and specific role played in acrobatic gymnastics. Gait Posture, 90, 48-54. doi:10.1016/j.gaitpost.2021.07.023 DOI:

He, Q. (1999). Knowledge discovery through co-word analysis. Library Trends, 48, 133-159.

Katz, J. S. (1994). Geographical proximity and scientific collaboration. Scientometrics, 31(1), 31-43. doi:10.1007/BF02018100 DOI:

Kreiner, G. (2016). The Slavery of the h-index—Measuring the Unmeasurable. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience, 10(556). doi:10.3389/fnhum.2016.00556 DOI:

Leal Del Ojo, P., Floría, P., Harrison, A. J., & Gómez-Landero, L. A. (2020). Effects of task difficulty on centre of pressure excursion and its inter-trial variability in acrobatic gymnastics pyramid performance. Sports Biomech, 1-16. doi:10.1080/14763141.2020.1770322 DOI:

Lindahl, J., Stenling, A., Lindwall, M., & Colliander, C. (2015). Trends and knowledge base in sport and exercise psychology research: a bibliometric review study. International Review of Sport and Exercise Psychology, 8(1), 71-94. doi: DOI:

López de la Osa, X. R., & Gutiérrez-Sánchez, Á. (2015). Implementation of acrobatic gymnastics in Secondary Education for the improvement of self-concept. RETOS-Neuvas Tendencias en Educacion Fisica, Deporte y Recreacion(27), 114-117. doi: DOI:

Luukkonen, T., Persson, O., & Sivertsen, G. (1992). Understanding Patterns of International Scientific Collaboration. Science, Technology, & Human Values, 17(1), 101-126. doi:10.1177/016224399201700106 DOI:

Opala-Berdzik, A., Głowacka, M., & Juras, G. (2021). Postural sway in young female artistic and acrobatic gymnasts according to training experience and anthropometric characteristics. BMC Sports Sci Med Rehabil, 13(1), 11. doi:10.1186/s13102-021-00236-w DOI:

Opala-Berdzik, A., Glowacka, M., Wilusz, K., Kolacz, P., Szydlo, K., & Juras, G. (2018). Quiet standing postural sway of 10-to 13-year-old, national-level, female acrobatic gymnasts. Acta of Bioengineering and Biomechanics, 20(2), 117-123. doi:10.5277/abb-01060-2017-02

Peset Mancebo, M. F., Ferrer Sapena, A., Villamón Herrera, M., González Moreno, L. M., Toca Herrera, J.-L., & Aleixandre Benavent, R. (2013). Scientific literature analysis of Judo in Web of Science. Archives of Budo, 9(2), 81-91. DOI:

Prassas, S., Kwon, Y. H., & Sands, W. A. (2006). Biomechanical research in artistic gymnastics: a review. Sports Biomechanics, 5(2), 261-291. doi:10.1080/14763140608522878 DOI:

Prieto, J., Gómez, M.-Á., & Sampaio, J. (2015). A bibliometric review of the scientific production in handball. Cuadernos de Psicología del Deporte, 15(3), 145-154. doi: DOI:

Purnell, M., Shirley, D., Nicholson, L., & Adams, R. (2010). Acrobatic gymnastics injury: Occurrence, site and training risk factors. Physical Therapy in Sport, 11(2), 40-46. doi:10.1016/j.ptsp.2010.01.002 DOI:

Radecki, J., & Schonfeld, R. (2021). The Impacts of COVID-19 on the Research Enterprise: A Landscape Review. Ithaka S+ R. Retrieved from DOI:

Ramos, M. A. A., Ruiz, M. A. M., & Molina, G. M. (2015). The Educational Relevance of Gymnastics Skills: Teachers' Appraisals. Apunts Educacion Fisica Y Deportes(121), 28-35. doi:10.5672/ DOI:

Sandström, U., & van den Besselaar, P. (2016). Quantity and/or Quality? The Importance of Publishing Many Papers. Plos One, 11(11), e0166149. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0166149 DOI:

Silva, M. R. G., Silva, H. H., & Luemba, T. (2020). Anthropometric profile of gymnasts participating in the european games 2015 in baku, azerbaijan. Science of Gymnastics Journal, 12(2), 187-193. DOI:

Sobera, M., Serafin, R., & Rutkowska-Kucharska, A. (2019). Stabilometric profile of handstand technique in male gymnasts. Acta of Bioengineering & Biomechanics, 21(1), 63-71. doi:10.5277/ABB-01267-2018-02

Sterkowicz-Przybycien, K., & Gualdi-Russo, E. (2018). Evaluation of somatotype in artistic gymnastics competitors: a meta-analytical approach. The Journal of sports medicine and physical fitness, 59(3), 449-455. doi:10.23736/S0022-4707.18.08332-9 DOI:

Taboada-Iglesias, Y., Gutierrez-Sanchez, A., & Vernetta, M. (2015). Proportionality Indices and Body Composition of Elite Acrobatic Gymnasts. International Journal of Morphology, 33(3), 996-1001. doi:10.4067/s0717-95022015000300030 DOI:

Taboada-Iglesias, Y., Gutierrez-Sanchez, A., & Vernetta Santana, M. (2016). Anthropometric profile of elite acrobatic gymnasts and prediction of role performance. Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness, 56(4), 433-442. Retrieved from PMID: 25743542

Taboada-Iglesias, Y., Santana, M. V., & Gutiérrez-Sánchez, Á. (2017). Anthropometric Profile in Different Event Categories of Acrobatic Gymnastics. Journal of Human Kinetics, 57(1), 169-179. Retrieved from DOI:

Taboada-Iglesias, Y., Vernetta-Santana, M., Alonso-Fernandez, D., & Gutierrez-Sanchez, A. (2019). Anthropometric Specificity and Level of Participation in Acrobatic Gymnastics Based on Sex. International Journal of Morphology, 37(4), 1534-1540. doi:10.4067/s0717-95022019000401534 DOI:

Vargas, P., & Capraro, A. (2020). The profile of the academic production on men's artistic gymnastics from the web of science and scopus. Science of Gymnastics Journal, 12(3). DOI:

Vernetta-Santana, M., Rojas, N., Montosa, I., & López-Bedoya, J. (2018). Application of tensiomyography to assess the muscle response in the lower limbs of acrobatic gymnasts. European Journal of Human Movement, 40, 96-110.

Vernetta, M., Montosa, I., & López-Bedoya, J. (2019). Lesiones en jóvenes gimnastas femeninas de acrobática de la élite nacional. Revista Iberoamericana de Ciencias de la Actividad Física y el Deporte, 7(3), 71-84. Retrieved from DOI:

Xoana Reguera López, d. l. O., Gutiérrez-Sánchez, Á., & Portela-Pino, I. (2016). Self-concept and Cooperative Work: Assessment of a Program. International Journal of Assessment & Evaluation, 23(1), 11-26. doi: DOI:

Zheng, Y., & Liu, S. (2020). Bibliometric analysis for talent identification by the subject–author–citation three-dimensional evaluation model in the discipline of physical education. Library Hi Tech. Retrieved from DOI:



2023-02-24 — Updated on 2023-02-26




How to Cite

Leite, I., Fonseca, P., Ávila-Carvalho, L., Vilas-Boas, J. P., Goethel, M., Mochizuki, L., & Conceição, F. (2023). THE STATE OF THE ART IN ACROBATIC GYMNASTICS: A BIBLIOMETRIC ANALYSIS. Science of Gymnastics Journal, 15(1), 47-63.

Similar Articles

1-10 of 180

You may also start an advanced similarity search for this article.

Most read articles by the same author(s)