• Hounaida Akkari-Ghazouani Tunisian Research Laboratory “Sport Performance Optimization”, National Centre of Medicine and Science in Sport, Tunisia; High Institute of Sport and Physical Education of Ksar Said, Manouba University, Tunisia
  • Samiha Amara Tunisian Research Laboratory “Sport Performance Optimization”, National Centre of Medicine and Science in Sport, Tunisia; Department of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, College of Education, Sultan Qaboos University, Sultanate of Oman;
  • Monem Jemni Hartpury University, UK
  • Mokhtar Chtara Tunisian Research Laboratory “Sport Performance Optimization”, National Centre of Medicine and Science in Sport, Tunisia; High Institute of Sport and Physical Education of Ksar Said, Manouba University, Tunisia
  • Bessem Mkaouer High Institute of Sport and Physical Education of Ksar Said, Manouba University, Tunisia




Leap, Run-up, Apparatus


This study was conducted to compare the kinetic and kinematic factors of stag ring leap with and without throwing the ball using the two-leg take-off ballet-step “Assemblé” between three different modes in rhythmic gymnastics (RG). Seven members of the Tunisian RG national team (age 18.71±2.69 years; height 1.67±0.04 m; weight 58.43±4.03 kg) took part in this study. A kinetic and kinematic analysis of three stag ring leap execution modes (i.e., assemblé stag ring leap without ball, throw ball assemblé stag ring leap and assemblé throw ball stag ring leap) using two cameras on a specially designed floor carpet where a force plate was integrated was conducted. The result showed that the vertical component of force, the rate of force development, the angle of split legs and the horizontal and vertical velocity were significantly different (P<0.01). In this study, it was found that while performing the stag ring leap element, gymnasts present the highest value in both kinetic and kinematic parameters when throwing the ball during the jump (i.e., assemblé throw ball stag ring leap).  In light of the obtained results, it is recommended that coaches start working with gymnasts on the throws during the jump from their youngest age, as this could help them attain the optimal performances in competition.


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How to Cite

Akkari-Ghazouani, H., Amara, S., Jemni, M., Chtara, M., & Mkaouer, B. (2022). EFFECT OF ASSEMBLÉ-STEP ON KINETIC AND KINEMATIC PARAMETERS OF STAG RING LEAPS WITH AND WITHOUT THROW-CATCH OF THE BALL IN RHYTHMIC GYMNASTICS. Science of Gymnastics Journal, 14(3), 299-310. https://doi.org/10.52165/sgj.14.3.299-310

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