THE SPORTING TRAJECTORY OF ELITE ATHLETES IN ARTISTIC GYMNASTICS: A SYSTEMATIC REVIEW

Authors

  • Pauline Iglesias Vargas Federal University of Paraná, Faculty of Physical Education, Brazil
  • Fabiana Della Giustina dos Reis Federal University of Paraná, Faculty of Physical Education, Brazil
  • Neiva Leite Federal University of Paraná, Faculty of Physical Education, Brazil
  • André Mendes Capraro Federal University of Paraná, Faculty of Physical Education, Brazil

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.52165/sgj.13.3.337-355

Keywords:

gymnastics, career, athletes, review

Abstract

Sporting success may be influenced by several factors, the magnitudes of which are revealed throughout the athletes' training process. This study sought to systematically review research that deals qualitatively with the sporting trajectory of elite athletes in artistic gymnastics (AG). The searches were conducted in the Web of Science and Scopus databases, contemplating studies published before July 2020. Data extraction was organized according to the focus and location of the study (context), participants, and methodology used, whereby we analyzed the variables associated with the athletes' trajectory. We located 318 articles and, after applying the inclusion and exclusion criteria, 15 original studies were selected for the review. The articles used semi-structured interviews with athletes, former athletes, coaches, referees, and managers. In two studies, the authors used methodological assumptions of oral history: one of them documental analysis, and the other ethnography. The systematic review revealed that parental support is essential for insertion and retention in the sport, both for logistical (financing, transportation, organization of school activities) and emotional reasons. Financial support and good training facilities are factors that positively influence success in AG. A healthy relationship between the coach and the athlete is essential, but this relationship is often reported as authoritarian. The post-career phase must be planned and guided so that the transition happens gradually and the athlete is able to seek a new identity.

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Published

2021-10-01

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How to Cite

Vargas, P. I., Reis, F. D. G. dos, Leite, N., & Capraro, A. M. (2021). THE SPORTING TRAJECTORY OF ELITE ATHLETES IN ARTISTIC GYMNASTICS: A SYSTEMATIC REVIEW. Science of Gymnastics Journal, 13(3), 337-355. https://doi.org/10.52165/sgj.13.3.337-355

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