THE EFFECT OF 6-WEEKS WHOLE BODY VIBRATION ON MUSCULAR PERFORMANCE ON YOUNG NON-COMPETITIVE FEMALE ARTISTIC GYMNASTS

Authors

  • George Dallas National and Kapodistrian University of Athens - School of Physical Education and Sport Science, Athens, Greece
  • Alkmini Savvathi National and Kapodistrian University of Athens - School of Physical Education and Sport Science, Athens, Greece
  • Konstantinos Dallas Athens, Greece
  • Maria Maridaki National and Kapodistrian University of Athens - School of Physical Education and Sport Science, Athens, Greece

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.52165/sgj.11.2.151-162

Keywords:

explosive strength, intervention, gymnastics

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of a 6-week whole body vibration-intervention on muscle performance and flexibility on gymnasts. Twenty-two young non-competitive-moderate trained gymnasts that volunteered to participate in the study separated into either the vibration group or the no vibration group according to their training regime. The vibration intervention consisted of a 6-week whole-body vibration, 3 times per week and involved eccentric and concentric squatting movements on a vibration platform with the participants performing three exercises on the vibration device whereas for the no vibration group vibration platform was turned off. Five performance tests (20m running speed, sit & reach test, squat jump, counter movement jump and single leg squat (right leg and left leg) were performed at the beginning of the intervention, and after the end of 6-week intervention program. According to the results significant interaction effect between group and time was found for the running speed and Squat Jump test. On the contrary, significant main effect were found were found for time on the running speed, Squat Jump, Counter movement jump and single leg squat. Conclusively, it has been reported that Whole body vibration is an effective method to improve Squat Jump performance in young non-competitive female artistic gymnasts.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Annino, G., Padua, E., Castagna, C., di Slavo, V., Minichella, S., Tsarpela, O., Manzi, V., & D’Ottavio, S. (2007). Effect of whole-body vibration training on lower limb performance in selected high-level ballet students. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 21, 1072-1076.

Armstrong, W.J., Grinnell, D.C., & Warren, G.S. (2010). The acute effect of whole-body vibration on the vertical jump height. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 24, 2835-2839.

Bazett-Jones, D.M., Finch, H.W., & Dugan, E.L. (2008). Comparing the effects of various whole-body vibration accelerations on counter-movement jump performance. Journal of Sports Science and Medicine, 7, 144-150.

Bosco, C., Cardinale, M., Tsarpela, O., Colli, R., Tihanyi, J., von Duvillard, S.P., & Viru, A. (1998). The influence of whole body vibration on jumping performance, Biology of Sport, 15, 157-164.

Boyer, K.A., & Nigg, M. (2007). Changes in muscle activity in response to different impact forces affect soft tissue compartment mechanical properties. Journal of Biomechanics and Engineering, 129, 594-602.

Cardinale, M., & Bosco, C. (2003). The use of vibration as an exercise intervention. Exercise and Sport Science Review, 31, 3-7

Cardinale, M., & Wakeling, J. (2005). Whole body vibration exercise: are vibrations good for you? British Journal of Sports Medicine, 39, 585-589.

Carson, R.G., Popple, A.E., Verschueren, S.M.P., & Riek, S. (2010). Superimposed vibration confers no additional benefit compared with resistance training alone. Scandinavian Journal of Medicine and Science in Sports, 20, 827-833.

Chen, C.H., Liu, C., Chuang, L.R., Chung, P.H., & Shiang, T.Y. (2014). Chronic effects of whole-body vibration on jumping performance and body balance using different frequencies and amplitudes with identical acceleration load. Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport, 17, 107-112.

Cochrane, D.J. (2013). The effect of acute vibration exercise on short-distance sprinting and reactive agility. Journal of Sports Science and Medicine, 12, 497-501.

Cole, K.J., & Mahoney, S.E. (2010). Effect of five weeks of Whole Body Vibration training on speed, power, and flexibility. Clinical Kinesiology, 64, 1-7.

Cormie, P., Deane, R.S., Triplett, N.T., & McBride, J.M. (2006). Acute effects of whole-body vibration on muscle activity, strength, and power. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 20(2), 257-261

Costa, E.C., Moreira, A., Cavalcanti, B., Krinski, K., & Aoki, M.S. (2015). Effect of unilateral and bilateral resistance exercise on maximal voluntary strength, total volume of load lifted, and perceptual and metabolic responses. Biology of Sport, 32, 35-40.

Dallas, G., & Kirialanis, P. (2013). The effect of two different conditions of whole-body vibration on flexibility and jumping performance on artistic gymnasts. Science of Gymnastics Journal, 5, 67-77.

Dallas, G., Kirialanis, P., and Mellos, V. (2014a). The acute effect of Whole-Body Vibration on flexibility and explosive strength of young gymnasts. Biology of Sport, 31, 233-237.

Dallas, G., Paradisis, G., Kirialanis, P., Mellos, V., Argitaki, P., & Smirniotou A. (2015). The acute effect of different training load of whole body vibration on flexibility and explosive strength of lower limbs on divers. Biology of Sport, 32, 235-241.

Dallas, G., Tsiganos, G., Tsolakis, Ch., Tsopani, D., Di Cagno, A., & Smirniotou, A. (2014b). The acute effect of different stretching methods on flexibility and jumping performance in competitive artistic gymnasts. Journal of Sport Medicine and Physical Fittness, 54, 683-690.

Dallas, G., Mavidis, A., Kirialanis, P., Papouliakos, S. (2017). The effect of 8-weeks of whole body vibration training on static balance and explosive strength of lower limbs on physical education students. Acta Gymnica, 47(4): 153-160.

De Gail, P., Lance, J.W., & Neilson, P.D. (1966). Differential effects on tonic and phasic reflex mechanisms produced by vibration of muscles in man. Journal of Neurolology and Neurosurgery Psychiatry, 29, 1–11.

Fernandez-Rio, J., Terrados, N., & Suman, O. (2012). Long-term effects of whole-body vibration training in high-level female basketball players. Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness, 52, 18-26.

Hand, J., Verschuere, S., & Osternig, L. (2009). A Comparison of Whole-Body Vibration and Resistance Training on Total Work in the Rotator Cuff. Journal of Athletic Training, 44, 469-474.

Hortobagyi, T., Lesisnski, M., Fernandez-del-Olmo, M, & Granacher, U. (2015). Small and inconsistent effects of whole body vibration on athletic performance: a systematic review and meta-analysis. European Journal of Applied Physiology, 115, 1605-1625.

Marin, P.J., Rhea,& M.R. (2010). Effects of Vibration Training on Muscle Strength: A Meta-Analysis. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 24, 548-556.

Marshall, L.C., & Wyon, M.A. (2012). The effect of whole-body vibration on jump height and active range of movement in female dancers. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 26, 789-793.

Moezy, A., Olyaei, G., Hadian, M., Razi, M., & Faghihzadeh, S. (2008). A comparative study of whole body vibration training and conventional training on knee proprioception and postural stability after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction. British Journal of Sport Medicine, 42, 373-378

Nordlund, M.M., & Thorstensson, A. (2007). Strength training effects of whole body vibration? Scandinavian Journal of Medicine and Science in Sport,17, 12-17

Paradisis, G., & Zacharogiannis, Ε. (2007). Effects of whole-body vibration training on sprint running kinematics and explosive strength performance. Journal of Sport Science and Medicine, 6, 44-49.

Pérez-Turpin, J.A., Zmijewski, P., Jimenez-Olmedo, J.M., Jové-Tossi, M.A., Martínez-Carbonell, A., Suárez-Llorca, C., & Andreu-Cabrera, E. (2014). Effects of whole-body-vibration on strength and jumping performance in volleyball and each volleyball players. Biology of Sport, 31, 239-245.

Pollock, R.D., Woledge, R.C., Martin, F.C., & Newham, D.J. (2012). Effects of whole body vibration on motor unit recruitment and threshold. Journal of Applied Physiology, 112, 388-395.

Preatoni, E., Colombo, A., Verga, M., Galvani, C., Faina, M., Rodano, R., Preatoni, E., & Cardinale, M. (2012). The effects of whole body vibration in isolation or combined with strength training in female athletes. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 26, 2495-2506.

Rehn, B., Lidstrom, J., Skoglund, J., & Lindstrom, B. (2007). Effects on leg muscular performance from whole-body vibration exercise: A systematic review. Scandinavian Journal of Medicine and Science in Sports, 17, 2-11.

Roberts, B., Hunter, I., Hopkins, T.Y., & Feland, B. (2009). The short-term effect of whole-body-vibration training on sprint start performance in collegiate athletes. International Journal of Exercise and Science, 2, 264-267.

Rohmert, W., Wos, H., Norlander, S., & Helbig, R. (1989). Effects of vibration on arm and shoulder muscles in three body postures. European Journal of Applied Physiology and Occupation Physiology, 59, 243-248.

Ronnestad, B.R. (2004). Comparing the performance-enhancing effects of squats on a vibration plate with conventional squats in recreational resistance-trained men. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 18(4), 839-845

Rothmuller, C., & Cafarelli, E. (1995). Effect of vibration on antagonist muscle coactivation during progressive fatigue in humans. Journal of Physiology, 485, 857-864

Sands, W.A., McNeal, J.R., Stone, M.H., Russell, E.M., & Jemni, M. (2006). Flexibility Enhancement with Vibration: Acute and Long-Term. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 38, 720-5

Sands, W.A., McNeal, J.R., Stone, M.H., Haff, G.G., & Kinser, A.M. (2008). Effect of vibration on forward split flexibility and pain perception in young male gymnasts. International Journal of Sports and Physiology Performance, 3, 469-81

Shin, S., Lee, K., & Song, C. (2015). Acute effects of unilateral whole body vibration training non single leg vertical jump height and symmetry in healthy men. Journal of Physical Therapy and Science, 27, 3923-3928.

Stone, M.H., Ramsey, M.W., Kinser, A.M., O’Bryant, H.S., Ayres, C., & Sands, W.A. (2006). Stretching: acute and chronic? The potential consequences. Strength and Condition Journal, 28, 66-74.

Swearingen, J., Lawrence, E., Stevens, J., Jackson, C., Waggy, C., & Davis, D.S. (2011). Correlation of single leg vertical jump, single leg hop for distance, and single leg hop for time. Physical Therapy in Sport, 12, 194-198.

Torvinen, S., Kannus, P., Sievanen, H., et al. (2002a). Effect of four-month vertical whole body vibration on performance and balance. Medicine and Science in Sport and Exercise, 34(9), 1523-1528

Tsopani, D., Dallas, G., Tsiganos, G., Papouliakos, S., Di Cagno, A., Korres, G., Riga, M., & Korres, St. (2014). Short-term effect of whole-body vibration training on balance, flexibility and lower limb explosive strength in elite rhythmic gymnasts. Human Movement Science, 33, 149-158.

Wyon, M., Guinan, D., & Hawkey, A. (2010). Whole-body vibration training increases vertical jump height in a dance population. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 24, 866-870.

Downloads

Published

2019-06-01

Issue

Section

Articles

How to Cite

Dallas, G., Savvathi, A., Dallas, K., & Maridaki, M. (2019). THE EFFECT OF 6-WEEKS WHOLE BODY VIBRATION ON MUSCULAR PERFORMANCE ON YOUNG NON-COMPETITIVE FEMALE ARTISTIC GYMNASTS. Science of Gymnastics Journal, 11(2), 151-162. https://doi.org/10.52165/sgj.11.2.151-162

Similar Articles

1-10 of 174

You may also start an advanced similarity search for this article.