DIFFERENCES IN VAULT RUN-UP VELOCITY IN ELITE GYMNASTS

Authors

  • Lucija Milčić University of Zagreb, Faculty of Kinesiology, Croatia
  • Kamenka Živčić University of Zagreb, Faculty of Kinesiology, Croatia
  • Tomislav Krističević University of Zagreb, Faculty of Kinesiology, Croatia

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.52165/sgj.11.2.201-207

Keywords:

artistic gymnastics, vault, velocity, run-up

Abstract

The aim of this study was to compare differences in run-up velocity between Handsprings, Tsukahara and Yurchenko entry on vault. A sample consisted of 48 jumps performed on vault, 19 Handsprings, 17 Tsukahara and 12 Yurchenko entry on vault. Data were collected on a World Cup competition held in Osijek, 2017. Run-up velocity was measured by speed radar gun (Stalker ATS, S PRO II). Descriptive statistic was calculated for all variables and differences in run-up velocity were determined by one-way ANOVA and Bonferroni post-hoc test at the level of statistical significance at p<.05. Average run-up velocity at Handspring entry was 8,06 m/s, Tsukahara, 8,06 m/s and Yurchenko entry on vault table was 7,66 m/s. ANOVA showed that exist statistical significant differences in run-up velocity between handspring and Yurchenko and between Tsukahara and Yurchenko entry. The results of this study indicated that different entry on vault table has different run-up velocity, which will help coaches and scientists to improve the vault technique.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Atiković, A., & Smajlović, N. (2011). Relation between vault difficulty values and biomechanical parameters in men's artistic gymnastics. Science of Gymnastics Journal, 3(3), 91-105.

Bradshaw, E. (2004). Target-directed running in gymnastics: a preliminary exploration of vaulting. Sports Biomechanics, 3(1), 125-144.

Bradshaw, E., Hume, P.A., Carlton, M. & Aisbett, B. (2010). Reliability and variability of day-to-day vault training measures in artistic gymnastics. Sports Biomechanics, 9, 18.

Brehmer, S.N. (2011). Age-related development of run-up velocity on vault. Science of Gymnastics Journal, 3.

Chelly, S.M., & Denis, C. (2001). Leg power and hopping stiffness: relationship with sprint running performance. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 33(2), 326-333.

Čuk, I., Bricelj, A., Bučar, M., Turšič, B., Atiković, A. (2007). Relations between start value of vault and runway velocity in top level male artistic gymnastics. In N.Smajlović (Ed.), Proceedings Book of 2rd International Scientific Symposium, Sarajevo, 2007, “NTS New Technolgies in Sport”, (p. 64-67). Sarajevo: Faculty of Sport and PE, University of Sarajevo.

Čuk, I., & Karacsony, I. (2004). Vault: methods, ideas, curiosities, history: ŠTD Sangvinčki.

di Prampero, P.E., Fusi, S., Sepulcri, L., Morin, J.B., Belli, A., & Antonutto, G. (2005). Sprint running: a new energetic approach. Journal of experimental Biology, 208(14), 2809-2816.

Dolenec, A., Čuk, I., Karacsony, I., Bricelj, A., Čoh, M. (2006). Runway characteristics of vault in women gymnastics. Kalokagathia, 3(4), 127-136.

Farana, R., Uchytil, J., Zahradník, D., Jandacka, D., & Vaverka, F. (2014). Differences in the key kinematic parameters of difficult Handpsring and Tsukahara vaults performed by elite male gymnasts. Science of Gymnastics Journal, 6(2), 53-61.

Ferkolj, M. (2010). A kinematic analysis of the handspring double salto forward tucked on a new style of vaulting table. Science of Gymnastics Journal, 2(1), 35-48.

Fernandes, S.M.B., Carrara, P., Serrão, J.C., Amadio, A.C., & Mochizuki, L. (2016). Kinematic variables of table vault on artistic gymnastics. Revista Brasileira de Educação Física e Esporte, 30(1), 97-107.

Fujihara, T. (2016). Revisiting run-up velocity in gymnastics vaulting. In M. Ae, Y. Enomoto & N. Fujii, H. Takagi (Eds.), Proceedings of 34 International Conference on Biomechanics in Sports, Tsukuba, Japan (p. 593-596). Michigan: Northern Michigan University.

Krug, J., K. Knoll, Kothe, T. & Zocher, H.D. (1998). Running approach velocity and energy transformation in difficult vaults in gymnastics. In: H.J. Riehle, M.M. Vieten, (Ed.), ISBS '98 XVI International symposium on biomechanics in sports, (p.160-163). Germany: UVK – Universitatsverlag.

Harrison, A.J., Jensen, R.L., & Donoghue, O. (2005). A comparison of laser and video techniques for determining displacement and velocity during running. Measurement in physical education and exercise science, 9(4), 219-231.

Haugen, T., & Buchheit, M. (2016). Sprint running performance monitoring: methodological and practical considerations. Sports Medicine, 46(5), 641-656.

Morin, J.B., Jeannin, T., Chevallier, B., & Belli, A. (2006). Spring-mass model characteristics during sprint running: correlation with performance and fatigue-induced changes. International journal of sports medicine, 27(02), 158-165.

Naundorf, F., Brehmer, S., Knoll, K., Bronst, A., & Wagner, R. (2008). Development of the velocity for vault runs in artistic gymnastics for the last decade. In Y.H. Kwon, J. Shim, J.K. Shim & I.S. Shin (Eds.), Proceedings of 26 International Conference on Biomechanics in Sports, Seoul, Korea (p.481-484). Germany: University of Konstanz.

Prassas, S., & Gianikellis, K. (2002). Vaulting mechanics. In K. E. Gianikellis (Ed.), Proceedings of 20 International Symposium of Biomechanics in Sports, Cáceres, Spain (p. 1-4). Germany: University of Konstanz.

Prassas, S., Kwon, Y.H., & Sands, W.A. (2006). Biomechanical research in artistic gymnastics: a review. Sports Biomechanics, 5(2), 261-291.

Sands, W.A. (2000). Vault run speeds. Technique, 20(4), 1-5.

Sands, W.A., & McNeal, J.R. (2002). Some guidelines on the transition from the old horse to the new table. Technique, 22, 22-23.

Takei, Y., Dunn, J.H., Blucker, E.P., Nohara, H. & Yamashita, N. (2000). Techniques used in high- and lowscoring Hecht vaults performed at the 1995 World Gymnastics Championships. Journal of Applied Biomechanics, 16, 180-195.

Takei, Y., Dunn, J.H., & Blucker, E.P. (2007). Somersaulting techniques used in high-scoring and low-scoring Roche vaults performed by male Olympic gymnasts. Journal of sports sciences, 25(6), 673-685.

Van der Eb, J.V.D.E., Filius, M., Rougoor, G., Van Niel, C., de Water, J., Coolen, B., & de Koning, H. (2012). Optimal velocity profiles for vault. In ISBS-Conference Proceedings Archive (Vol. 1, No. 1).

Veličković, S., Petković, D., & Petković, E. (2011). A case study about differences in characteristics of the run-up approach on the vault between top-class and middle-class gymnasts. Science of Gymnastics Journal, 3(1), 25-34.

Živčić Marković, K., & Krističević T., (2016). Osnove sportske gimnastike. [Basics of gymnastics]. Zagreb: Faculty of Kinesiology, University of Zagreb.

Downloads

Published

2019-06-01

Issue

Section

Articles

How to Cite

Milčić, L., Živčić, K., & Krističević, T. (2019). DIFFERENCES IN VAULT RUN-UP VELOCITY IN ELITE GYMNASTS. Science of Gymnastics Journal, 11(2), 201-207. https://doi.org/10.52165/sgj.11.2.201-207

Similar Articles

1-10 of 180

You may also start an advanced similarity search for this article.