• Megan Benzie Duke University School of Medicine



gymnastics, Achilles Rupture, Return-to-Sport, Physical Therapy


Achilles tendon ruptures in collegiate gymnastics have significantly increased in the past few years, with 20 ruptures in the first three weeks of competition alone in 2020 according to Bonanno et al., 2022. Female gymnasts are ten times more likely to tear their Achilles than any other college athletes, with an incidence of 16.73/100,000. Men’s basketball has the next highest incidence at 4.26/100,000 (Bonanno et al., 2022). Contributing factors for the increase in ruptures are not well researched or understood. This paper will explore the relevant literature on the risk factors of tears and return to sport protocols. It will touch on early rehab but mainly focus on return to sport testing and progression for gymnastics from a physical therapy perspective. It will explore topics discussed in interviews with numerous sports physical therapists with extensive gymnastics or collegiate athletics experience. Gymnastics is a very technical sport where each athlete has individual skills with different biomechanical requirements; therefore, needs vary between athletes. This paper aims to address the transition phase between the time when surgical protocols allow a return to sport and the actual return to performance during recovery. In this specific domain, there is an ongoing need for prospective, longitudinal studies to investigate testing and outcome measures tailored to gymnastics. These studies can play a crucial role in guiding athletes, trainers, coaches, and therapists in facilitating a safe and effective return to performance after surgery.


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How to Cite

Benzie, M. (2024). ACHILLES RUPTURES AND RETURN TO SPORT IN GYMNASTICS: AN OVERVIEW. Science of Gymnastics Journal, 16(1), 29-41.

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