The Influence of Water Hardness on the Agronomic Traits of Foreign Fibre Flax Varieties in the Republic of Croatia


  • Jasminka Butorac University of Zagreb, Faculty of Agriculture, Department of Field Crops Forage and Grassland, Svetošimunska cesta 25, 10000 Zagreb, Croatia Author
  • Ružica Brunšek University of Zagreb, Faculty of Textile Technology, Department of Materials, Fibres and Textile Testing, Prilaz baruna Filipovića 28a, 10000 Zagreb, Croatia Author
  • Milan Pospišil University of Zagreb, Faculty of Agriculture, Department of Field Crops Forage and Grassland, Svetošimunska cesta 25, 10000 Zagreb, Croatia Author
  • Zvjezdana Augustinović College of Agriculture at Križevci, Milislava Demerca 1, 48260 Križevci, Croatia Author



agronomic traits, fibre flax, varieties, water hardness


The amount and quality of fibres depend on a whole range of factors, the most important being variety, agroecological conditions, agrotechnics and the degree of fibre flax plant maturity, the purpose for which flax is grown, retting and processing. The retting of fibre flax is the most complex stage in the processing of flax into fibre. The aim of this study was to gain knowledge about the acclimatization ability of foreign varieties that can potentially be adapted to climatic in Republic Croatia. Therefore, this paper presents the results of achieved agronomic traits (dry stem yield, dry stem after retting, total fibre yield, long fibre yield, share of total fibre and share of long fibre) of five foreign varieties of fibre flax. The selected varieties were retted in very soft, medium hard and hard water. Variety trials with fibre flax were set up over three years (2012–2014) at two locations (Zagreb) on anthropogenized eutric cambisol and (Križevci) on pseudogley on level terrain. The trials were carried out according to the RCBD in four replications. According to the results of the three-year research into the agronomic traits of fibre flax, significant differences were identified among the varieties studied. The varieties Agatha, Viola and Electra recorded the highest values of studied traits. Statistically significant differences were only recorded among different water hardness for long fibre yield in 2012 and share of total fibre in 2013 in Zagreb. The highest yields and share of fibres were recorded when the fibre flax was retted in very soft water.


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How to Cite

Butorac, J., Brunšek, R., Pospišil, M., & Augustinović, Z. (2022). The Influence of Water Hardness on the Agronomic Traits of Foreign Fibre Flax Varieties in the Republic of Croatia . Tekstilec, 65(3), 218-226.

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