Development of Anti-Bacterial and Anti-Viral Nonwoven Surgical Masks for Medical Applications


  • Mazyar Ahrari Bursa Uludag University, Faculty of Engineering, Textile Engineering Department, Gorukle Campus, 16059, Nilufer, Bursa, Turkey Author
  • Mehmet Karahan Bursa Uludag University, Vocational School of technical Sciences, 16059, Nilufer, Bursa, Turkey Author
  • Muzzamal Hussain National Textile University, School of Engineering & Technology, Faisalabad, 37610, Punjab, Pakistan Author
  • Yasir Nawab National Textile University, School of Engineering & Technology, Faisalabad, 37610, Punjab, Pakistan Author
  • Asfandyar Khan National Textile University, School of Engineering & Technology, Faisalabad, 37610, Punjab, Pakistan Author
  • Amir Abbas Shirazi Bahauddin Zakariya University, College of Textile Engineering, Multan, 60000, Punjab, Pakistan Author



polypropylene, nonwoven fabric, antimicrobial, silver nanoparticles


This article aims to investigate the development of surgical masks for medical applications by incorporating biocidal silver nanoparticles. Medical masks were developed in three layers of a nonwoven fabric, where the outer and inner layers were made of a spun-bond polypropylene nonwoven fabric and the middle layer con­sisted of a melt-blown nonwoven polypropylene fabric. In this study, silver nanoparticles in the concentrations of 1–5% were applied to masks with the pad-dry-cure method. The samples were cured at room temperature and subsequently examined for antimicrobial properties. Scanning electron microscopy, energy dispersive spectroscopy and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy were used to investigate the morphological charac­teristics and chemical composition of the samples. Microbial cleanliness, bacterial filtration efficiency, antiviral effect and breathability tests were performed according to standard test protocols. The results revealed that the application of silver nanoparticles to a three-layer mask rendered the end product with outstanding anti­microbial and antiviral properties with poor breathability (air permeability) results.


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How to Cite

Ahrari, M., Karahan, M., Hussain, M., Nawab, Y., Khan, A., & Shirazi, A. A. (2020). Development of Anti-Bacterial and Anti-Viral Nonwoven Surgical Masks for Medical Applications. Tekstilec, 65(2), 135-146.

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