Adsorbent from Textile Waste for Removal of Textile Reactive Dye from Water – Equilibrium Adsorption and Kinetics

Authors

  • Aleksandra Micic University of Nis, Faculty of Technology, Bulevar oslobodjenja 124, 16 000 Leskovac, Serbia Author
  • Ivanka Ristic Academy of Vocational Studies Southern Serbia, Department of Technological Art Studies, Vilema Pušmana 17, Leskovac, Serbia Author
  • Suzana Djordjevic Academy of Vocational Studies Southern Serbia, Department of Technological Art Studies, Vilema Pušmana 17, Leskovac, Serbia Author
  • Nebojsa Ristic Academy of Vocational Studies Southern Serbia, Department of Technological Art Studies, Vilema Pušmana 17, Leskovac, Serbia Author
  • Dragan Djordjevic University of Nis, Faculty of Technology, Bulevar oslobodjenja 124, 16 000 Leskovac, Serbia Author https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8223-9474

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.14502/Tekstilec2021.64.286-297

Keywords:

cotton knitted fabric, cutting, adsorbent, reactive dye, the Langmuir model, kinetics

Abstract

The removal of textile reactive dye from an aqueous solution on a new adsorbent prepared from waste cotton knitted fabric was investigated in this study. Waste cotton textile, used for the production of adsorbents, is a by-product of the cutting of stacked parts of cotton knitwear planned for the production of women’s T-shirts. The degree of efficiency of a paper pattern determines the amount of collected waste. The qualitative and quantitative characterization of the new adsorbent showed carbon and oxygen to be dominant in the chemical composition. A longer contact time means a greater amount of dye on the adsorbent, i.e. the dye concentration in the solution decreases with the duration of the adsorption process. The percentage of removed dye decreases with an increase in the initial dye concentration in the solution. However, the actual amount of adsorbed dye increases as the initial dye concentration increases. The results for equilibrium adsorption show that the Langmuir isotherm can be used for the interpretation of reactive dye adsorption on a new adsorbent. The pseudo-first order model can be fully used to describe the kinetics of dye adsorption on an adsorbent, with respect to valid results for statistical indicators. Based on the results, it can be concluded that the new adsorbent obtained from waste textiles has the potential to remove textile reactive dye from aqueous solutions.

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References

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Published

2021-11-15

Issue

Section

Scientific article

How to Cite

Micic, A., Ristic, I., Djordjevic, S., Ristic, N., & Djordjevic, D. (2021). Adsorbent from Textile Waste for Removal of Textile Reactive Dye from Water – Equilibrium Adsorption and Kinetics. Tekstilec, 64(4), 286-297. https://doi.org/10.14502/Tekstilec2021.64.286-297

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