Use of Banana Peel in the Development of a Less Flammable Polyester Composite


  • Ferdausee Rahman Anannya BGMEA University of Fashion and Technology, Nishatnagar, Dhour, Dhaka 1230, Bangladesh Author
  • Farhana Afroz BGMEA University of Fashion and Technology, Nishatnagar, Dhour, Dhaka 1230, Bangladesh Author
  • Golam Kibria BGMEA University of Fashion and Technology, Nishatnagar, Dhour, Dhaka 1230, Bangladesh Author
  • Md. Lutfor Rahman Primeasia University, 12-Kemal Ataturk Avenue, Banani, Dhaka 1213, Bangladesh Author
  • Nasrin Jamine BGMEA University of Fashion and Technology, Nishatnagar, Dhour, Dhaka 1230, Bangladesh Author
  • Md. Arif Mahmud Ahsanullah University of Science and Technology, 141, 142 Love Road, Tejgaon Industrial Area, Dhaka 1208 , Bangladesh Author



tensile strength, viscosity, hydrophobicity, flame retardancy, char


This study attempted to produce a cheap polyester composite material using an agricultural waste banana peel in the structure. Banana fibre has been used in composites as reinforcements, but banana peel has never been used with polyester before. The possibility of improved thermal and flammability properties of a composite due to increased moisture in the structure, and the char-forming ability of the cellulosic part of banana peel or the production of highly flammable material due to the presence of carbohydrates in the structure were the assumptions. To tackle the second assumption, aluminium trihydrate (ATH) was added. The handmade composites showed a drastic drop in tensile strength from 38.02 MPa to 16.72 MPa due to a lack of chemical bonding between the constituents. The impact and flexural strength showed some improvement with the addition of banana peel, along with ATH, to record results of 10.92 kg/cm and 49 MPa, respectively, after the initial drop that occurred when only ATH was added. However, these results were still inferior to the properties of pure polyester. The results of flammability and thermal resistance matched the second assumption, as flame retardancy was kept under control by the presence of ATH. The absorbency properties remained almost unaffected.


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How to Cite

Anannya, F. R., Afroz, F., Kibria, G., Rahman, M. L., Jamine, N., & Mahmud, M. A. (2022). Use of Banana Peel in the Development of a Less Flammable Polyester Composite. Tekstilec, 65(4), 278-297.

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