Uporaba bananinega olupka pri razvoju manj vnetljivega poliestrskega kompozita

Avtorji

  • Ferdausee Rahman Anannya BGMEA University of Fashion and Technology, Nishatnagar, Dhour, Dhaka 1230, Bangladesh
  • Farhana Afroz BGMEA University of Fashion and Technology, Nishatnagar, Dhour, Dhaka 1230, Bangladesh
  • Golam Kibria BGMEA University of Fashion and Technology, Nishatnagar, Dhour, Dhaka 1230, Bangladesh
  • Md. Lutfor Rahman Primeasia University, 12-Kemal Ataturk Avenue, Banani, Dhaka 1213, Bangladesh
  • Nasrin Jamine BGMEA University of Fashion and Technology, Nishatnagar, Dhour, Dhaka 1230, Bangladesh
  • Md. Arif Mahmud Ahsanullah University of Science and Technology, 141, 142 Love Road, Tejgaon Industrial Area, Dhaka 1208 , Bangladesh https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7879-0175

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.14502/tekstilec.65.2022074

Ključne besede:

natezna trdnost, viskoznost, hidrofobnost, negorljivost, zoglenelost

Povzetek

V tej raziskavi je predstavljen poskus izdelati poceni poliestrski kompozit z uporabo bananinega olupka kot kmetijskega odpadka. Bananina vlakna so že bila uporabljena v kompozitih kot ojačitev, bananin olupek pa do zdaj še ni bil uporabljen skupaj s poliestrom. Predvidena je bila možnost za izboljšanje toplotnih lastnosti in vnetljivosti kompozita zaradi povečane vlage v strukturi in sposobnosti pooglenitve celuloznega dela bananinega olupka ali izdelava lahko vnetljivega materiala zaradi prisotnosti ogljikovih hidratov v strukturi. V zvezi z drugo predpostavko je bil dodan aluminijev trihidrat (ATH). Ročno izdelani kompoziti so, ker ni kemičnih vezi med sestavinami, pokazali drastičen padec natezne trdnosti z 38,02 MPa na 16,72 MPa. Udarna in upogibna trdnost sta se nekoliko izboljšali z dodatkom bananinega olupka in ATH skupaj, kjer so bile izmerjene vrednosti 10,92 kg/cm oziroma 49 MPa višje kot na vzorcih, kjer je bil dodan samo ATH. Vendar so bili ti rezultati še vedno slabši od lastnosti čistega poliestra. Rezultati vnetljivosti in toplotnega upora so potrdili drugo predpostavko, saj je bila odpornost proti gorenju pod nadzorom zaradi prisotnosti ATH. Vpojnost je ostala skoraj nespremenjena.

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Objavljeno

14.12.2022

Kako citirati

Anannya, F. R., Afroz, F., Kibria, G., Rahman, M. L., Jamine, N., & Mahmud, M. A. (2022). Uporaba bananinega olupka pri razvoju manj vnetljivega poliestrskega kompozita. Tekstilec, 65(4), 278–297. https://doi.org/10.14502/tekstilec.65.2022074

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