Modelling the Effect of Resin-Finishing Process Variables on the Dimensional Stability and Bursting Strength of Viscose Plain Knitted Fabric Using a Fuzzy Expert System

Authors

  • Ismail Hossain Khulna University of Engineering and Technology (KUET), Department of Textile Engineering, Khulna-9203, Bangladesh Author https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2705-3463
  • Md. Hasib Uddin University Putra Malaysia, Putra Business Schools, Selangor, Malaysia Author
  • Altab Hossain Military Institute of Science and Technology, Department of Nuclear Science and Engineering, Dhaka, Bangladesh Author
  • Mohammad Abdul Jalil Khulna University of Engineering and Technology (KUET), Department of Textile Engineering, Khulna-9203, Bangladesh Author
  • Zulhash Uddin Bangladesh University of Textile, Faculty of Chemical Processing Engineering, Dhaka, Bangladesh Author

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.14502/Tekstilec2021.64.119-135

Keywords:

cellulose, modelling, FES model, fuzzy inference, dyeing, textiles

Abstract

The application of cross-linking resin is an effective method for improving and controlling dimensional stability, such as the shrinkage of viscose single jersey knits. However, such treatment often leads to a significant deterioration in the bursting strength of treated fabrics. In this regard, resin treatment using a softening agent can be an additional potential solution for retaining the bursting strength of treated fabrics. Resin treatment is one kind of chemical finishing process that inhibits cellulosic textile fibre swelling during wetting, provides fibre resistance to deformation and prevents shrinkage. The key objective of this study was to model the effect of resin-finishing process variables for predicting the shrinkage control and bursting strength of viscose single jersey knitted fabrics. The MATLAB (Version 8.2.0.701) fuzzy expert system was used to model the optimum resin and softener concentrations, as well as the best curing time for the prediction of maximum shrinkage control with a minimum loss in fabric bursting strength. The optimal process variables were found to be a resin concentration of 75 g/l, a softener concentration of 45 g/l and a curing time of 225 seconds. The fuzzy expert model developed in this study was validated using experimental data. It was found that the model has the ability and accuracy to predict fabric shrinkage and bursting strength effectively in the non-linear field.

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References

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Published

2021-03-28

Issue

Section

Scientific article

How to Cite

Hossain, I., Uddin, M. H., Hossain, A., Jalil, M. A., & Uddin, Z. (2021). Modelling the Effect of Resin-Finishing Process Variables on the Dimensional Stability and Bursting Strength of Viscose Plain Knitted Fabric Using a Fuzzy Expert System. Tekstilec, 64(2), 119-135. https://doi.org/10.14502/Tekstilec2021.64.119-135

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