Optimization of Knitted Fabrics for better Thermo-Physiological Comfort by using Taguchi-based Principal Component Analysis

Authors

  • Kashaf Kazmi National Textile University, School of Arts and Design, Department of Design, Sheikhupura Road, Faisalabad - 37610, Pakistan Author
  • Zafar Javed National Textile University, School of Arts and Design, Department of Design, Sheikhupura Road, Faisalabad - 37610, Pakistan Author
  • Muhammad Salman National Textile University, School of Engineering and Technology, Department of Textile Engineering, Sheikhupura Road, Faisalabad - 37610, Pakistan Author
  • Fatima Iftikhar National Textile University, School of Engineering and Technology, Department of Textile Engineering, Sheikhupura Road, Faisalabad - 37610, Pakistan Author
  • Naseer Ahmed National Textile University, School of Science, Department of Applied Science, Sheikhupura Road, Faisalabad - 37610, Pakistan Author
  • Jawad Naeem National Textile University, School of Engineering and Technology, Department of Textile Engineering, Sheikhupura Road, Faisalabad - 37610, Pakistan Author
  • Abdul Jabbar National Textile University, School of Engineering and Technology, Department of Textile Engineering, Sheikhupura Road, Faisalabad - 37610, Pakistan Author
  • Mehmet Karahan Uludag University Vocational School of Technical Sciences, Görükle 16059 Nilüfer, Bursa, Turkey Author https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3915-5598
  • M. Salman Naeem National Textile University, School of Arts and Design, Department of Design, Sheikhupura Road, Faisalabad - 37610, Pakistan Author

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.14502/tekstilec.65.2022024

Keywords:

fibre blends, fabric construction, heat and transmission properties of fabric, statistical analysis

Abstract

The water, air permeability and thermal resistance of fabrics are important attributes that have a significant impact on the thermal comfort properties of sportswear fabrics in different environmental conditions. In this work, terry and fleece fabrics were developed by varying the fibre content and mass per unit area of fabrics. Moreover, the thermo-physical properties of the developed fabrics, including air permeability, water vapor permeability and thermal resistance, were analysed before and after washing. The multi-response optimization of the thermal comfort properties of knitted fabrics was performed using principal component analysis (PCA) and the Taguchi signal-to-noise ratio (PCA-S/N ratio) to achieve optimal properties. It was determined that the selected parameters (fabric type, finishing, fibre content and fabric mass per unit area) had a significant effect on the thermal comfort properties of knitted fabrics. The PCA analysis showed that 100% cotton terry fabric before washing with an aerial weight of 220 g/m2 had higher air and water vapor permeability value, but a lower thermal resistance value.

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References

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Published

2023-02-06

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Section

Scientific article

How to Cite

Kazmi, K., Javed, Z., Salman, M., Iftikhar, F., Ahmed, N., Naeem, J., Jabbar, A., Karahan, M., & Naeem, M. S. (2023). Optimization of Knitted Fabrics for better Thermo-Physiological Comfort by using Taguchi-based Principal Component Analysis. Tekstilec, 66(1), 18-30. https://doi.org/10.14502/tekstilec.65.2022024

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