Adhesion of New Thermoplastic Materials Printed on Textile Fabrics


  • Göksal Erdem Faculty of Engineering and Mathematics, Bielefeld University of Applied Sciences and Arts, 33619 Bielefeld, Germany Author
  • Timo Grothe Faculty of Engineering and Mathematics, Bielefeld University of Applied Sciences and Arts, 33619 Bielefeld, Germany Author
  • Andrea Ehrmann Faculty of Engineering and Mathematics, Bielefeld University of Applied Sciences and Arts, 33619 Bielefeld, Germany Author



3D printing, fused deposition modeling (FDM), high-performance polymers, high-performance polyolefin, fiber-reinforced polymers


Combining 3D printing, especially fused deposition modelling (FDM) as a material extrusion technique, with textile fabrics can lead to full-layer composites as well as partly reinforced textiles with different mechanical properties at different positions. While the combination of both techniques enables the production of new kinds of objects different from common fibre-reinforced matrices, the adhesion between both materials is still challenging and the subject of intense research activities. Besides well-known setup and printing parameters, such as the distance between nozzle and fabric or the extrusion temperature, material combinations, in particular, strongly influence the adhesion between 3D printed polymer and textile fabric. In this study, we investigate composites of woven fabrics from cotton (CO), polyester (PES) and a material blend (CO/PES) with newly developed thermoplastic materials for FDM printing, and show that depending on the FDM polymer, the adhesion can differ by a factor of more than four for different blends, comparing highest and lowest adhesion.


Download data is not yet available.


POPESCU, Diana, ZAPCIU, Aurelian, AMZA, Catalin, BACIU, Florin, MARINESCU, Rodica. FDM process parameters influence over the mechanical properties of polymer specimens: a review. Polymer Testing, 2018, 69, 157166, doi: 10.1016/j.polymertesting.2018.05.020.

OVIEDO, A. M., PUENTE, A.H., BERNAL, C., PEREZ, E. Mechanical evaluation of polymeric filaments and their corresponding 3D printed samples. Polymer Testing, 2020, 88, 117, doi: 10.1016/j.polymertesting.2020.106561.

ZOHDI, Nima, YANG, Richard (Chunhui). Material anisotropy in additively manufactured polymers and polymer composites: a review. Polymers, 2021, 13(9), 128, doi: 10.3390/polym13193368.

DONG, J., MEI, C.T., HAN, J.Q., LEE, S.Y., WU, Q.L. 3D printed poly(lactic acid) composites with grafted cellulose nanofibers: effect of nanofiber and post-fabrication annealing treatment on composite flexural properties. Additive Manufacturing, 2019, 28, 621628, doi: 10.1016/j.addma.2019.06.004.

CHALGHAM, Ali, WICKENKAMP, Inge, EHRMANN, Andrea. Mechanical properties of FDM printed PLA parts before and after thermal treatment. Polymers, 2021, 13(8), 110, doi: 10.3390/polym13081239.

STEPASHKIN, A.A., CHUKOWV, D.I., SENATOV, F.S., SALIMON, A.I., KORSUNSKY, A.M., KALOSHKIN, S.D. 3D-printed PEEK-carbon fiber (CF) composites: structure and thermal properties. Composites Science and Technology, 2018, 164, 319326, doi: 10.1016/j.compscitech.2018.05.032.

GROTHE, Timo, BROCKHAGEN, Bennet, STORCK, Jan Lukas. Three-dimensional printing resin on different textile substrates using stereolithography: a proof of concept. Journal of Engineered Fibers Fabrics, 2020, 15, 17, doi: 10.1177/1558925020933440.

UNGER, Lena, SCHEIDELER, Marvin, MEYER, Pia, HARLAND, Julia, GÖRZEN, Andreas, WORTMANN, Martin, DREYER, Axel, EHRMANN, Andrea. Increasing adhesion of 3D printing on textile fabrics by polymer coating. Tekstilec, 2018, 61(4), 265271, doi: 10.14502/Tekstilec2018.61.265-271.

LOH, Giselle Hsiang, SOTAYO, Adeayo, PEI, Eujin. Development and testing of material extrusion additive manufactured polymer-textile composites. Fashion and Textiles, 2021, 8, 121, doi: 10.1186/s40691-020-00232-7.

GRIMMELSMANN, Nils, KREUZIGER, Mirja, KORGER, Michael, MEISSNER, Hubert, EHRMANN, Andrea. Adhesion of 3D printed material on textile substrates. Rapid Prototyping Journal, 2018, 24(1), 166170, doi: 10.1108/RPJ-05-2016-0086.

DEMIR, Murat, SEKI, Yasemin. Interfacial adhesion strength between FDM-printed PLA parts and surface-treated cellulosic-woven fabrics. Rapid Prototyping Journal, 2023, online first, doi: 10.1108/RPJ-10-2022-0369.

EUTIONNAT-DIFFO, P.A., CHEN, Y., GUAN, J.P., CAYLA, A., CAMPAGNE, C., ZENG, X.Y., NIERSTRAZ, V. Stress, strain and deformation of poly-lactic acid filament deposited onto polyethylene terephthalate woven fabric through 3D printing process. Scientific Reports, 2019, 9, 118, doi: 10.1038/s41598-019-50832-7.

GONCU-BERK, Gozde, KARACAN, Burak, BALKIS, Ilke. Embedding 3D printed filaments with knitted textiles: investigation of bonding parameters. Clothing and Textiles Research Journal, 2022, 40(3), 171186, doi: 10.1177/0887302X20982927.

KORGER, M., BERGSCHNEIDER, J., LUTZ, M., MAHLTIG, B., FINSTERBUSCH, K., RABE, M. Possible applications of 3D printing technology on textile substrates. IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering, 2016, 141, 16, doi: 10.1088/1757-899X/141/1/012011.

KOZIOR, T., DÖPKE, C., GRIMMELSMANN, N., JUHÁSZ JUNGER, I., EHRMANN, A. Influence of fabric pretreatment on adhesion of three-dimensional printed material on textile substrates. Advances in Mechanical Engineering, 2018, 10(8), 18, doi: 10.1177/1687814018792316.

GÖRMER, D., STÖRMER, J., EHRMANN, A. The influence of thermal after-treatment on the adhesion of 3D prints on textile fabrics. Communications in Development and Assembling of Textile Products, 2020, 1(2), 104110, doi: 10.25367/cdatp.2020.1.p104-110.

KORGER, M., GLOGOWSKY, A., SANDULOFF, S., STEINEM, C., HUYSMAN, S., HORN, B., ERNST, M., RABE, M. Testing thermoplastic elastomers selected as flexible three-dimensional printing materials for functional garment and technical textile applications. Journal of Engineered Fibers and Fabrics, 2020, 15, 110, doi: 10.1177/1558925020924599.

PEI, Eujin, SHEN, Jinsong, WATLING, Jennifer. Direct 3D printing of polymers onto textiles: experimental studies and applications. Rapid Prototyping Journal, 2015, 21(5), 556571, doi: 10.1108/RPJ-09-2014-0126.

SANATGAR, R.H., CAMPAGNE, C., NIERSTRASZ, V. Investigation of the adhesion properties of direct 3D printing of polymers and nanocomposites on textiles: effect of FDM printing process parameters. Applied Surface Science, 2017, 403, 551563, doi: 10.1016/j.apsusc.2017.01.112.

Print your ideas with our filament [online]. Grauts [accessed 4. 3. 2011]. Available on World Wide Web: <>.

SPAHIU, T., AL-ARABIYAT, M., MARTENS, Y., EHRMANN, A., PIPERI, E., SHEHI, E. Adhesion of 3D printing polymers on textile fabrics for garment production. IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering, 2019, 459, 16, doi: 10.1088/1757-899X/459/1/012065.






Scientific article

How to Cite

Erdem, G., Grothe, T., & Ehrmann, A. (2023). Adhesion of New Thermoplastic Materials Printed on Textile Fabrics. Tekstilec, 66(1), 57-63.

Similar Articles

1-10 of 34

You may also start an advanced similarity search for this article.

Most read articles by the same author(s)