Antimicrobial Active Chitosan-Based Cotton Yarns: Effect of Chitosan Solution Concentration

Authors

  • Emilija Toshikj “Ss. Cyril and Methodius” University in Skopje, Department of Textile Engineering, Faculty of Technology and Metallurgy, Ruger Boskovic 16, 1000 Skopje, Republic of North Macedonia Author https://orcid.org/0000-0001-6685-4795
  • Ognen Petrovski “Ss. Cyril and Methodius” University in Skopje, Department of Preclinical and Clinical Pharmacology and Toxicology, Faculty of Medicine, 50 Divizija 6, Skopje, Republic of North Macedonia Author
  • Milena Petrovska “Ss. Cyril and Methodius” University in Skopje, Department of Microbiology and Parasitology, Faculty of Medicine, 50 Divizija 6, Skopje, Republic of North Macedonia Author
  • Igor Jordanov “Ss. Cyril and Methodius” University in Skopje, Department of Textile Engineering, Faculty of Technology and Metallurgy, Ruger Boskovic 16, 1000 Skopje, Republic of North Macedonia Author

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.14502/tekstilec.66.2023021

Keywords:

cotton, chitosan, antimicrobial activity, Escherichia coli bacteria, Staphylococcus aureus bacteria

Abstract

Using the exhaustion-pad-dry-rinse method, chitosan was applied to alkaline-scoured and bleached cotton yarns in a solution with concentrations ranging from 0.2–1% to achieve good antimicrobial activity against the bacteria Escherichia coli (Gram-negative) and Staphylococcus aureus (Gram-positive). Studied samples were also assessed by measuring the amount of introduced chitosan, amount of accessible amino groups, mechanical properties, whiteness index and the b* colour coordinate. Alkaline-scoured and bleached cotton yarns treated with all concentrations of the chitosan solution showed good antimicrobial activity against Escherichia coli and Staphylococcus aureus. Better antimicrobial activity was achieved against Escherichia coli. Increasing the concentration of chitosan solution deteriorated the mechanical properties of chitosan-treated cotton yarns. The optimal concentration of chitosan solution incorporated in the exhaustion phase to obtain chitosan-treated yarns with good antimicrobial activity and mechanical properties was 0.6%. The best antimicrobial treatment should minimise potential economic costs while providing functionality.

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References

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Published

2023-06-28

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Scientific article

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How to Cite

Toshikj, E., Petrovski , O., Petrovska , M., & Jordanov, I. (2023). Antimicrobial Active Chitosan-Based Cotton Yarns: Effect of Chitosan Solution Concentration. Tekstilec, 66, 116-125. https://doi.org/10.14502/tekstilec.66.2023021

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