Dynamic Anthropometry – Research on Body Dimensional Changes
Keywords:dynamic anthropometry, 3D body scanning, body dimensions, dynamic body positions
Dynamic anthropometry is a research field that refers to the physical characteristics and considers the measuring of a human body in dynamic positions. In dynamic positions, specific body measurements and surface dimensions change significantly compared to the measurements in a resting state. In that sense, this paper presents a research on dimensional changes conducted on a group of male test subjects in three dynamic positions with a defined set of body measurements relevant for the analysis of body measurement changes compared to the upright standing position. Using a Vitus Smart 3D body scanner and the Anthroscan program, the test subjects were scanned and measured in the upright standing position according to ISO 20685 and in three dynamic positions. Depending on the defined measurements for the analysis in each dynamic position, scanning markers were attached to test subjects’ bodies to ensure the precise determination of anthropometric measuring points. Based on the obtained measurement results, dimensional changes and correlations of the three dynamic positions relative to the measurements in the upright standing position were analysed. The analysis showed significant differences in dynamic positions measurements compared to the upright standing position and indicated the assumption that the dimensional changes of body in motion within a specific body constitution group depend on the initial body part dimensions. The determined results can be used in the design and construction process of functional clothing, since the target values of the garment ease allowances can be determined based on the measurement changes.
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